How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Applied Perception citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Applied Perception (TAP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. V. Balatsky. 2000. Superconductivity. From obscurity to impurity. Nature 403, 6771 (February 2000), 717–718.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Bryan Ray and Nancy R. Gough. 2002. Orienteering strategies for a signaling maze. Science 296, 5573 (May 2002), 1632–1633.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Aravind, V. M. Dixit, and E. V. Koonin. 2001. Apoptotic molecular machinery: vastly increased complexity in vertebrates revealed by genome comparisons. Science 291, 5507 (February 2001), 1279–1284.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Schöck, J. Reischl, E. Wimmer, H. Taubert, B. A. Purnell, and H. Jäckle. 2000. Phenotypic suppression of empty spiracles is prevented by buttonhead. Nature 405, 6784 (May 2000), 351–354.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laurie Maguire and Emma Smith. 2012. 30 Great Myths about Shakespeare. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Muaz A. Niazi. 2013. Cognitive Agent-based Computing-I: A Unified Framework for Modeling Complex Adaptive Systems using Agent-based & Complex Network-based Methods. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Kam Lun Ellis Hon and Alexander K. C. Leung. 2012. Use of Moisturizers in Patients with Atopic Dermatitis. In Treatment of Dry Skin Syndrome: The Art and Science of Moisturizers, Marie Lodén and Howard I. Maibach (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Applied Perception.

Blog post
Ben Taub. 2016. The Neural Basis For Psychosomatic Illness May Have Been Discovered. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Aviation Workforce: Current and Future Availability of Airline Pilots. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eric R. Winhusen. 2001. Precambrian Seawater Temperature Analysis Using Oxygen Isotopes from Hamersley Carbonates, Western Australia. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kamel Daoud. 2017. The French Disconnection. New York Times, A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Applied Perception
AbbreviationACM Trans. Appl. Percept.
ISSN (print)1544-3558
ISSN (online)1544-3965
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Theoretical Computer Science
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Other styles