How to format your references using the The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Podos J. Correlated evolution of morphology and vocal signal structure in Darwin’s finches. Nature. 2001;409(6817):185-188.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Duchek P, Rørth P. Guidance of cell migration by EGF receptor signaling during Drosophila oogenesis. Science. 2001;291(5501):131-133.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Penner JE, Rotstayn LD, Crowley TJ. Indirect aerosol forcing. Science. 2000;290(5491):407a.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Fernández ÁF, Sebti S, Wei Y, et al. Disruption of the beclin 1-BCL2 autophagy regulatory complex promotes longevity in mice. Nature. 2018;558(7708):136-140.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Speight JG, Singh K. Environmental Management of Energy from Biofuels and Biofeedstocks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Herskovic V, Hoppe HU, Jansen M, Ziegler J, eds. Collaboration and Technology: 18th International Conference, CRIWG 2012 Raesfeld, Germany, September 16-19, 2012 Proceedings. Vol 7493. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Li M, Vitányi P. Algorithmic Probability. In: Vitányi P, ed. An Introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and Its Applications. Texts in Computer Science. Springer; 2008:259-338.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Scientists Hit Back At Scottish Ban On Growing GM Crops. IFLScience. Published August 18, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-hit-back-scottish-ban-growing-gm-crops/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Guaranteed Student Loans: Analysis of Student Default Rates at 7,800 Postsecondary Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cacciola JA. A quantitative study on retaining leadership talent within a naval aviation squadron. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gordon MR, Erdbrink T. U.S. Shoots Down Syrian Warplane; Iran Launches Missiles Into Syria. New York Times. June 18, 2017:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0160-6689
ISSN (online)1555-2101
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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