How to format your references using the Weather and Forecasting citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Weather and Forecasting. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tsukamoto, K., 2006: Oceanic biology: spawning of eels near a seamount. Nature, 439, 929.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prins, G., and S. Rayner, 2007: Time to ditch Kyoto. Nature, 449, 973–975.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lacetera, N., M. Macis, and R. Slonim, 2013: Public health. Economic rewards to motivate blood donations. Science, 340, 927–928.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Si, Q., S. Rabello, K. Ingersent, and J. L. Smith, 2001: Locally critical quantum phase transitions in strongly correlated metals. Nature, 413, 804–808.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tiwari, A., R. A. Gerhardt, and M. Szutkowska, 2016: Advanced Ceramic Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Frank, U., P. Loucopoulos, Ó. Pastor, and I. Petrounias, eds., 2014: The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: 7th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference, PoEM 2014, Manchester, UK, November 12-13, 2014. Proceedings. Springer, X, 283 p. 91 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, B., X. Yang, and L. Kong, 2015: Classification of the Infectious Diseases. Radiology of Infectious Diseases: Volume 1, H. Li, Ed., Springer Netherlands, 29–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Weather and Forecasting.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014: Study Finds Gamers Are Better Learners. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005: NASA: Implementing a Knowledge-Based Acquisition Framework Could Lead to Better Investment Decisions and Project Outcomes. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abedin, G., 2010: Exploring the potential of art-based education for adolescents with learning disabilities: A case study of engagement in learning through the arts. University of Maryland, College Park, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, M., and J. Markoff, 2016: At Heart of U.S. Strategy, Weapons That Can Think. New York Times, October 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tsukamoto 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Tsukamoto 2006; Prins and Rayner 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prins and Rayner 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Si et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleWeather and Forecasting
AbbreviationWeather Forecast.
ISSN (print)0882-8156
ISSN (online)1520-0434
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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