How to format your references using the The International Journal of the History of Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of the History of Sport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keller, Ursula. “Recent Developments in Compact Ultrafast Lasers.” Nature 424, no. 6950 (August 14, 2003): 831–38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wright, Stephen I., and Spencer C. H. Barrett. “Evolution. The Long-Term Benefits of Self-Rejection.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330, no. 6003 (October 22, 2010): 459–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rowe, Timothy B., Thomas E. Macrini, and Zhe-Xi Luo. “Fossil Evidence on Origin of the Mammalian Brain.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332, no. 6032 (May 20, 2011): 955–57.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tong, W. P., N. R. Tao, Z. B. Wang, J. Lu, and K. Lu. “Nitriding Iron at Lower Temperatures.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299, no. 5607 (January 31, 2003): 686–88.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond, Bridgit. Legal Aspects of Mental Capacity. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
Naccache, David, ed. Cryptography and Security: From Theory to Applications: Essays Dedicated to Jean-Jacques Quisquater on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday. Vol. 6805. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, Xi, Yuping Li, and Conrado Aparicio. “Biofunctional Coatings for Dental Implants.” In Thin Films and Coatings in Biology, edited by Soroush Nazarpour, 105–43. Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of the History of Sport.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. “Grainy Footage Fuels Rumor That Extinct Tasmanian Tiger Lives On.” IFLScience. IFLScience, September 20, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Intermodal Transportation: Challenges to and Potential Strategies for Developing Improved Intermodal Capabilities.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, June 15, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sommer, Adam. “How Experiences Influence and Inform School Principals’ Actions to Further Develop Teachers’ Instructional Practice.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Winerip, Michael, and Michael Schwirtz. “A New York Inmate Dies, and No One Is Punished.” New York Times, December 13, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of the History of Sport
AbbreviationInt. J. Hist. Sport
ISSN (print)0952-3367
ISSN (online)1743-9035
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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