How to format your references using the Weather and Forecasting citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Weather and Forecasting. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibson, S., 2009: Journal club. An organic chemist highlights an ingenious way to make radiotracers. Nature, 457, 515.
A journal article with 2 authors
Droser, M. L., and J. G. Gehling, 2012: Paleontology. Old and groovy. Science, 336, 1646–1647.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martin, A. C., M. Kaschube, and E. F. Wieschaus, 2009: Pulsed contractions of an actin-myosin network drive apical constriction. Nature, 457, 495–499.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Xia, H., D. Zhu, Z. Luo, Y. Yu, X. Shi, G. Yuan, and J. Xie, 2013: Hierarchically structured Co₃O₄@Pt@MnO₂ nanowire arrays for high-performance supercapacitors. Sci. Rep., 3, 2978.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Todinov, M. T., 2005: Reliability and Risk Models. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Hsu, S., and Y.-Y. Wu, eds., 2015: Education as Cultivation in Chinese Culture. Springer, VIII, 288 p. 20 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Leal Filho, W., and M. Kovaleva, 2015: Methods of Food Waste Reduction. Food Waste and Sustainable Food Waste Management in the Baltic Sea Region, M. Kovaleva, Ed., Environmental Science and Engineering, Springer International Publishing, 51–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Weather and Forecasting.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014: The Strangest Animals You’ve Never Heard Of. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006: Higher Education: School’s Use of the Antitrust Exemption Has Not Significantly Affected College Affordability or Likelihood of Student Enrollment to Date. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ringler, I., 2008: Values satisfaction and participation in a community leadership program: A case study. University of Phoenix, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M. S., 2017: In a Private Dinner, Trump Demanded Loyalty. Comey Demurred. New York Times, May 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gibson 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Gibson 2009; Droser and Gehling 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Droser and Gehling 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Xia et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleWeather and Forecasting
AbbreviationWeather Forecast.
ISSN (print)0882-8156
ISSN (online)1520-0434
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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