How to format your references using the The International Journal of the History of Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of the History of Sport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christensen, Ulrich R. “A Deep Dynamo Generating Mercury’s Magnetic Field.” Nature 444, no. 7122 (December 21, 2006): 1056–58.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones, Warren, and Ami Klin. “Attention to Eyes Is Present but in Decline in 2-6-Month-Old Infants Later Diagnosed with Autism.” Nature 504, no. 7480 (December 19, 2013): 427–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lemieux, C., C. Otis, and M. Turmel. “Ancestral Chloroplast Genome in Mesostigma Viride Reveals an Early Branch of Green Plant Evolution.” Nature 403, no. 6770 (February 10, 2000): 649–52.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Fernández, Álvaro F., Salwa Sebti, Yongjie Wei, Zhongju Zou, Mingjun Shi, Kathryn L. McMillan, Congcong He, et al. “Disruption of the Beclin 1-BCL2 Autophagy Regulatory Complex Promotes Longevity in Mice.” Nature 558, no. 7708 (June 2018): 136–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg, Mea A., Stuart L. Segelnick, Joseph S. Insler, and Samuel Kramer. The Dentist’s Quick Guide to Medical Conditions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015.
An edited book
Verger, Antoni, Mario Novelli, Karen Mundy, Anja Eickelberg, Laura Grant, Selma Hilgersom, Joosje Hoop, Felice van der Plaat, and Jonah Sarfaty, eds. Campaigning for “Education for All”: Histories, Strategies and Outcomes of Transnational Advocacy Coalitions in Education. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Iaconetta, Giorgio, Enrique Ferrer, Alberto Prats Galino, Joaquim Enseñat, and Matteo de Notaris. “Frontotemporal Approach.” In Cranial, Craniofacial and Skull Base Surgery, edited by Paolo Cappabianca, Giorgio Iaconetta, and Luigi Califano, 39–59. Milano: Springer, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of the History of Sport.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. “The Top Six Dinosaur Myths And How We Busted Them.” IFLScience. IFLScience, June 24, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Social Security Administration: Effective Information Technology Management Essential for Data Center Initiative.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 28, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, Wendy. “‘Straight Talk’ on Preventing HIV Program—a Grant Thesis Project.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. “My Other Job, Crazy as It Is, Keeps Me Sane.” New York Times, February 15, 2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of the History of Sport
AbbreviationInt. J. Hist. Sport
ISSN (print)0952-3367
ISSN (online)1743-9035
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles