How to format your references using the Water Quality, Exposure and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Quality, Exposure and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glasby GP (2000) ECONOMIC GEOLOGY: Lessons Learned from Deep-Sea Mining. Science 289:551–553
A journal article with 2 authors
Katz A, Davis ME (2000) Molecular imprinting of bulk, microporous silica. Nature 403:286–289
A journal article with 3 authors
Griffith S, Goldwater D, Jacobson JM (2005) Robotics: self-replication from random parts. Nature 437:636
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Matsuo T, Yamaguchi S, Mitsui S, et al (2003) Control mechanism of the circadian clock for timing of cell division in vivo. Science 302:255–259

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pagliaro M (2010) Nano-Age. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Patil GP (2011) Composite Sampling: A Novel Method to Accomplish Observational Economy in Environmental Studies. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Barnabas RV, Duerr AC, Wasserheit JN (2009) HIV/AIDS Vaccine Research. In: Celentano DD, Beyrer C (eds) Public Health Aspects of HIV/AIDS in Low and Middle Income Countries: Epidemiology, Prevention and Care. Springer, New York, NY, pp 85–114

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Quality, Exposure and Health.

Blog post
Felton J (2017) Flat-Earther Confronts NASA Scientist In Starbucks, Scientist Reacts Brilliantly. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Challenges Still Facing the U.S. Postal Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choi KK (2010) Conspiracy and alternative crimes in the Military Commissions Act of 2009: Is There a Way Out? Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Mets Catch a Break, Then Catch Fire, to Defeat the Braves on Opening Day. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Glasby 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Katz and Davis 2000; Glasby 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Katz and Davis 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsuo et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Quality, Exposure and Health
ISSN (print)1876-1658
ISSN (online)1876-1666
Scope

Other styles