How to format your references using the Weather and Forecasting citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Weather and Forecasting. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meier, R. P., 2000: Diminishing diversity of signed languages. Science, 288, 1965b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, J., and S. Gottesman, 2014: RNA. Riboswitch regulates RNA. Science, 345, 876–877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moellering, E. R., B. Muthan, and C. Benning, 2010: Freezing tolerance in plants requires lipid remodeling at the outer chloroplast membrane. Science, 330, 226–228.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Walther, D. J., J.-U. Peter, S. Bashammakh, H. Hörtnagl, M. Voits, H. Fink, and M. Bader, 2003: Synthesis of serotonin by a second tryptophan hydroxylase isoform. Science, 299, 76.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cornier, J., A. Owen, A. Kwade, and M. Van de Voorde, 2017: Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology: Innovation and Production. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA,.
An edited book
Sergi, A., 2016: ’Ndrangheta: The Glocal Dimensions of the Most Powerful Italian Mafia. A. Lavorgna, Ed. Springer International Publishing, IX, 122 p. 1 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhattarai, B. P., 2012: Distribution and Diversity of Storks in the Adjoining Areas of Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Himalayan Biodiversity in the Changing World, P. Kindlmann, Ed., Springer Netherlands, 97–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Weather and Forecasting.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014: What Would Happen If You Fell Into a Black Hole? IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009: Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2009 Expenditure Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kopaygorodsky, E., 2001: Mathematical Model of Ultra-Rapid PSA. University of Cincinnati, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2012: Linking History and Fortunes of a City and a Team. New York Times, October 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meier 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Meier 2000; Chen and Gottesman 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Gottesman 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Walther et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleWeather and Forecasting
AbbreviationWeather Forecast.
ISSN (print)0882-8156
ISSN (online)1520-0434
ScopeAtmospheric Science

Other styles