How to format your references using the Vehicle System Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vehicle System Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Sydnes LK. Policy: Update the Chemical Weapons Convention. Nature. 2013;496:25–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Stuiver MH, Custers JH. Engineering disease resistance in plants. Nature. 2001;411:865–868.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Messer H, Zinevich A, Alpert P. Environmental monitoring by wireless communication networks. Science. 2006;312:713.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Fremeau RT Jr, Kam K, Qureshi T, et al. Vesicular glutamate transporters 1 and 2 target to functionally distinct synaptic release sites. Science. 2004;304:1815–1819.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Burgess M. Analytical Network and System Administration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Hanson D. The Coming Robot Revolution: Expectations and Fears About Emerging Intelligent, Humanlike Machines. Bar-Cohen Y, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Chiou A, Wong KW. Auto-explanation System: Player Satisfaction in Strategy-Based Board Games. In: Nakatsu R, Tosa N, Naghdy F, et al., editors. Cultural Computing: Second IFIP TC 14 Entertainment Computing Symposium, ECS 2010, Held as Part of WCC 2010, Brisbane, Australia, September 20-23, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 46–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vehicle System Dynamics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Ice ‘Lightning’ May Have Helped Life Survive Snowball Earth [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/ice-lightning-may-have-helped-life-survive-snowball-earth/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highway Research: Systematic Selection and Evaluation Processes Needed for Research Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002. Report No.: GAO-02-573. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Del Cid EJ. Services for immigrant families with children in the child welfare system: A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Bosman J, Harmon A, Hauser C, et al. Friends and Relatives Share Memories About the Las Vegas Shooting Victims. New York Times. 2017 Oct 2;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVehicle System Dynamics
AbbreviationVeh. Syst. Dyn.
ISSN (print)0042-3114
ISSN (online)1744-5159
ScopeAutomotive Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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