How to format your references using the Vehicle System Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vehicle System Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smith DC. Marine biology. Expansion of the marine Archaea. Science. 2001;293:56–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Brongersma ML, Shalaev VM. Applied physics. The case for plasmonics. Science. 2010;328:440–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Marangon DG, Vallone G, Villoresi P. Random bits, true and unbiased, from atmospheric turbulence. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:5490.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Dillehay TD, Ramírez C, Pino M, et al. Monte Verde: seaweed, food, medicine, and the peopling of South America. Science. 2008;320:784–786.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
McMaster MC. Buying and Selling Laboratory Instruments. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Cheng MMH, So WWM, editors. Science Education in International Contexts. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Zhang D. Chinese Primary School English Curriculum Reform. In: Ruan J, Leung CB, editors. Perspectives on Teaching and Learning English Literacy in China. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vehicle System Dynamics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Spy-Cam Rhinos To Take On Poachers With Devices Hidden In Their Horns [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/spy-cam-rhinos-take-poachers-devices-hidden-their-horns/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Survey of Large- and Medium-Hub Airports on Existing and Planned Bus and Rail Connections, an E-supplement to GAO-05-727. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005. Report No.: GAO-05-738SP. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Pulido BB. Homes as grounding counterspaces: Mexicana undocumented students utilizing mother-daughter pedagogies of resistance to succeed in higher education [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kanter J. With Dutch Vote, E.U. Free-Trade Deal With Ukraine Nears Final Approval. New York Times. 2017 May 30;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVehicle System Dynamics
AbbreviationVeh. Syst. Dyn.
ISSN (print)0042-3114
ISSN (online)1744-5159
ScopeAutomotive Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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