How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Computational Logic citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pat Levitt. 2004. Neuroscience. Sealing cortical cell fate. Science 303, 5654 (January 2004), 48–49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fredric Carlsson and Eric J. Brown. 2009. Cell biology. The art of making an exit. Science 323, 5922 (March 2009), 1678–1679.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tetsuro Komatsu, Takeshi Sekiya, and Kyosuke Nagata. 2013. DNA replication-dependent binding of CTCF plays a critical role in adenovirus genome functions. Sci. Rep. 3, (2013), 2187.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. E. Biscaye, F. E. Grousset, A. M. Svensson, A. Bory, and L. A. Barrie. 2000. Eurasian air pollution reaches eastern north america. Science 290, 5500 (December 2000), 2258–2259.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tertulien Ndjountche. 2016. Digital Electronics 3. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Christian Jacob, Marcin L. Pilat, Peter J. Bentley, and Jonathan I. Timmis (Eds.). 2005. Artificial Immune Systems: 4th International Conference, ICARIS 2005, Banff, Alberta, Canada, August 14-17, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Diana Derval and Johan Bremer. 2012. Find the Perfect Balance. In Hormones, Talent, and Career: Unlock Your Hormonal Quotient®, Johan Bremer (ed.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 71–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Computational Logic.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. Watch A Rocket’s-Eye View Of Being Launched Into Space. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. U.S. Infrastructure: Agencies’ Approaches to Developing Investment Estimates Vary. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Deborah L. Rooks. 2009. Science for all: Experiences and outcomes of students with visual impairment in a guided inquiry-based classroom. University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Caitlin Kelly. 2012. Drop Out, Dive In, Start Up. New York Times, BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Computational Logic
AbbreviationACM Trans. Comput. Log.
ISSN (print)1529-3785
ISSN (online)1557-945X

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