How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Applied Perception citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Applied Perception (TAP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
John M. Pandolfi. 2015. Ecology: Deep and complex ways to survive bleaching. Nature 518, 7537 (February 2015), 43–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Suphansa Sawamiphak and Didier Y. R. Stainier. 2014. Developmental biology: It takes muscle to make blood cells. Nature 512, 7514 (August 2014), 257–258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shino Nemoto, Maria M. Fergusson, and Toren Finkel. 2004. Nutrient availability regulates SIRT1 through a forkhead-dependent pathway. Science 306, 5704 (December 2004), 2105–2108.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. R. R. Verlet, A. E. Bragg, A. Kammrath, O. Cheshnovsky, and D. M. Neumark. 2005. Observation of large water-cluster anions with surface-bound excess electrons. Science 307, 5706 (January 2005), 93–96.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Werner Funk, Vera Dammann, Gerhild Donnevert, Sarah Ianelli, Eric Ianelli, and Ann Gray. 2006. Quality Assurance in Analytical Chemistry. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Rachid Guerraoui and Paolo Romano (Eds.). 2015. Transactional Memory. Foundations, Algorithms, Tools, and Applications: COST Action Euro-TM IC1001. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ryszard Kozera, Lyle Noakes, and Piotr Szmielew. 2014. Length Estimation for Exponential Parameterization and ε-Uniform Samplings. In Image and Video Technology – PSIVT 2013 Workshops: GCCV 2013, GPID 2013, PAESNPR 2013, and QACIVA 2013, Guanajuato, Mexico, October 28-29, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Fay Huang and Akihiro Sugimoto (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 33–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Applied Perception.

Blog post
Ben Taub. 2017. Women May Find Cocaine More Addictive When Their Estrogen Levels Are High. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Federal Research: Preliminary Information on the Small Business Technology Transfer Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arjun B. Prasad. 2010. Analyzing comparative sequence data to understand genome function and evolution. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mitch Smith, Monica Davey, and Alan Blinder. 2016. Random Shots on a Deadly Night for Kalamazoo. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Applied Perception
AbbreviationACM Trans. Appl. Percept.
ISSN (print)1544-3558
ISSN (online)1544-3965
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Theoretical Computer Science
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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