How to format your references using the Vehicle System Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vehicle System Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smith C. Drug target validation: Hitting the target. Nature. 2003;422:341, 343, 345 passim.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Park Y, Kuroda MI. Epigenetic aspects of X-chromosome dosage compensation. Science. 2001;293:1083–1085.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Rastogi D, Suzuki M, Greally JM. Differential epigenome-wide DNA methylation patterns in childhood obesity-associated asthma. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2164.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Vogeley L, Sineshchekov OA, Trivedi VD, et al. Anabaena sensory rhodopsin: a photochromic color sensor at 2.0 A. Science. 2004;306:1390–1393.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Barnett JE, Johnson WB. Ethics Desk Reference for Counselors. Alexandria, VA, USA: American Counseling Association; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Patrick PG. Zoo Talk. Dale Tunnicliffe S, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ligtvoet A, Herder PM. Simulation and Gaming for Understanding the Complexity of Cooperation in Industrial Networks. In: Hammami O, Krob D, Voirin J-L, editors. Complex Systems Design & Management: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Complex Systems Design & Management CSDM 2011. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 81–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vehicle System Dynamics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Herd Immunity And Measles: Why We Should Aim For 100% Vaccination Coverage [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/herd-immunity-and-measles-why-we-should-aim-100-vaccination-coverage/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Drug Regulation: FDA’s Computer Systems Need To Be Better Managed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986. Report No.: IMTEC-86-32. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Grefe SE. Plasmonic and topological insulator nanostructures and metamaterials nanoscale near-field investigations: Experiment and theory [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Pilon M. Because Curlers Can Pull Muscles, Too. New York Times. 2014 Feb 14;B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVehicle System Dynamics
AbbreviationVeh. Syst. Dyn.
ISSN (print)0042-3114
ISSN (online)1744-5159
ScopeAutomotive Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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