How to format your references using the The Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Swisher SN. Space station research: details please. Science. 2000;290(5491):453e-454e.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clift PD, Blusztajn J. Reorganization of the western Himalayan river system after five million years ago. Nature. 2005;438(7070):1001-1003.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeng MS, Ng NK, Ng PKL. Feeding behaviour: hydrothermal vent crabs feast on sea “snow.” Nature. 2004;432(7020):969.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Louca D, Park K, Li B, Neuefeind J, Yan J. The hybrid lattice of K(x)Fe(2-y)Se2: where superconductivity and magnetism coexist. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2047.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knudsen S. Cancer Diagnostics with DNA Microarrays. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Lambers H, Ribas-Carbo M, eds. Plant Respiration: From Cell to Ecosystem. Vol 18. Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Ru Y, Eyden B. Lymphoma and Leukaemia. In: Banerjee SS, Ru Y, Liberski P, eds. The Ultrastructure of Human Tumours: Applications in Diagnosis and Research. Springer; 2013:363-490.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice.

Blog post
Hale T. What Would Happen If Earth Stopped Spinning? IFLScience. Published July 1, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Opportunities for Improving Computer Use in the Bureau of the Mint. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ravilla S. Correlation between Diabetes and Periodontitis. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly JL. Preserving Our Relevance. New York Times. September 4, 1972:SPORTS14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice
AbbreviationJ. Evid. Based. Dent. Pract.
ISSN (print)1532-3382
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles