How to format your references using the Weather and Forecasting citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Weather and Forecasting. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glabe, C., 2006: Biomedicine. Avoiding collateral damage in Alzheimer’s disease treatment. Science, 314, 602–603.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peters, D. H., and G. Bloom, 2012: Developing world: Bring order to unregulated health markets. Nature, 487, 163–165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Körtner, G., R. M. Brigham, and F. Geiser, 2000: Winter torpor in a large bird. Nature, 407, 318.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Wang, L., D. He, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Hu, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, 2014: Yb/Er co-doped phosphate all-solid single-mode photonic crystal fiber. Sci. Rep., 4, 6139.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safari, M., M. Ariff, and S. Mohamad, 2014: Sukuk Securities. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore,.
An edited book
Ikeda, S., 2015: A New Direction in Mathematics for Materials Science. M. Kotani, Ed. Springer Japan, Tokyo, X, 86 p. 38 illus., 4 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Van Breussegem, T., and M. Steyaert, 2013: Control of Fully Integrated Capacitive Converters. CMOS Integrated Capacitive DC-DC Converters, M. Steyaert, Ed., Springer, New York, NY, 111–139.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Weather and Forecasting.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015: This Exoskeleton Allows Paralyzed People To Walk. IFLScience,.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998: Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Updated Status of Department of Education’s Information Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Siczek, M. M., 2014: Negotiating Socioacademic Space: The Lived Experience of International Second-Language Students in a Mainstream First-year Writing Course. George Washington University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., 2017: Rising Saudi Prince, 31, Advances to One Step From the Throne. New York Times, June 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Glabe 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Glabe 2006; Peters and Bloom 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peters and Bloom 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWeather and Forecasting
AbbreviationWeather Forecast.
ISSN (print)0882-8156
ISSN (online)1520-0434
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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