How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Computational Logic citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. F. Service. 2000. CHEMISTRY: Crystals Branch Out Into Exotic Shapes. Science 290, 5498 (December 2000), 1875.
A journal article with 2 authors
Valentino M. Gantz and Ethan Bier. 2015. Genome editing. The mutagenic chain reaction: a method for converting heterozygous to homozygous mutations. Science 348, 6233 (April 2015), 442–444.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yun Zhao, Chao Tong, and Jin Jiang. 2007. Hedgehog regulates smoothened activity by inducing a conformational switch. Nature 450, 7167 (November 2007), 252–258.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rikiya Watanabe, Naoki Soga, Tomoko Yamanaka, and Hiroyuki Noji. 2014. High-throughput formation of lipid bilayer membrane arrays with an asymmetric lipid composition. Sci. Rep. 4, (November 2014), 7076.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karl-Helmut Tostmann. 2005. Korrosion. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Mikhail Atallah, Xiang-Yang Li, and Binhai Zhu (Eds.). 2011. Frontiers in Algorithmics and Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: Joint International Conference, FAW-AAIM 2011, Jinhua, China, May 28-31, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Claudio Martella, Roman Shaposhnik, and Dionysios Logothetis. 2015. Working with Giraph. In Practical Graph Analytics with Apache Giraph, Roman Shaposhnik and Dionysios Logothetis (eds.). Apress, Berkeley, CA, 109–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Computational Logic.

Blog post
Josh Davis. 2017. Surrogate Chickens Could Be Produced That Lay The Eggs Of Rare Breeds. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Space Transportation System: Past, Present, Future. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marguerita L. Best. 2013. Assistant Principals and Reform: A Socialization Paradox? Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Michael J. de la MERCED. 2017. Buffett Bails Out a Troubled Canadian Mortgage Lender. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,4,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Computational Logic
AbbreviationACM Trans. Comput. Log.
ISSN (print)1529-3785
ISSN (online)1557-945X

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