How to format your references using the Weather and Forecasting citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Weather and Forecasting. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Horvitz, H. R., 2005: Obituary: Stanley J. Korsmeyer (1950-2005). Nature, 435, 161.
A journal article with 2 authors
Linkenhoker, B. A., and E. I. Knudsen, 2002: Incremental training increases the plasticity of the auditory space map in adult barn owls. Nature, 419, 293–296.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonifacio, P., M. Limongi, and A. Chieffi, 2003: Astrophysics: How did the metals in a giant star originate? Nature, 422, 834.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Ferguson, N. M., C. Fraser, C. A. Donnelly, A. C. Ghani, and R. M. Anderson, 2004: Public health. Public health risk from the avian H5N1 influenza epidemic. Science, 304, 968–969.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yu, J., and D. Tao, 2013: Modern Machine Learning Techniques and Their Applications in Cartoon Animation Research. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Zajda, J., K. Freeman, M. Geo-Jaja, S. Majhanovic, V. Rust, and R. Zajda, eds., 2005: International Handbook on Globalisation, Education and Policy Research: Global Pedagogies and Policies. Springer Netherlands, XLIV, 828 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Casanovas, P., and J. Zeleznikow, 2014: Online Dispute Resolution and Models of Relational Law and Justice: A Table of Ethical Principles. AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems: AICOL 2013 International Workshops, AICOL-IV@IVR, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, July 21-27, 2013 and AICOL-V@SINTELNET-JURIX, Bologna, Italy, December 11, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, P. Casanovas, U. Pagallo, M. Palmirani, and G. Sartor, Eds., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 54–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Weather and Forecasting.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017: What Makes An Animal Clever? Research Shows Intelligence Is not Just About Using Tools. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997: Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Time Is Running Out for Federal Agencies to Prepare for the New Millennium. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adetunji, O. O., 2008: The Nature of Electronic States in Conducting Polymer Nano-Networks. Ohio State University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M., 2017: Remarks Draw Backlash That Unites a Normally Fractious News Media. New York Times, June 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Horvitz 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Horvitz 2005; Linkenhoker and Knudsen 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Linkenhoker and Knudsen 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ferguson et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleWeather and Forecasting
AbbreviationWeather Forecast.
ISSN (print)0882-8156
ISSN (online)1520-0434
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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