How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Computational Logic citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sebastian Sobek. 2014. Climate science: cold carbon storage. Nature 511, 7510 (July 2014), 415–417.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yair Rosenthal and Anthony J. Broccoli. 2004. Atmospheric science. In search of paleo-ENSO. Science 304, 5668 (April 2004), 219–221.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stephen S. Morse, Richard L. Garwin, and Paula J. Olsiewski. 2006. Public health. Next flu pandemic: what to do until the vaccine arrives? Science 314, 5801 (November 2006), 929.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Porenta, S. Copar, P. J. Ackerman, M. B. Pandey, M. C. M. Varney, I. I. Smalyukh, and S. Žumer. 2014. Topological switching and orbiting dynamics of colloidal spheres dressed with chiral nematic solitons. Sci. Rep. 4, (December 2014), 7337.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. S. Etube. 2000. Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics of Offshore Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Moshe Schein, Paul Rogers, and Ahmad Assalia (Eds.). 2009. Schein’s Common Sense Emergency Abdominal Surgery: An Unconventional Book for Trainees and Thinking Surgeons. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Steve Granick. 2010. Tribology at Small Scales. In Advanced Tribology: Proceedings of CIST2008 & ITS-IFToMM2008, Jianbin Luo, Yonggang Meng, Tianmin Shao and Qian Zhao (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 11–11.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Computational Logic.

Blog post
Danielle Andrew. 2016. What’s Wrong With The Web And Do We Need To Fix It? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Charter Schools: Education Could Do More to Assist Charter Schools with Applying for Discretionary Grants. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richard T. Satterlee. 2009. A case study of undergraduate student employment at a private university: Exploring the effects of social class and institutional context. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shaila Dewan. 2014. Mostly White Forces in Mostly Black Towns: Police Struggle for Racial Diversity. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Computational Logic
AbbreviationACM Trans. Comput. Log.
ISSN (print)1529-3785
ISSN (online)1557-945X

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