How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Computational Logic citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Takema Fukatsu. 2010. Evolution. A fungal past to insect color. Science 328, 5978 (April 2010), 574–575.
A journal article with 2 authors
Julie Cullimore and Jean Dénarié. 2003. Plant sciences. How legumes select their sweet talking symbionts. Science 302, 5645 (October 2003), 575–578.
A journal article with 3 authors
Katherine Duncan, Arhanti Sadanand, and Lila Davachi. 2012. Memory’s penumbra: episodic memory decisions induce lingering mnemonic biases. Science 337, 6093 (July 2012), 485–487.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Salvador Moyà-Solà, Meike Köhler, David M. Alba, Isaac Casanovas-Vilar, and Jordi Galindo. 2004. Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, a new Middle Miocene great ape from Spain. Science 306, 5700 (November 2004), 1339–1344.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
David Steele. 2011. From Therapist to Coach. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Anne Condon, David Harel, Joost N. Kok, Arto Salomaa, and Erik Winfree (Eds.). 2009. Algorithmic Bioprocesses. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Dane Parker. 2014. Activation of Type I IFN Signaling by Staphylococcus aureus. In Bacterial Activation of Type I Interferons, Dane Parker (ed.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 61–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Computational Logic.

Blog post
Jonathan O`Callaghan. 2016. New Crew Arrives At The International Space Station. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Telephone Communications: Issues Affecting Rural Telephone Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alexandria Pan. 2017. The Mental Health and Well-Being of College Students in Cambodia. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Linda Chavers and Alexandra Zissu. 2005. THE ORIGINALS. New York Times, 6136.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Computational Logic
AbbreviationACM Trans. Comput. Log.
ISSN (print)1529-3785
ISSN (online)1557-945X

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