How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Information and System Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Information and System Security (TISSEC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
John Reinitz. 2012. Turing centenary: Pattern formation. Nature 482, 7386 (February 2012), 464.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leslie Roberts and Stephen Simpson. 2008. Drug resistance. Deadly defiance. Introduction to special issue. Science 321, 5887 (July 2008), 355.
A journal article with 3 authors
Satoshi Ide, Annemarie Baltay, and Gregory C. Beroza. 2011. Shallow dynamic overshoot and energetic deep rupture in the 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. Science 332, 6036 (June 2011), 1426–1429.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Houyuan Lu, Xiaoyan Yang, Maolin Ye, Kam-Biu Liu, Zhengkai Xia, Xiaoyan Ren, Linhai Cai, Naiqin Wu, and Tung-Sheng Liu. 2005. Culinary archaeology: Millet noodles in Late Neolithic China. Nature 437, 7061 (October 2005), 967–968.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kamil Sh Zigangirov. 2004. Theory of Code Division Multiple Access Communication. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Felix Aharonian. 2013. Astrophysics at Very High Energies: Saas-Fee Advanced Course 40. Swiss Society for Astrophysics and Astronomy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
James Konow and Lars Schwettmann. 2016. The Economics of Justice. In Handbook of Social Justice Theory and Research, Clara Sabbagh and Manfred Schmitt (eds.). Springer, New York, NY, 83–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Information and System Security.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Cute But Not So Innocent: Seals Blamed For Porpoise Massacre. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. Small Businesses and Innovation, Small Business Research Conference. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Courtney Dair. 2015. Development of a nutrition-related curriculum for sustainable food waste management for foodservice operations. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Charles Isherwood. 2016. Old Friends, Sifting Grief at a Reunion. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Information and System Security
AbbreviationACM Trans. Inf. Syst. Secur.
ISSN (print)1094-9224
ISSN (online)1557-7406

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