How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Algorithms citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
David Carlson. 2011. A lesson in sharing. Nature 469, 7330 (January 2011), 293.
A journal article with 2 authors
Veronica Sanchez and Deborah H. Spector. 2002. Virology. CMV makes a timely exit. Science 297, 5582 (August 2002), 778–779.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams. 2011. Microresonator-based optical frequency combs. Science 332, 6029 (April 2011), 555–559.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eiji Kakazu, Yasuteru Kondo, Takayuki Kogure, Masashi Ninomiya, Osamu Kimura, Yoshiyuki Ueno, and Tooru Shimosegawa. 2013. Plasma amino acids imbalance in cirrhotic patients disturbs the tricarboxylic acid cycle of dendritic cell. Sci. Rep. 3, (December 2013), 3459.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anthony Morton, Kerrie Mengersen, Michael Whitby, and Geoffrey Playford. 2013. Statistical Methods for Hospital Monitoring with R. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Matthias Becker and Janet Davis (Eds.). 2008. Surgical Management of Inflammatory Eye Disease. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Petra Marschner and Zdenko Rengel. 2004. Contributions of Rhizosphere Interactions to Soil Biological Fertility. In Soil Biological Fertility: A Key to Sustainable Land Use in Agriculture, Lynette K. Abbott and Daniel V. Murphy (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 81–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Algorithms.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2016. Madagascar’s Unique ‘Spiny Forest’ Is Fast Being Turned Into Charcoal. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Delayed-Baggage Trends and Options for Compensating Passengers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eric J. Copeland. 2010. A grant proposal for individuals with severe mental illness. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Susan Hodara. 2016. While Others Sleep, They Make Art. New York Times, WE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Algorithms
AbbreviationACM Trans. Algorithms
ISSN (print)1549-6325
ISSN (online)1549-6333

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