What is an appendix in a paper
Definition of an appendix
The appendix of a paper consists of supporting information for the research that is not necessary to include in the text. This section provides further insight into the topic of research but happens to be too complex or too broad to add to the body of the paper. A paper can have more than one appendix, as it is recommended to divide them according to topic.
What type of information includes an appendix?
As stated before, an appendix is information that further illustrates the research topic. Therefore, this information can take many types of forms. Here are some examples:
Surveys. Since many researchers base their methodology on surveys, these are commonly found attached as appendices. Surveys must be included exactly as they were presented to the respondents, and exactly how they were answered so the reader can get a real picture of the findings.
Interviews. Whether it’s a transcript or a recording, interviews are usually included as an appendix. The list of questions and the real answers must be presented for complete transparency.
Correspondence. All types of communication with collaborators regarding the research should be included as an appendix. These can be emails, text messages, letters, transcripts of audio messages, etc.
Research tools. Any instrument used to perform the research should be acknowledged in an appendix to give the reader insight into the process. For instance, audio recorders, cameras, special software, etc.
Non-textual items. If the research includes too many graphs, tables, figures, illustrations, photos or charts, these should be added as an appendix.
Statistical data. When raw data is too long, it should be attached to the research as an appendix. Even if only one part of the data was used, the complete data must be given.
Format of an appendix
If you are preparing an appendix, here are some tips to write one. As always, for detailed information consult the guidelines of the citation format in use.
- Appendices should be divided by topic or by set of data.
- Appendices are included in the table of contents.
- The most common heading for an appendix is “Appendix A or 1, centered, in bold, followed by a title describing its content.
- An appendix should be located before or after the list of references.
- Each appendix should start in a new page.
- Each page includes a page number.
- Appendices follow a sequential order, meaning they appear in the order in which they are referred to throughout the paper.
Frequently Asked Questions about appendices in papers
Where should I add an appendix to my paper?
An appendix is usually added before or after the list of references.
How long can an appendix be?
There is no specific space limit to an appendix but make sure to consult the guidelines of the citation format you are using.
What title do I give to an appendix?
The most common heading for an appendix is “Appendix A or 1, centered, in bold, followed by a title describing its content.
Should I include the title of the appendix in the index?
Yes, all appendices must be included in the table of contents.
What type of information is included in an appendix?
Appendices feature different types of material, for instance interviews, research tools, surveys, raw statistical data, etc.