How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Applied Perception citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Applied Perception (TAP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eric R. Weeks. 2012. Materials science. Melting colloidal crystals from the inside out. Science 338, 6103 (October 2012), 55–56.
A journal article with 2 authors
Andriy Marusyk and Kornelia Polyak. 2013. Cancer. Cancer cell phenotypes, in fifty shades of grey. Science 339, 6119 (February 2013), 528–529.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. E. Filchak, J. B. Roethele, and J. L. Feder. 2000. Natural selection and sympatric divergence in the apple maggot Rhagoletis pomonella. Nature 407, 6805 (October 2000), 739–742.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Haowen Ruan, Mooseok Jang, Benjamin Judkewitz, and Changhuei Yang. 2014. Iterative time-reversed ultrasonically encoded light focusing in backscattering mode. Sci. Rep. 4, (November 2014), 7156.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Michael Kaschke, Karl-Heinz Donnerhacke, and Michael Stefan Rill. 2014. Optical Devices in Ophthalmology and Optometry. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Peter Speth, Michael Christoph, and Bernd Diekkrüger (Eds.). 2010. Impacts of Global Change on the Hydrological Cycle in West and Northwest Africa. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Jerome Faist, Thierry Aellen, Tobias Gresch, Mattias Beck, and Marcella Giovannini. 2008. Progress in Quantum Cascade Lasers. In Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, Majid Ebrahim-Zadeh and Irina T. Sorokina (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 171–192.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Applied Perception.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. After 400 Years, Mathematicians Find A New Class Of Solid Shapes. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Strategic Bombers: B-2 Program Status and Current Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amanda J. Thompson. 2003. Textiles as Indicators of Hopewellian Culture Burial Practices. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. 2006. Arts, Briefly; Home-Grown Films Are Booming in Russia. New York Times, E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Applied Perception
AbbreviationACM Trans. Appl. Percept.
ISSN (print)1544-3558
ISSN (online)1544-3965
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Theoretical Computer Science
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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