How to format your references using the Acta Neuropathologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Neuropathologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Reich PB (2009) Elevated CO2 reduces losses of plant diversity caused by nitrogen deposition. Science 326:1399–1402
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
McConnell JR, Barton MK (2003) Botany. Leaf development takes shape. Science 299:1328–1329
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Andersson JO, Doolittle WF, Nesbø CL (2001) Genomics. Are there bugs in our genome? Science 292:1848–1850
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Tanaka M, Chien P, Naber N, Cooke R, Weissman JS (2004) Conformational variations in an infectious protein determine prion strain differences. Nature 428:323–328

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Callard F, Sartorius N, Arboleda-Flórez J, Bartlett P, Helmchen H, Stuart H, Taborda J, Thornicroft G (2012) Mental Illness, Discrimination and the Law. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Duff A, Lepora NF, Mura A, Prescott TJ, Verschure PFMJ (2014) Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems: Third International Conference, Living Machines 2014, Milan, Italy, July 30 – August 1, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Veronesi G (2015) Thoracic Surgery. In: Spinoglio G (ed) Robotic Surgery: Current Applications and New Trends. Springer, Milano, pp 29–39

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Neuropathologica.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2013) Strange, newly-discovered exoplanet defies planetary formation theories. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/strange-newly-discovered-exoplanet-defies-planetary-formation-theories/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1999) Telecommunications Technology: Federal Funding for Schools and Libraries. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gomes S (2010) The Lanterman-Petris-Short Act and the effects of deinstitutionalization on the mentally ill. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Schembari J (2017) Factory Masterpieces. New York Times TR1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3, 4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Neuropathologica
AbbreviationActa Neuropathol.
ISSN (print)0001-6322
ISSN (online)1432-0533
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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