How to format your references using the Tzu Chi Medical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tzu Chi Medical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Farese P. Technology: How to build a low-energy future. Nature 2012;488:275–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Young IM, Crawford JW. Interactions and self-organization in the soil-microbe complex. Science 2004;304:1634–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Oliveira EA, Andrade JS Jr, Makse HA. Large cities are less green. Sci Rep 2014;4:4235.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Maizel A, Busch MA, Tanahashi T, Perkovic J, Kato M, Hasebe M, et al. The floral regulator LEAFY evolves by substitutions in the DNA binding domain. Science 2005;308:260–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Baldwin D, Birkett J, Facey O, Rabey G. The Forensic Examination and Interpretation of Tool Marks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Pollard AB, Duncan CB, editors. The Black Church Studies Reader. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Spratt JC. When and How to Perform an Antegrade Approach Using a Wire Escalation Technique. In: Rinfret S, editor. Percutaneous Intervention for Coronary Chronic Total Occlusion: The Hybrid Approach, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tzu Chi Medical Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. How A Nasty, Brain-Eating Parasite Could Help Us Fight Cancer. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Department of Energy: Advanced Technology Vehicle Loan Program Implementation Is Under Way, but Enhanced Technical Oversight and Performance Measures Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Mavromati A. One Foot In. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hubbard B. Arab Nations Present Demands to Qatar, Including That It Close Down Al Jazeera. New York Times 2017:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTzu Chi Medical Journal
AbbreviationTzu Chi Med. J.
ISSN (print)1016-3190
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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