How to format your references using the Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.M. Siegel, The REM sleep-memory consolidation hypothesis, Science. 294 (2001) 1058–1063.
A journal article with 2 authors
Z. Zhou, F. Zhang, A long-tailed, seed-eating bird from the Early Cretaceous of China, Nature. 418 (2002) 405–409.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Homer, L. Gui, J. Carroll, A spindle assembly checkpoint protein functions in prophase I arrest and prometaphase progression, Science. 326 (2009) 991–994.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W. van Straten, M. Bailes, M. Britton, S.R. Kulkarni, S.B. Anderson, R.N. Manchester, J. Sarkissian, A test of general relativity from the three-dimensional orbital geometry of a binary pulsar, Nature. 412 (2001) 158–160.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Dujmović, B. Androić, I. Lukačević, Composite Structures According to Eurocode 4, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2014.
An edited book
M. Oya, R. Uda, C. Yasunobu, eds., Towards Sustainable Society on Ubiquitous Networks: The 8th IFIP Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society (I3E 2008), September 24–16, 2008, Tokyo, Japan, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Singh, S.K. Anandan, S. Malik, S. Sistla, S. Wright, Excel Services, in: S.K. Anandan, S. Malik, S. Sistla, S. Wright (Eds.), Pro SharePoint 2013 Business Intelligence Solutions, Apress, Berkeley, CA, 2013: pp. 247–303.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica.

Blog post
T. Hale, Video Shows Otters Drown And Kill A Monkey At A Zoo, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, National Science Foundation: Steps Taken to Improve Contracting Practices, but Opportunities Exist to Do More, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.B. Friedlander, Limited Sight Distance, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Eligon, Family of Man Shot by Officer Settles Suit, New York Times. (2017) A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Mechanica Solida Sinica
ISSN (print)0894-9166

Other styles