How to format your references using the The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kidwell SM. Shell composition has no net impact on large-scale evolutionary patterns in mollusks. Science. 2005;307(5711):914-917.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simpkins PG, Kuck VJ. Air entrapment in coatings by way of a tip-streaming meniscus. Nature. 2000;403(6770):641-643.
A journal article with 3 authors
McGuire JJ, Boettcher MS, Jordan TH. Foreshock sequences and short-term earthquake predictability on East Pacific Rise transform faults. Nature. 2005;434(7032):457-461.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Harris RG, Herzog EL, Bruscia EM, Grove JE, Van Arnam JS, Krause DS. Lack of a fusion requirement for development of bone marrow-derived epithelia. Science. 2004;305(5680):90-93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simon L, Ospina J. Closed-Form Solutions for Drug Transport through Controlled-Release Devices in Two and Three Dimensions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Rodríguez JMC, Pérez JB, Golinska P, Giroux S, Corchuelo R, eds. Trends in Practical Applications of Agents and Multiagent Systems: 10th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. Vol 157. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Ihejirika GO. Antifungal Properties of Plant Extract and Density on Some Fungal Diseases and Yield of Cowpea. In: Gurib-Fakim A, Eloff JN, eds. Chemistry for Sustainable Development in Africa. Springer; 2013:69-78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew E. Second Longest Insect In The World Discovered In Vietnam. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. GAO’s Work Relating to the Job Training Partnership Act. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forget MA. Tumor Angiogenesis Is All Tied up in Tie2-Expressing Macrophages. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Gun-Control Case Causes Bush Administration Rift. New York Times. March 17, 2008:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0160-6689
ISSN (online)1555-2101
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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