How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Applied Perception citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Applied Perception (TAP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Henrik Ehrsson. 2007. The experimental induction of out-of-body experiences. Science 317, 5841 (August 2007), 1048.
A journal article with 2 authors
Samuel Tozer and Xavier Morin. 2014. Neuroscience. Young neurons sever ties to the parental niche. Science 343, 6167 (January 2014), 146–147.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eric D. Green, James D. Watson, and Francis S. Collins. 2015. Human Genome Project: Twenty-five years of big biology. Nature 526, 7571 (October 2015), 29–31.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. J. Hansen, M. Bourke, N. T. Bridges, S. Byrne, C. Colon, S. Diniega, C. Dundas, K. Herkenhoff, A. McEwen, M. Mellon, G. Portyankina, and N. Thomas. 2011. Seasonal erosion and restoration of Mars’ northern polar dunes. Science 331, 6017 (February 2011), 575–578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maria Cross and Barbara MacDonald. 2008. Nutrition in Institutions. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Laslo Pancel and Michael Köhl (Eds.). 2016. Tropical Forestry Handbook (2nd ed. 2016 ed.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mehmet Tevfik Dorak and Yusuf Yazici. 2014. Biomarkers, Genetic Association, and Genomic Studies. In Understanding Evidence-Based Rheumatology: A Guide to Interpreting Criteria, Drugs, Trials, Registries, and Ethics, Hasan Yazici, Yusuf Yazici and Emmanuel Lesaffre (eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 79–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Applied Perception.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Tiny implanted sensor and your smartphone could help prevent blindness. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Results Act: Using Agency Performance Plans to Oversee Early Childhood Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ronald Timothy Allen. 2014. Exploring the Lived Experiences of Program Managers Regarding an Automated Logistics Environment. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mary Billard. 2013. Embracing Change, Quietly. New York Times, E11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Applied Perception
AbbreviationACM Trans. Appl. Percept.
ISSN (print)1544-3558
ISSN (online)1544-3965
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Theoretical Computer Science
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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