How to format your references using the The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sagan SD. Policy: a call for global nuclear disarmament. Nature. 2012;487(7405):30-32.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wolff S, Dillin A. Cell biology: The stressful influence of microbes. Nature. 2014;508(7496):328-329.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Doi T, Behera SK, Yamagata T. Predictability of the Ningaloo Niño/Niña. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2892.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Baldwin IT, Halitschke R, Paschold A, von Dahl CC, Preston CA. Volatile signaling in plant-plant interactions: “talking trees” in the genomics era. Science. 2006;311(5762):812-815.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Geren RL. Applying the Building Code. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Kohnen W, Weissauer R, eds. Conformal Field Theory, Automorphic Forms and Related Topics: CFT, Heidelberg, September 19-23, 2011. Vol 8. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Romero AJ, Edwards LM, Bauman S, Ritter MK. Risk Factors for Latina Adolescents’ Mental Health and Well-Being. In: Edwards LM, Bauman S, Ritter MK, eds. Preventing Adolescent Depression and Suicide Among Latinas: Resilience Research and Theory. SpringerBriefs in Psychology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014:35-46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. NASA’s Dawn Spacecraft Becomes First To Orbit A Dwarf Planet. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration: Agency Is Taking Steps to Plan for and Train Its Technician Workforce, but a More Strategic Approach Is Warranted. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hawkins SH. Lung CT Radiomics: An Overview of Using Images as Data. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Schwartz J. Climate Change Reroutes a Yukon River in a Geological Instant, Scientists Say. New York Times. April 17, 2017:A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0160-6689
ISSN (online)1555-2101
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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