How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Computational Logic citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jay R. Winkler. 2013. Chemistry. FRETting over the spectroscopic ruler. Science 339, 6127 (March 2013), 1530–1531.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chigozie Anuli Mbadugha and Adeola Olukorede Onakoya. 2014. The awareness, perceptions and experiences of primary open angle glaucoma patients in Lagos Nigeria. Sci. Rep. 4, (December 2014), 7585.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Hulleman, M. H. van Kerkwijk, and S. R. Kulkarni. 2000. An optical counterpart to the anomalous X-ray pulsar 4U0142+61. Nature 408, 6813 (December 2000), 689–692.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. S. Carroll, J. Hanna, I. Simon, J. Krise, P. Barbero, and S. R. Pfeffer. 2001. Role of Rab9 GTPase in facilitating receptor recruitment by TIP47. Science 292, 5520 (May 2001), 1373–1376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shiping Yang, Jian-Xin Xu, Xuefang Li, and Dong Shen. 2017. Iterative Learning Control for Multi-agent Systems Coordination. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Jean-Claude Pont (Ed.). 2009. Collected Works of Charles François Sturm. Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Hendrik Thomas, Rike Brecht, Bernd Markscheffel, Stephan Bode, and Karsten Spekowius. 2008. TMchartis – A Tool Set for Designing Multiple Problem-Oriented Visualizations for Topic Maps. In Scaling Topic Maps: Third International Conference on Topic Maps Research and Applications, TMRA 2007 Leipzig, Germany, October 11-12, 2007 Revised Selected Papers, Lutz Maicher and Lars Marius Garshol (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 36–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Computational Logic.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. No, Solar Panels Will Not Drain The Sun’s Energy. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Airports’ Efforts to Deal with Date Change Problem. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
John Paul Delisio. 2017. Fighting For A Cure: The Berry Plan’s Impact on Civilian Medical Research. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Linda F. Burghardt. 2005. Ready for Their Close-Up, a Couple Consults. New York Times, 14LI12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [5–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Computational Logic
AbbreviationACM Trans. Comput. Log.
ISSN (print)1529-3785
ISSN (online)1557-945X

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