How to format your references using the European Respiratory Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Respiratory Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Breukink E. Cell biology. Lethal traffic jam. Science 2009; 325: 684–685.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Berndt A, Deisseroth K. OPTOGENETICS. Expanding the optogenetics toolkit. Science 2015; 349: 590–591.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Deal RB, Henikoff JG, Henikoff S. Genome-wide kinetics of nucleosome turnover determined by metabolic labeling of histones. Science 2010; 328: 1161–1164.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
1.
Beck P, Gillet P, El Goresy A, Mostefaoui S. Timescales of shock processes in chondritic and martian meteorites. Nature 2005; 435: 1071–1074.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Holzer SM. Statische Beurteilung Historischer Tragwerke. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Luk¿ A. Quantum Aspects of Light Propagation. Perinová V, editor. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Pawley JB. Points, Pixels, and Gray Levels: Digitizing Image Data. In: Pawley JB, editor. Handbook Of Biological Confocal Microscopy Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006. p. 59–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Respiratory Journal.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Explore A Mystery Structure Found At A Stone Age Dump Through This 3D Model [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30].Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/explore-a-mystery-structure-found-at-a-stone-age-dump-through-this-3d-model/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. U.S. and Soviet Bloc Training of Latin American and Caribbean Students: Considerations in Developing Future U.S. Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984 AugReport No.: NSIAD-84-109. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Marquez MC. Manuel Ponce’s “Estrellita” (arranged by Jascha Heifetz): A historical and performance practice guide for the violinist [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Chow AR, Paulson M. ‘The Glass Menagerie’ To Close Early. New York Times 2017; : C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Respiratory Journal
AbbreviationEur. Respir. J.
ISSN (print)0903-1936
ISSN (online)1399-3003
ScopePulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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