How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Applied Perception citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Applied Perception (TAP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robert T. Paine. 2002. Trophic control of production in a rocky intertidal community. Science 296, 5568 (April 2002), 736–739.
A journal article with 2 authors
César R. Ranero and Marta Pérez-Gussinyé. 2010. Sequential faulting explains the asymmetry and extension discrepancy of conjugate margins. Nature 468, 7321 (November 2010), 294–299.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wenshan Cai, Alok P. Vasudev, and Mark L. Brongersma. 2011. Electrically controlled nonlinear generation of light with plasmonics. Science 333, 6050 (September 2011), 1720–1723.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sunitha R. Pangala, Alex Enrich-Prast, Luana S. Basso, Roberta Bittencourt Peixoto, David Bastviken, Edward R. C. Hornibrook, Luciana V. Gatti, Humberto Marotta, Luana Silva Braucks Calazans, Cassia Mônica Sakuragui, Wanderley Rodrigues Bastos, Olaf Malm, Emanuel Gloor, John Bharat Miller, and Vincent Gauci. 2018. Erratum: Large emissions from floodplain trees close the Amazon methane budget. Nature 553, 7688 (January 2018), 366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Michael Kaschke, Karl-Heinz Donnerhacke, and Michael Stefan Rill. 2014. Optical Devices in Ophthalmology and Optometry. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Kirsten Hutchison and Tricia McCann (Eds.). 2015. Somebody Knows, Somebody Cares: Reengaging Students through Relationship. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Alexander Dountchev, Momchil Panayotov, Nickolay Tsvetanov, Petar Zhelev, and Stefan Yurukov. 2016. Consequences of Non-intervention Management for the Development of Subalpine Spruce Forests in Bulgaria. In Sustainable Mountain Regions: Challenges and Perspectives in Southeastern Europe, Boian Koulov and Georgi Zhelezov (eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 67–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Applied Perception.

Blog post
Stephen Luntz. 2016. Antarctic Ozone Layer Shows Early Signs Of Healing. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. University Research: Policies for the Reimbursement of Indirect Costs Need to Be Updated. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pearl Kim Hong. 2013. Stomach cancer diet education and screening awareness in East Asian American women. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
ADAM LIPTAK; Janet Roberts contributed reporting for this series. Research was contributed by Jack Styczynski, Linda Amster, Donna Anderson, Jack Begg, Alain Delaquérière, Sandra Jamison, Toby Lyles, and Carolyn Wilder. 2005. Serving Life, With No Chance of Redemption. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Applied Perception
AbbreviationACM Trans. Appl. Percept.
ISSN (print)1544-3558
ISSN (online)1544-3965
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Theoretical Computer Science
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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