How to format your references using the Trends in Cognitive Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Cognitive Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Smaglik, P. (2005) Making a move on mobility. Nature 435, 709
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Soutoglou, E. and Misteli, T. (2008) Activation of the cellular DNA damage response in the absence of DNA lesions. Science 320, 1507–1510
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Wu, J. et al. (2014) The significance of p40 expression in sclerosing hemangioma of lung. Sci. Rep. 4, 6102
A journal article with 3 or more authors
1
Tuzzolino, A.J. et al. (2004) Dust measurements in the coma of comet 81P/Wild 2 by the Dust Flux Monitor Instrument. Science 304, 1776–1780

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Fredriksson, H. and Åkerlind, U. (2012) Solidification and Crystallization Processing in Metals and Alloys, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
1
Wolf, F. et al., eds. (2013) Euro-Par 2013 Parallel Processing: 19th International Conference, Aachen, Germany, August 26-30, 2013. Proceedings, 8097Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Canfora, G. and Di Penta, M. (2009) Service-Oriented Architectures Testing: A Survey. In Software Engineering: International Summer Schools, ISSSE 2006-2008, Salerno, Italy, Revised Tutorial Lectures (Lucia, A. D. and Ferrucci, F., eds), pp. 78–105, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Cognitive Sciences.

Blog post
1
Davis, J. 06-Dec-(2016) , C-Sections Might Be Altering Human Evolution. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/csections-might-be-altering-human-evolution/. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office (1980) Support Service Contracting at Johnson Space Center Needs Strengthening, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Cornelius, J. (2017) , Five Minute Meditation Used to Impact Workplace Meetings. , Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Leland, W. by J. 23-Aug-(2017) , Silence Is Golden. , New York Times, MB7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Cognitive Sciences
AbbreviationTrends Cogn. Sci.
ISSN (print)1364-6613
ISSN (online)1879-307X
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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