How to format your references using the Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.F. A’Hearn, The comet no one saw, Nature. 405 (2000) 285, 287.
A journal article with 2 authors
N.J. Emery, N.S. Clayton, Effects of experience and social context on prospective caching strategies by scrub jays, Nature. 414 (2001) 443–446.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.P. Harmon, N.A. Moran, A.R. Ives, Species response to environmental change: impacts of food web interactions and evolution, Science. 323 (2009) 1347–1350.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Tio, G. Udolph, X. Yang, W. Chia, cdc2 links the Drosophila cell cycle and asymmetric division machineries, Nature. 409 (2001) 1063–1067.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
I. Söchting, Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
M. Lehto, P. Neittaanmäki, eds., Cyber Security: Analytics, Technology and Automation, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Emery, T. Sallee, Q. Han, Worker Selection for Reliably Crowdsourcing Location-Dependent Tasks, in: S. Sigg, P. Nurmi, F. Salim (Eds.), Mobile Computing, Applications, and Services: 7th International Conference, MobiCASE 2015, Berlin, Germany, November 12–13, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 71–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Measles Has Been Officially Wiped Out Across The Americas, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Commercial Space Launch Insurance: Weakness in FAA’s Insurance Calculation May Expose the Federal Government to Excess Risk, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Mueller, Biases in the Selection Process Against Applicants with Tattoos, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Hubbard, Aleppo Reeling as Air Assaults Are Stepped Up, New York Times. (2016) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Mechanica Solida Sinica
ISSN (print)0894-9166

Other styles