How to format your references using the Acta Biomaterialia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Biomaterialia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Vogel, DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY: Brain Cells Turning Over a New Leaf, Science. 289 (2000) 1666a.
A journal article with 2 authors
F. Slakey, L.R. Cohen, Stop laser uranium enrichment, Nature. 464 (2010) 32–33.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Keppler, M. Wiedenbeck, S.S. Shcheka, Carbon solubility in olivine and the mode of carbon storage in the Earth’s mantle, Nature. 424 (2003) 414–416.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.S. Si, J.Y. Li, D.Z. Yang, D.S. Xue, G.P. Zhang, Crystal-momentum dispersion of ultrafast spin change in fcc Co, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T.N. Corns, A History of Seventeenth-Century English Literature, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
K. Nakao, N. Minato, S. Uemoto, eds., Innovative Medicine: Basic Research and Development, 1st ed. 2015, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
K.A. Milton, J. Schwinger, Variational Principles for Harmonic Time Dependence, in: J. Schwinger (Ed.), Electromagnetic Radiation: Variational Methods, Waveguides and Accelerators, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 79–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Biomaterialia.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Success! Juno Enters Orbit Around Jupiter In Historic Mission, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Security: A National Strategy and Other Actions Would Strengthen TSA’s Efforts to Secure Commercial Airport Perimeters and Access Controls, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.J. McLeod, From fear to freedom: Overcoming obstacles and living truthfully in a role, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
J. Markoff, John Ellenby, Creator of Early Laptop, Dies at 75, New York Times. (2016) A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Biomaterialia
AbbreviationActa Biomater.
ISSN (print)1742-7061
Molecular Biology
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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