How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Information and System Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Information and System Security (TISSEC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brian C. Sales. 2002. Thermoelectric materials. Smaller is cooler. Science 295, 5558 (February 2002), 1248–1249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phil Green and Brent Ewing. 2013. Comment on “Evidence of abundant purifying selection in humans for recently acquired regulatory functions.” Science 340, 6133 (May 2013), 682.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andrea J. Webster, Robert J. H. Payne, and Mark Pagel. 2003. Molecular phylogenies link rates of evolution and speciation. Science 301, 5632 (July 2003), 478.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xupin Jiang, Xiaowei Guo, Xue Xu, Miao Teng, Chong Huang, Dongxia Zhang, Qiong Zhang, Jiaping Zhang, and Yuesheng Huang. 2014. Hypoxia regulates CD9-mediated keratinocyte migration via the P38/MAPK pathway. Sci. Rep. 4, (September 2014), 6304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ernesto M. Hernandez and Afaf Kamal-Eldin. 2013. Processing and Nutrition of Fats and Oils. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Tomasz Kamusella, Motoki Nomachi, and Catherine Gibson (Eds.). 2016. The Palgrave Handbook of Slavic Languages, Identities and Borders. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Patricia Gosling and Bart Noordam. 2011. How to Think Like a Scientist. In Mastering Your PhD: Survival and Success in the Doctoral Years and Beyond, Lambertus D. Noordam (ed.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 27–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Information and System Security.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. New Evidence Suggests Early Mars Had A Vast Ocean. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Freight Transportation: National Policy and Strategies Can Help Improve Freight Mobility. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robin Parihar. 2004. Characterization of the Natural Killer Cell Cytokine Response to Antibody-Coated Tumor Cells. Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mary Pilon. 2012. Dead Heat Controversy Simply Will Not Die. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Information and System Security
AbbreviationACM Trans. Inf. Syst. Secur.
ISSN (print)1094-9224
ISSN (online)1557-7406

Other styles