How to format your references using the Trends in Cognitive Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Cognitive Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Snyder, S.H. (2005) Obituary: Julius Axelrod (1912-2004). Nature 433, 593
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Wilson, D.R. and Hare, J.F. (2004) Animal communication: ground squirrel uses ultrasonic alarms. Nature 430, 523
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Renata, H. et al. (2013) Strategic redox relay enables a scalable synthesis of ouabagenin, a bioactive cardenolide. Science 339, 59–63
A journal article with 3 or more authors
1
Craven, L. et al. (2010) Pronuclear transfer in human embryos to prevent transmission of mitochondrial DNA disease. Nature 465, 82–85

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Bragg, S.M. (2010) Cost Reduction Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
1
Mayr, E.W., ed. (2016) Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 41st International Workshop, WG 2015, Garching, Germany, June 17-19, 2015, Revised Papers, 9224Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Smyth, J. et al. (2014) Socially Critical Pedagogy of Teaching. In The Socially Just School: Making Space for Youth to Speak Back (Down, B. and McInerney, P., eds), pp. 93–110, Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Cognitive Sciences.

Blog post
1
O`Callaghan, J. 23-Oct-(2015) , 5 Of The Most Earth-Like Planets We’ve Found. , IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office (1990) Issues Related to FAA’s Fiscal Year 1991 Budget Request, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Hooper, K.J. (2017) , Los Angeles School Police Department Arrest Diversion: A Process Evaluation. , Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Pilon, M. 26-Oct-(2012) , Texas School Group Adjusts Schedule Policy. , New York Times, B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Cognitive Sciences
AbbreviationTrends Cogn. Sci.
ISSN (print)1364-6613
ISSN (online)1879-307X
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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