How to format your references using the Transplant Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transplant Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.W. Boughman, Divergent sexual selection enhances reproductive isolation in sticklebacks, Nature. 411 (2001) 944–948.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Cisek, J.F. Kalaska, Neural correlates of mental rehearsal in dorsal premotor cortex, Nature. 431 (2004) 993–996.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.M. Sharp, J.C. Rayner, B.H. Hahn, Evolution. Great apes and zoonoses, Science. 340 (2013) 284–286.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V. Pichot, B. Risse, F. Schnell, J. Mory, D. Spitzer, Understanding ultrafine nanodiamond formation using nanostructured explosives, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.V. Hoffman, Organic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2004.
An edited book
D. Gabrys-Barker, ed., Cross-linguistic Influences in Multilingual Language Acquisition, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
D.J. O’Shea, Access to Care, in: S. Loue (Ed.), Mental Health Practitioner’s Guide to HIV/AIDS, Springer, New York, NY, 2013: pp. 69–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transplant Immunology.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, DNA Reveals A New History Of The First Australians, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, ICBM Modernization: Status of the Peacekeeper Rail Garrison Missile System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.Z. David, A Practical Approach for Formation Damage Control in Both Miscible and Immiscible CO2 Gas Flooding in Asphaltenic Crude Systems Using Water Slugs and Injection Parameters, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
H. Cooper, Bush Is Likely to End Term With Iran Issue Unsettled, New York Times. (2008) A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTransplant Immunology
AbbreviationTranspl. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0966-3274
Immunology and Allergy

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