How to format your references using the Acta Biomaterialia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Biomaterialia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Bréchot, Train Africa’s scientists in crisis response, Nature. 524 (2015) 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.K. Kummamuru, Y.-A. Soh, Electrical effects of spin density wave quantization and magnetic domain walls in chromium, Nature. 452 (2008) 859–863.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.P. Conrad, B. Steinberger, T.H. Torsvik, Stability of active mantle upwelling revealed by net characteristics of plate tectonics, Nature. 498 (2013) 479–482.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Chereau, M. Boczkowska, A. Skwarek-Maruszewska, I. Fujiwara, D.B. Hayes, G. Rebowski, P. Lappalainen, T.D. Pollard, R. Dominguez, Leiomodin is an actin filament nucleator in muscle cells, Science. 320 (2008) 239–243.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.-P. Deschamps, G.J.A. Bioul, G.D. Sutter, Synthesis of Arithmetic Circuits, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
H.-N. Teodorescu, A. Kirschenbaum, S. Cojocaru, C. Bruderlein, eds., Improving Disaster Resilience and Mitigation - IT Means and Tools, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Ito, Water Problem in PEMFC, in: S. Basu (Ed.), Recent Trends in Fuel Cell Science and Technology, Springer, New York, NY, 2007: pp. 129–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Biomaterialia.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Three Ways Synthetic Biology Could Annihilate Zika And Other Mosquito-Borne Diseases, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Need for More Effective Audits of Federal Grants and Contracts Administered by Institutions of Higher Education, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.R. Poyaoan-Linzaga, The effects of patient communication in early intervention for falls among the Medicare patients, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
D. Philipps, ‘I Would Love for My President to Meet Me,’ New York Times. (2017) A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Biomaterialia
AbbreviationActa Biomater.
ISSN (print)1742-7061
Molecular Biology
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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