How to format your references using the Water International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greengard, P. (2001). The neurobiology of slow synaptic transmission. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5544), 1024–1030.
A journal article with 2 authors
Daw, R., & Tonzani, S. (2009). Biomaterials. Nature, 462(7272), 425.
A journal article with 3 authors
Truog, R. D., Kesselheim, A. S., & Joffe, S. (2012). Research ethics. Paying patients for their tissue: the legacy of Henrietta Lacks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6090), 37–38.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ourjoumtsev, A., Tualle-Brouri, R., Laurat, J., & Grangier, P. (2006). Generating optical Schrödinger kittens for quantum information processing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5770), 83–86.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harris, J. (2013). The Utopian Globalists. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Natarajan, S. (2014). Boosted Statistical Relational Learners: From Benchmarks to Data-Driven Medicine (K. Kersting, T. Khot, & J. Shavlik, Eds.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hankela, E. (2016). “It’s Only the Glass Door, Which Breaks Every Day.” Layered Politics of (Dis)Order at the Central Methodist Mission. In M. Wilhelm-Solomon, L. Núñez, P. Kankonde Bukasa, & B. Malcomess (Eds.), Routes and Rites to the City: Mobility, Diversity and Religious Space in Johannesburg (pp. 91–115). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water International.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 17). Jumbled Arrangement Of Atoms Allows Bulk Metallic Glasses To Flow Like Honey. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Supplemental Student Loans: Who Are the Largest Lenders? (HRD-90-72FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farnham, R. B. (2012). Processing and inpainting of sparse data as applied to atomic force microscopy imaging [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, May 6). Sealed Since ’88, A Condo Garage May Soon See Some Daylight. New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greengard, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Daw & Tonzani, 2009; Greengard, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Daw & Tonzani, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Truog et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ourjoumtsev et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater International
AbbreviationWater Int.
ISSN (print)0250-8060
ISSN (online)1941-1707
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology

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