How to format your references using the Water Quality, Exposure and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Quality, Exposure and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Soled S (2015) CATALYSIS. Silica-supported catalysts get a new breath of life. Science 350:1171–1172
A journal article with 2 authors
Noudoost B, Moore T (2011) Control of visual cortical signals by prefrontal dopamine. Nature 474:372–375
A journal article with 3 authors
Bence NF, Sampat RM, Kopito RR (2001) Impairment of the ubiquitin-proteasome system by protein aggregation. Science 292:1552–1555
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tian F, Toon OB, Pavlov AA, De Sterck H (2005) A hydrogen-rich early Earth atmosphere. Science 308:1014–1017

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tyson H (2010) Microsoft® Word 2010 Bible. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rodrigues ER (2013) Applications of Discrete-time Markov Chains and Poisson Processes to Air Pollution Modeling and Studies. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Pang Z, Wu X, Xu L (2012) A Comparative Study of RPCL and MCE Based Discriminative Training Methods for LVCSR. In: Zhang Y, Zhou Z-H, Zhang C, Li Y (eds) Intelligent Science and Intelligent Data Engineering: Second Sino-foreign-interchange Workshop, IScIDE 2011, Xi’an, China, October 23-25, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 27–34

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Quality, Exposure and Health.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) NASA’s Juno Spacecraft Captures The First Stunning Views Of Jupiter’s Poles. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasa-juno-spacecraft-captures-first-stunning-views-of-jupiters-poles/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Need for Improvements in the Automated Payroll System of the Department of Housing and Urban Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sener AC (2009) Uncertainty analysis of geothermal energy economics. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bray C (2016) London Bank’s U.S. Bargain Is Imperiled by New Claims. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Soled 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Noudoost and Moore 2011; Soled 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Noudoost and Moore 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Tian et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Quality, Exposure and Health
ISSN (print)1876-1658
ISSN (online)1876-1666
Scope

Other styles