How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Information and System Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Information and System Security (TISSEC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duncan Graham-Rowe. 2011. Biodiversity: Endangered and in demand. Nature 480, 7378 (December 2011), S101-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keith R. Briffa and Timothy J. Osborn. 2002. Paleoclimate. Blowing hot and cold. Science 295, 5563 (March 2002), 2227–2228.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. A. McKee, F. J. Walker, and M. F. Chisholm. 2001. Physical structure and inversion charge at a semiconductor interface with a crystalline oxide. Science 293, 5529 (July 2001), 468–471.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jubao Duan, Jianxin Shi, Xijin Ge, Lars Dölken, Winton Moy, Deli He, Sandra Shi, Alan R. Sanders, Jeff Ross, and Pablo V. Gejman. 2013. Genome-wide survey of interindividual differences of RNA stability in human lymphoblastoid cell lines. Sci. Rep. 3, (2013), 1318.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Digambar M. Tagare. 2011. Electric Power Generation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sharada Avadhanam, G. Jyothsna, and Amita Kashyap (Eds.). 2016. Next Generation DNA Led Technologies (1st ed. 2016 ed.). Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Winston Gwathmey and J. W. Thomas Byrd. 2014. Hip Pathology That Can Cause Groin Pain in Athletes: Diagnosis and Management. In Sports Hernia and Athletic Pubalgia: Diagnosis and Treatment, David R. Diduch and L. Michael Brunt (eds.). Springer US, Boston, MA, 31–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Information and System Security.

Blog post
Janet Fang. 2015. Why More Sharks Don’t Invade Freshwater Lakes and Rivers. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. U.S. Communications Policy: Issues for the 1990s. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Elizabeth Anne Mackay. 2009. Title I funding allocation of reserve funds after increased standards for academic proficiency under the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ben Sisario. 2016. Roll Over, Beyoncé: Chuck Berry’s Surprise. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Information and System Security
AbbreviationACM Trans. Inf. Syst. Secur.
ISSN (print)1094-9224
ISSN (online)1557-7406

Other styles