How to format your references using the The Sixties citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Sixties. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Legenstein, Robert. “Computer Science: Nanoscale Connections for Brain-like Circuits.” Nature 521, no. 7550 (May 7, 2015): 37–38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Small, Eric M., and Eric N. Olson. “Pervasive Roles of MicroRNAs in Cardiovascular Biology.” Nature 469, no. 7330 (January 20, 2011): 336–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wara, Michael W., Ana Christina Ravelo, and Margaret L. Delaney. “Permanent El Niño-like Conditions during the Pliocene Warm Period.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309, no. 5735 (July 29, 2005): 758–61.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Stenman, Jan M., Jay Rajagopal, Thomas J. Carroll, Makoto Ishibashi, Jill McMahon, and Andrew P. McMahon. “Canonical Wnt Signaling Regulates Organ-Specific Assembly and Differentiation of CNS Vasculature.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322, no. 5905 (November 21, 2008): 1247–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shelby, Amanda M., and Carolyn M. McKune. Small Animal Anesthesia Techniques. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Ganguly, Sumit, and Ramesh Krishnamurti, eds. Algorithms and Discrete Applied Mathematics: First International Conference, CALDAM 2015, Kanpur, India, February 8-10, 2015. Proceedings. Vol. 8959. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Gamalielsson, Jonas, and Björn Lundell. “On Involvement in Open Standards: How Do Organisations Contribute to W3C Standards Through Editorship?” In Open Source Systems: Integrating Communities: 12th IFIP WG 2.13 International Conference, OSS 2016, Gothenburg, Sweden, May 30 - June 2, 2016, Proceedings, edited by Kevin Crowston, Imed Hammouda, Björn Lundell, Gregorio Robles, Jonas Gamalielsson, and Juho Lindman, 57–70. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Sixties.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Large African Cat Spotted On Vancouver Island.” IFLScience. IFLScience, December 15, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “General Accounting Office Reviews of Federal Environmental Research and Development.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 7, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hurwitz, Bonnie L. “Viral Community Dynamics and Functional Specialization in the Pacific Ocean.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. “Justices, 5-4, Accept No Excuses From Inmate for Mistaken Late Filing of an Appeal.” New York Times, June 15, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Sixties
ISSN (print)1754-1328
ISSN (online)1754-1336
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles