How to format your references using the Tzu Chi Medical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tzu Chi Medical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Danielson D. Scientist’s birthright. Nature 2001;410:1031.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Coulson T, Clegg S. Population biology: fur seals signal their own decline. Nature 2014;511:414–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Parker HJ, Bronner ME, Krumlauf R. A Hox regulatory network of hindbrain segmentation is conserved to the base of vertebrates. Nature 2014;514:490–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Salehi-Ashtiani K, Lupták A, Litovchick A, Szostak JW. A genomewide search for ribozymes reveals an HDV-like sequence in the human CPEB3 gene. Science 2006;313:1788–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Marsh N. Forensic Photography. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Salzberg SL, Warnow T, editors. Algorithms in Bioinformatics: 9th International Workshop, WABI 2009, Philadelphia, PA, USA, September 12-13, 2009. Proceedings. vol. 5724. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Jargalsaikhan L. Long-Term Study of the Relationship Between Precipitation and Productivity in the Main Pasture Vegetation of a Steppe Ecosystem in Eastern Mongolia. In: Yamamura N, Fujita N, Maekawa A, editors. The Mongolian Ecosystem Network: Environmental Issues Under Climate and Social Changes, Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2013, p. 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tzu Chi Medical Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Scientists Create Artificial Neuron that Functions Like the Real Thing. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: DOD Needs to Improve Process for Ensuring Interoperability of Telecommunications Switches. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Morikawa T. Aerodynamic analysis of an over-the-wing engine-mount aircraft. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Conte L. Scouting Report. New York Times 2011:E7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTzu Chi Medical Journal
AbbreviationTzu Chi Med. J.
ISSN (print)1016-3190
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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