How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Information and System Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Information and System Security (TISSEC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dmitri Tymoczko. 2006. The geometry of musical chords. Science 313, 5783 (July 2006), 72–74.
A journal article with 2 authors
Victor Brovkin and Martin Claussen. 2008. Comment on “Climate-driven ecosystem succession in the Sahara: the past 6000 years.” Science 322, 5906 (November 2008), 1326; author reply 1326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brent E. Wisse, Francis Kim, and Michael W. Schwartz. 2007. Physiology. An integrative view of obesity. Science 318, 5852 (November 2007), 928–929.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gene W. Tyson, Jarrod Chapman, Philip Hugenholtz, Eric E. Allen, Rachna J. Ram, Paul M. Richardson, Victor V. Solovyev, Edward M. Rubin, Daniel S. Rokhsar, and Jillian F. Banfield. 2004. Community structure and metabolism through reconstruction of microbial genomes from the environment. Nature 428, 6978 (March 2004), 37–43.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edward Burton. 2016. Business and Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Philip R. Schauer, Bruce D. Schirmer, and Stacy A. Brethauer (Eds.). 2007. Minimally Invasive Bariatric Surgery. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Ian J. Taylor and Andrew B. Harrison. 2009. The Web. In From P2P and Grids to Services on the Web: Evolving Distributed Communities, Ian J. Taylor and Andrew B. Harrison (eds.). Springer, London, 81–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Information and System Security.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. Pandas Cope With Their Bamboo Diet by Being Lazy. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. DOD Voluntary Education: Determining and Meeting Postsecondary Education Needs in Europe. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Deborah L. Rooks. 2009. Science for all: Experiences and outcomes of students with visual impairment in a guided inquiry-based classroom. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Linda Neal. 2010. Quotation of the Day. New York Times, A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,4,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Information and System Security
AbbreviationACM Trans. Inf. Syst. Secur.
ISSN (print)1094-9224
ISSN (online)1557-7406

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