How to format your references using the Acupuncture in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acupuncture in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins D. Misadventures in the Burgess Shale. Nature 2009;460:952–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yack JE, Fullard JH. Ultrasonic hearing in nocturnal butterflies. Nature 2000;403:265–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Walkden G, Parker J, Kelley S. A late Triassic impact ejecta layer in southwestern Britain. Science 2002;298:2185–8.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schramek D, Leibbrandt A, Sigl V, et al. Osteoclast differentiation factor RANKL controls development of progestin-driven mammary cancer. Nature 2010;468:98–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
De Martini D. Success Probability Estimation with Applications to Clinical Trials. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2013.
An edited book
Rossum J van. Extending SSIS with .NET Scripting: A Toolkit for SQL Server Integration Services. Berkeley, CA: : Apress 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Sinnig D, Wurdel M, Forbrig P, et al. Practical Extensions for Task Models. In: Winckler M, Johnson H, Palanque P, eds. Task Models and Diagrams for User Interface Design: 6th International Workshop, TAMODIA 2007, Toulouse, France, November 7-9, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2007. 42–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acupuncture in Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Climate Change Means We Can’t Keep Living (And Working) In Glass Houses. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Surveillance. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aghaee M. Analysis of Dynamics and Optimal Control for an SIR Epidemiological Model with Time-varying Populations. 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gregory P. This Close to a Killer. New York Times. 2013;:MM36.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAcupuncture in Medicine
AbbreviationAcupunct. Med.
ISSN (print)0964-5284
ISSN (online)1759-9873
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Complementary and alternative medicine
Clinical Neurology

Other styles