How to format your references using the Acta Biomaterialia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Biomaterialia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.B. Lambert, Chemistry. A tamed reactive intermediate, Science. 322 (2008) 1333–1334.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Rosenfeld, W.L. Woodley, Deep convective clouds with sustained supercooled liquid water down to -37.5 degrees C, Nature. 405 (2000) 440–442.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Qian, E. Winfree, J. Bruck, Neural network computation with DNA strand displacement cascades, Nature. 475 (2011) 368–372.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Grupe, S. Germer, J. Usuka, D. Aud, J.K. Belknap, R.F. Klein, M.K. Ahluwalia, R. Higuchi, G. Peltz, In silico mapping of complex disease-related traits in mice, Science. 292 (2001) 1915–1918.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E.O. Afoakwa, Chocolate Science and Technology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
K. Mathis, Efficiency Instead of Justice?: Searching for the Philosophical Foundations of the Economic Analysis of Law, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Baartse, K. Meer, An Algebraic Proof of the Real Number PCP Theorem, in: G.F. Italiano, G. Pighizzini, D.T. Sannella (Eds.), Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science 2015: 40th International Symposium, MFCS 2015, Milan, Italy, August 24-28, 2015, Proceedings, Part II, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015: pp. 50–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Biomaterialia.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Locked And Loaded” Bangladesh Earthquake Threatens 140 Million People, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Commercial Aviation: Air Service Trends At Small Communities Since October 2000, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Campos-Doerfler, The Role of Sgs1 and Exo1 in the Maintenance of Genome Stability, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Dinardo, Kevin Carr Will Stop Running When He Circles the World, New York Times. (2014) TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Biomaterialia
AbbreviationActa Biomater.
ISSN (print)1742-7061
Molecular Biology
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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