How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Information and System Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Information and System Security (TISSEC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam Kolber. 2011. Neuroethics: Give memory-altering drugs a chance. Nature 476, 7360 (August 2011), 275–276.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michael H. Sieweke and Judith E. Allen. 2013. Beyond stem cells: self-renewal of differentiated macrophages. Science 342, 6161 (November 2013), 1242974.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hans-Otto Karnath, Svenja Borchers, and Marc Himmelbach. 2010. Comment on “Movement intention after parietal cortex stimulation in humans.” Science 327, 5970 (March 2010), 1200; author reply 1200.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Daniel Q. McNerny, B. Viswanath, Davor Copic, Fabrice R. Laye, Christophor Prohoda, Anna C. Brieland-Shoultz, Erik S. Polsen, Nicholas T. Dee, Vijayen S. Veerasamy, and A. John Hart. 2014. Direct fabrication of graphene on SiO2 enabled by thin film stress engineering. Sci. Rep. 4, (May 2014), 5049.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pierre Lévy. 2013. The Semantic Sphere 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Begoña Gros, Kinshuk, and Marcelo Maina (Eds.). 2016. The Future of Ubiquitous Learning: Learning Designs for Emerging Pedagogies (1st ed. 2016 ed.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hartmut Janocha. 2008. Piezoelectric Drives. In Handbook of Fractional-Horsepower Drives, Eberhard Kallenbach, Hans-Dieter Stölting and Wolfgang Amrhein (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 317–345.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Information and System Security.

Blog post
Jonathan O`Callaghan. 2017. A Massive Impact Crater May Be Hiding Near The Falklands. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Aviation Safety: Certification and Approval Processes Are Generally Viewed as Working Well, but Better Evaluative Information Needed to Improve Efficiency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Michael Lee. 2009. Utilizing the Index of Learning Styles (ILS) in a technology-based publishing program. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James Wagner. 2016. Home Runs, Not Surprisingly, Lift the Mets. New York Times, B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Information and System Security
AbbreviationACM Trans. Inf. Syst. Secur.
ISSN (print)1094-9224
ISSN (online)1557-7406

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