How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Information and System Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Information and System Security (TISSEC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pete Moore. 2005. Photocopiers for DNA. Nature 435, 7039 (May 2005), 237.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adam Wolf and William R. L. Anderegg. 2011. Comment on “Changes in climatic water balance drive downhill shifts in plant species’ optimum elevations.” Science 334, 6053 (October 2011), 177; author reply 177.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. S. Jacobs, C. F. Giulivi, and P. A. Mele. 2002. Freshening of the Ross Sea during the late 20th century. Science 297, 5580 (July 2002), 386–389.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fei Lan, Robert E. Collins, Rossella De Cegli, Roman Alpatov, John R. Horton, Xiaobing Shi, Or Gozani, Xiaodong Cheng, and Yang Shi. 2007. Recognition of unmethylated histone H3 lysine 4 links BHC80 to LSD1-mediated gene repression. Nature 448, 7154 (August 2007), 718–722.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Louis J. Ippolito Jr. 2008. Satellite Communications Systems Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ricardo Baeza-Yates, Joseph Glaz, Henryk Gzyl, Jürgen Hüsler, and José Luis Palacios (Eds.). 2005. Recent Advances in Applied Probability. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Partha Sampath and Martin Wirsing. 2011. Evaluation of Cost Based Best Practices in Business Processes. In Enterprise, Business-Process and Information Systems Modeling: 12th International Conference, BPMDS 2011, and 16th International Conference, EMMSAD 2011, held at CAiSE 2011, London, UK, June 20-21, 2011. Proceedings, Terry Halpin, Selmin Nurcan, John Krogstie, Pnina Soffer, Erik Proper, Rainer Schmidt and Ilia Bider (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Information and System Security.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Astronomers Reveal Most Detailed Catalog of Milky Way Stars. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Air Traffic Control: Smaller Terminal Systems’ Capacity Requirements Need to Be Defined. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carolina Ramirez. 2017. A Policy Analysis: Assembly Bill 1421 or Laura’s Law. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mary Williams Walsh. 2013. S.&P. Seeks Dismissal of U.S. Civil Suit Over Rating of Mortgage Debt. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Information and System Security
AbbreviationACM Trans. Inf. Syst. Secur.
ISSN (print)1094-9224
ISSN (online)1557-7406

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