How to format your references using the Tzu Chi Medical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tzu Chi Medical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gilbert N. Regulations: Herbal medicine rule book. Nature 2011;480:S98-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Mossel E, Vigoda E. Phylogenetic MCMC algorithms are misleading on mixtures of trees. Science 2005;309:2207–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Sun Z-D, Takagi K, Matsushima F. Separation and conversion dynamics of four nuclear spin isomers of ethylene. Science 2005;310:1938–41.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Papke RT, Koenig JE, Rodríguez-Valera F, Doolittle WF. Frequent recombination in a saltern population of Halorubrum. Science 2004;306:1928–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Henriksen RN. Scale Invariance. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Qian Z, Cao L, Su W, Wang T, Yang H, editors. Recent Advances in Computer Science and Information Engineering: Volume 3. vol. 126. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Daastøl AM. Austerity Versus Productive Investment: Two Traditions in Capital Formation and Growth. In: Backhaus J, editor. Great Nations at Peril, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 77–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tzu Chi Medical Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Evans K. Can You Really Be Addicted To Love? IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/can-you-really-be-addicted-to-love/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Customs and INS: Information on Inspection, Infrastructure, Traffic Flow, and Security Matters at the Detroit Port of Entry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Henry AG. Plant foods and the dietary ecology of Neandertals and modern humans. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. How Murdoch Became the King of England. New York Times 2017:AR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTzu Chi Medical Journal
AbbreviationTzu Chi Med. J.
ISSN (print)1016-3190
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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