How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Computational Logic citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Nelson. 2001. Solar energy. Solar cells by self-assembly? Science 293, 5532 (August 2001), 1059–1060.
A journal article with 2 authors
Qi Zhou and Doris Bachtrog. 2012. Sex-specific adaptation drives early sex chromosome evolution in Drosophila. Science 337, 6092 (July 2012), 341–345.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rebecca S. Mathew-Fenn, Rhiju Das, and Pehr A. B. Harbury. 2008. Remeasuring the double helix. Science 322, 5900 (October 2008), 446–449.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stefan A. Paschen, Thomas Waizenegger, Tincuta Stan, Marc Preuss, Marek Cyrklaff, Kai Hell, Doron Rapaport, and Walter Neupert. 2003. Evolutionary conservation of biogenesis of beta-barrel membrane proteins. Nature 426, 6968 (December 2003), 862–866.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aurora Villarroel. 2015. Practical Clinical Epidemiology for the Veterinarian. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Shauna Dauphinee and Aly Karsan (Eds.). 2010. Endothelial Dysfunction and Inflammation. Springer, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Julio Cesar Novoa. 2016. A Combined Lidocaine/Ropivacaine Formula for Tumescent Anesthesia. In Liposuction: Principles and Practice, Melvin A. Shiffman and Alberto Di Giuseppe (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 75–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Computational Logic.

Blog post
Ben Taub. 2016. Brainless Slime Is Capable Of Learning. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Health Care: National Strategy Needed to Accelerate the Implementation of Information Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luke D. Conlin. 2012. Building shared understandings in introductory physics tutorials through risk, repair, conflict & comedy. University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
John Hodgman. 2017. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Computational Logic
AbbreviationACM Trans. Comput. Log.
ISSN (print)1529-3785
ISSN (online)1557-945X

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