How to format your references using the Acta Neuropathologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Neuropathologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fischer D (2012) Planetary science: early start for rocky planets. Nature 486:331–332
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoerling M, Kumar A (2003) The perfect ocean for drought. Science 299:691–694
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang G, Jarvis ED, Gilbert MTP (2014) Avian genomes. A flock of genomes. Introduction. Science 346:1308–1309
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kishimoto T, Ando J, Tatara S, Yamada N, Konishi K, Kimura N, Fukumori A, Tomonaga M (2014) Alloparenting for chimpanzee twins. Sci Rep 4:6306

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perry DE, Haluska MJ (2016) Hiring Greatness. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Jiang T, Navab N, Pluim JPW, Viergever MA (2010) Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2010: 13th International Conference, Beijing, China, September 20-24, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bural C (2016) Biomechanics of Removable Partial Dentures. In: Şakar O (ed) Removable Partial Dentures: A Practitioners’ Manual. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 25–35

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Neuropathologica.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Quantum Positioning Could Be 1000x More Accurate Than GPS. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Information Technology: Continued Improvements in Investment Oversight and Management Can Yield Billions in Savings. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saperstein AM (2009) Susceptibility to smoking and nicotine dependence in schizophrenia. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick B (2017) Glamour and Virtue at Fashion Week Parties. New York Times D12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 7, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Neuropathologica
AbbreviationActa Neuropathol.
ISSN (print)0001-6322
ISSN (online)1432-0533
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles