How to format your references using the Acupuncture in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acupuncture in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Tegmark M. Many lives in many worlds. Nature 2007;448:23–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Xu B, Tao NJ. Measurement of single-molecule resistance by repeated formation of molecular junctions. Science 2003;301:1221–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Fonseca PJ, Münch D, Hennig RM. How cicadas interpret acoustic signals. Nature 2000;405:297–8.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Veneault-Fourrey C, Barooah M, Egan M, et al. Autophagic fungal cell death is necessary for infection by the rice blast fungus. Science 2006;312:580–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Hossain ME. Fundamentals of Drilling Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2016.
An edited book
1
Brombin C. Parametric and Nonparametric Inference for Statistical Dynamic Shape Analysis with Applications. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Kulikowski JL, Przytulska M, Wierzbicka D. Biomedical Structures Representation by Morphological Spectra. In: Pietka E, Kawa J, eds. Information Technologies in Biomedicine. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2008. 57–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acupuncture in Medicine.

Blog post
1
Andrew D. What’s The Deadliest Plant On Earth? IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/10-most-deadly-plants-earth/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Changes to the Scope, Schedule, and Estimated Cost of the Earth Observing System. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Baxter JM. Enantioselective Mannich-type Reactions Promoted by Strained Silane Lewis Acids: Selective Generation of Two Contiguous Stereocenters and Entry into a Novel Class of Pyrrolidines. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Feeney K. Where to Fill Up the Table. New York Times. 2009;:NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAcupuncture in Medicine
AbbreviationAcupunct. Med.
ISSN (print)0964-5284
ISSN (online)1759-9873
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Complementary and alternative medicine
Clinical Neurology

Other styles