How to format your references using the The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. The best years of our lives. Nature. 2004;430(6995):121.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sillanpää MA, Hakonen PJ. Optomechanics: Hardware for a quantum network. Nature. 2014;507(7490):45, 47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fox CG, Chadwick WW Jr, Embley RW. Direct observation of a submarine volcanic eruption from a sea-floor instrument caught in a lava flow. Nature. 2001;412(6848):727-729.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dommett E, Coizet V, Blaha CD, et al. How visual stimuli activate dopaminergic neurons at short latency. Science. 2005;307(5714):1476-1479.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kimball R, Ross M. The Kimball Group Reader. Indianapolis, IN, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Dura G, Kambourova V, Simeonova F, eds. Management of Intentional and Accidental Water Pollution. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Vrontou S. The Peripheral Processing of Pleasant Touch in Mice. In: Olausson H, Wessberg J, Morrison I, McGlone F, eds. Affective Touch and the Neurophysiology of CT Afferents. New York, NY: Springer; 2016:69-83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew E. Perfectly Pink Dolphin Looks Like Something From A Fairytale. IFLScience. Published September 11, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Voluntary Consensus Standards: Agencies’ Compliance With the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkinson B. You Got to Pray Just to Make It Today: The Relationship between Disclosure Disconnects, Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Commitment among Atheistic Employees. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly BYMA. For French, Apprehension About Travel to U.S. New York Times. March 13, 2003:W1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0160-6689
ISSN (online)1555-2101
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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