How to format your references using the The International Journal of the History of Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of the History of Sport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Killian, Thomas C. “Ultracold Neutral Plasmas.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316, no. 5825 (May 4, 2007): 705–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carter, N. J., and R. A. Cross. “Mechanics of the Kinesin Step.” Nature 435, no. 7040 (May 19, 2005): 308–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coulson, Tim, Jan Lindström, and Peter Cotgreave. “Ecology. Seeking New Recruits.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295, no. 5562 (March 15, 2002): 2023–24.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tang, Zhiyong, Zhenli Zhang, Ying Wang, Sharon C. Glotzer, and Nicholas A. Kotov. “Self-Assembly of CdTe Nanocrystals into Free-Floating Sheets.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314, no. 5797 (October 13, 2006): 274–78.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McPhee, Peter. A Companion to the French Revolution. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2012.
An edited book
Ribes, Ramón. English for Biomedical Scientists. Edited by Palma Iannarelli and Rafael F. Duarte. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Shi, Juwei, Hua Lu, Jiaheng Lu, and Chengxuan Liao. “A Skylining Approach to Optimize Influence and Cost in Location Selection.” In Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 19th International Conference, DASFAA 2014, Bali, Indonesia, April 21-24, 2014. Proceedings, Part II, edited by Sourav S. Bhowmick, Curtis E. Dyreson, Christian S. Jensen, Mong Li Lee, Agus Muliantara, and Bernhard Thalheim, 61–76. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of the History of Sport.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. “The Hydrocarbon Winds of Titan Explained.” IFLScience. IFLScience, June 19, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Reports and Testimony: December 1995.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, January 1, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Larson, Sarah Elizabeth. “A Case of Rational Irrationality: Evidence of Expressive Interest Bias in State e-Commerce Sales and Use Tax Legislation.” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Keith, Susan, and John Oudens. “Half the Fun Is in Getting There.” New York Times, May 28, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of the History of Sport
AbbreviationInt. J. Hist. Sport
ISSN (print)0952-3367
ISSN (online)1743-9035
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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