How to format your references using the Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.H. Teich, Data for an election year, Science. 289 (2000) 1878b.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.K. Aanen, T. Bisseling, Microbiology. The birth of cooperation, Science. 345 (2014) 29–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
B.L. Sibanda, D.Y. Chirgadze, T.L. Blundell, Crystal structure of DNA-PKcs reveals a large open-ring cradle comprised of HEAT repeats, Nature. 463 (2010) 118–121.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.N. Grigorenko, A.K. Geim, H.F. Gleeson, Y. Zhang, A.A. Firsov, I.Y. Khrushchev, J. Petrovic, Nanofabricated media with negative permeability at visible frequencies, Nature. 438 (2005) 335–338.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C.E. Nash, The History of Aquaculture, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
M. Zutshi, ed., Anorectal Disease: Contemporary Management, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Pickering, J. McCulloch, D. Wright-Neville, Counter-Terrorism Policing, in: J. McCulloch, D. Wright-Neville (Eds.), Counter-Terrorism Policing: Community, Cohesion and Security, Springer, New York, NY, 2008: pp. 91–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Can Genetics Find A ‘Cure’ For Autism?, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Acquisitions: Challenges Facing DOD as it Changes Approaches to Space Acquisitions, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.C. Koblick, Parallel high-precision orbit propagation using the modified Picard-Chebyshev method, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.K. Zajac, Stars of Their Own Screenplay, New York Times. (2014) ST16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Mechanica Solida Sinica
ISSN (print)0894-9166

Other styles