How to format your references using the The Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNab BK. Energy constraints on carnivore diet. Nature. 2000;407(6804):584.
A journal article with 2 authors
Begbie J, Graham A. Integration between the epibranchial placodes and the hindbrain. Science. 2001;294(5542):595-598.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyd R, Gintis H, Bowles S. Coordinated punishment of defectors sustains cooperation and can proliferate when rare. Science. 2010;328(5978):617-620.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Parimi PV, Lu WT, Vodo P, Sridhar S. Photonic crystals: imaging by flat lens using negative refraction. Nature. 2003;426(6965):404.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rémy J-G, Letamendia C. Home Area Networks and IPTV. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Meiners CR. Hardware Based Packet Classification for High Speed Internet Routers. (Liu AX, Torng E, eds.). Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang T, Mathew G, Zhong H, Micheloni R. Modern Hard Disk Drive Systems: Fundamentals and Future Trends. In: Campardo G, Tiziani F, Iaculo M, eds. Memory Mass Storage. Springer; 2011:169-212.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice.

Blog post
Hamilton K. This Is What Happens If You Wear Magnetic Items In An MRI Machine. IFLScience. Published October 6, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education Reform: School-Based Management Results in Changes in Instruction and Budgeting. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gill GJ. The experience of family caregiving of the terminally ill: A phenomenological study. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Tatyana M. Velikanova, 70, Soviet Human Rights Activist. New York Times. October 17, 2002:A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice
AbbreviationJ. Evid. Based. Dent. Pract.
ISSN (print)1532-3382
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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