How to format your references using the Acupuncture in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acupuncture in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Foster PL. Comment on ‘A bacterium that can grow by using arsenic instead of phosphorus’. Science 2011;332:1149; author reply 1149.
A journal article with 2 authors
Amini A, Cheng C. Nature of hardness evolution in nanocrystalline NiTi shape memory alloys during solid-state phase transition. Sci Rep 2013;3:2476.
A journal article with 3 authors
Efeyan A, Comb WC, Sabatini DM. Nutrient-sensing mechanisms and pathways. Nature 2015;517:302–10.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Loya WM, Pregitzer KS, Karberg NJ, et al. Reduction of soil carbon formation by tropospheric ozone under increased carbon dioxide levels. Nature 2003;425:705–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knowles R. 150 Contractual Problems and their Solutions. Oxford, UK: : Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2008.
An edited book
Coello CAC, Cutello V, Deb K, et al., editors. Parallel Problem Solving from Nature - PPSN XII: 12th International Conference, Taormina, Italy, September 1-5, 2012, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Behar S, Estrada J, Hernández V, et al. Smoothing of Polygonal Chains for 2D Shape Representation Using a G 2-Continuous Cubic A-Spline. In: Sanfeliu A, Cortés ML, eds. Progress in Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis and Applications: 10th Iberoamerican Congress on Pattern Recognition, CIARP 2005, Havana, Cuba, November 15-18, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2005. 42–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acupuncture in Medicine.

Blog post
Fang J. How A Journalist Tricked Millions Of People Into Thinking Chocolate Helps Weight Loss. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: FAA’s Transition of Communications System to Digital Technology. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shamloo Aliabadi E. The effect of distortion on trajectory of diesel Particulate Matters (PM) from mobile sources. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Review: In ‘Tank 432,’ on the Run, but Stuck in a Morass. New York Times. 2016;:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAcupuncture in Medicine
AbbreviationAcupunct. Med.
ISSN (print)0964-5284
ISSN (online)1759-9873
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Complementary and alternative medicine
Clinical Neurology

Other styles