How to format your references using the Trends in Cognitive Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Cognitive Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. (2003) Look, no hands. Nature 424, 583
A journal article with 2 authors
Godley, L.A. and Mondragón, A. (2011) Molecular biology. Preference by exclusion. Science 331, 1017–1018
A journal article with 3 authors
Matzke, M. et al. (2001) RNA: guiding gene silencing. Science 293, 1080–1083
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Su, X. et al. (2010) TAp63 suppresses metastasis through coordinate regulation of Dicer and miRNAs. Nature 467, 986–990

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nicholls, D.L. et al. (2013) Psychoanalytic Thinking in Occupational Therapy, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Prokop, A. (2012) Systems Biology in Biotech & Pharma: A Changing Paradigm, 2Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Cornillon, P.-A. et al. (2015) Fully Nonparametric Short Term Forecasting Electricity Consumption. In Modeling and Stochastic Learning for Forecasting in High Dimensions (Antoniadis, A. et al., eds), pp. 79–93, Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Cognitive Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 07-Oct-(2016) , Alcohol Is One Of The 5 Most Addictive Substances On The Planet. , IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) NSF Review: Review Process for the National Science Foundation’s Science and Engineering Pipeline Study, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Asare, K.B. (2016) , Understanding the Transformational Leadership Practices of Colleges of Education Principals. , Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 04-Aug-(2017) , The Mets Believe Cabrera Could Be a Keeper. , New York Times, B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Cognitive Sciences
AbbreviationTrends Cogn. Sci.
ISSN (print)1364-6613
ISSN (online)1879-307X
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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