How to format your references using the The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Eisenstein M. Big data: The power of petabytes. Nature. 2015;527(7576):S2-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Mogilner A, Oster G. Cell biology. Shrinking gels pull cells. Science. 2003;302(5649):1340-1341.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Flores I, Cayuela ML, Blasco MA. Effects of telomerase and telomere length on epidermal stem cell behavior. Science. 2005;309(5738):1253-1256.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Best RB, Zheng W, Borgia A, et al. Comment on “Innovative scattering analysis shows that hydrophobic disordered proteins are expanded in water.” Science. 2018;361(6405).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rimai DS. Patent Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Fathi M, ed. Integration of Practice-Oriented Knowledge Technology: Trends and Prospectives. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zhong Z, Zhang Y, Yang G, Kong Y. GPU-Based Parallel Processing Technology in DPI. In: Cai R, Chen K, Hong L, Yang X, Zhang R, Zou L, eds. Web Technologies and Applications: APWeb 2015 Workshops, BSD, WDMA, and BDAT, Guangzhou, China, September 18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2015:44-53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Energy Department’s Climate Office Banned From Using Phrase “Climate Change.” IFLScience. Published March 30, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/energy-department-climate-office-banned-phrase-climate-change/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: FBI Needs to Complete Business Continuity Plans. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Arab AA. Finite Element Modeling of Pretensioned Concrete Girders: A Methodological Approach with Applications in Large Strands and End Zone Cracking. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Apology Demanded For Latvian Insult. New York Times. December 22, 2004:A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0160-6689
ISSN (online)1555-2101
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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