How to format your references using the Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, Golden handcuffs, Nature. 424 (2003) 351.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.M.B. Nijman, S.H. Friend, Cancer. Potential of the synthetic lethality principle, Science. 342 (2013) 809–811.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Xu, X.-Q. Li, Q.-F. Sun, Revisit the spin-FET: multiple reflection, inelastic scattering, and lateral size effects, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7527.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Nábelek, G. Hetényi, J. Vergne, S. Sapkota, B. Kafle, M. Jiang, H. Su, J. Chen, B.-S. Huang, Hi-CLIMB Team, Underplating in the Himalaya-Tibet collision zone revealed by the Hi-CLIMB experiment, Science. 325 (2009) 1371–1374.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H.P. Segal, Utopias, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2012.
An edited book
L. Markauskaite, P. Freebody, J. Irwin, eds., Methodological Choice and Design: Scholarship, Policy and Practice in Social and Educational Research, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Bosse, N.M. Mogles, An Agent-Based Approach for Accident Analysis in Safety Critical Domains: A Case Study on a Runway Incursion Incident, in: N.T. Nguyen, R. Kowalczyk, A. Fred, F. Joaquim (Eds.), Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XVII, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014: pp. 66–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Medics Given The Go Ahead For A Trial Of Suspended Animation, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Research: Information on Fees for Selected Federally Funded Research and Development Centers, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.L. Waugh, From forgotten to remembered: The long process of school desegregation in Chapel Hill, North Carolina and Prince Edward County, Virginia, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, A Feast for Actors, With One in the Kitchen, New York Times. (2017) C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Mechanica Solida Sinica
ISSN (print)0894-9166

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