How to format your references using the Weather and Forecasting citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Weather and Forecasting. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chicurel, M., 2002: Bioinformatics: bringing it all together. Nature, 419, 751, 753, 755 passim.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bartek, J., and J. Lukas, 2006: Cell biology. Balancing life-or-death decisions. Science, 314, 261–262.
A journal article with 3 authors
van den Engh, G., P. Nelson, and J. Roach, 2000: Numismatic gyrations. Nature, 408, 540.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Strom, R. G., R. Malhotra, T. Ito, F. Yoshida, and D. A. Kring, 2005: The origin of planetary impactors in the inner solar system. Science, 309, 1847–1850.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ginena, K., and A. Hamid, 2015: Foundations of Sharī‘ah Governance of Islamic Banks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Leeuw, J. de, and E. Meijer, eds., 2008: Handbook of Multilevel Analysis. Springer, XIV, 494 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Jones, C. B., 2007: Understanding Programming Language Concepts Via Operational Semantics. Domain Modeling and the Duration Calculus: International Training School, Shanghai, China, September 17-21. 2007, Advanced Lectures, C.W. George, Z. Liu, and J. Woodcock, Eds., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 177–235.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Weather and Forecasting.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2014: Watch Baby Spiders “Explode” From Mother During Fight. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993: Mass Transit: Needs Projections Could Better Reflect Future Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nunez, F. V., 2010: A study of the application of the concepts of Karen Horney in leadership development within the National Management Association of the Boeing Company. Pepperdine University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2007: In a Hospital Stay, No Time to Rest. New York Times, August 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chicurel 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Chicurel 2002; Bartek and Lukas 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bartek and Lukas 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Strom et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleWeather and Forecasting
AbbreviationWeather Forecast.
ISSN (print)0882-8156
ISSN (online)1520-0434
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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