How to format your references using the The International Journal of the History of Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of the History of Sport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, Michael. “Medical Marijuana: Showdown at the Cannabis Corral.” Nature 525, no. 7570 (September 24, 2015): S15-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shchukin, Dmitry, and Helmuth Möhwald. “Materials Science. A Coat of Many Functions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341, no. 6153 (September 27, 2013): 1458–59.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jaffer, Hayder, Isaac M. Adjei, and Vinod Labhasetwar. “Optical Imaging to Map Blood-Brain Barrier Leakage.” Scientific Reports 3 (November 1, 2013): 3117.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zillohu, Ahnaf Usman, Ramzy Abdelaziz, Shahin Homaeigohar, Igor Krasnov, Martin Müller, Thomas Strunskus, and Mady Elbahri. “Biomimetic Transferable Surface for a Real Time Control over Wettability and Photoerasable Writing with Water Drop Lens.” Scientific Reports 4 (December 10, 2014): 7407.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Makower, Timothy. Touching the City. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Linkov, Igor, and Jeffery Steevens, eds. Nanomaterials: Risks and Benefits. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Nishida, Naoki, and Germán Vidal. “A Finite Representation of the Narrowing Space.” In Logic-Based Program Synthesis and Transformation: 23rd International Symposium, LOPSTR 2013, Madrid, Spain, September 18-19, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Gopal Gupta and Ricardo Peña, 54–71. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of the History of Sport.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. “Humans Are Wired For Prejudice But That Doesn’t Have To Be The End Of The Story.” IFLScience. IFLScience, September 17, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “DOD Space Systems: Additional Knowledge Would Better Support Decisions about Disaggregating Large Satellites.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, October 30, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrews, Martine. “Health Literacy Competencies for Health Professionals: A Delphi Study.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. “Where the Romanovs Became Holy Martyrs.” New York Times, August 3, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of the History of Sport
AbbreviationInt. J. Hist. Sport
ISSN (print)0952-3367
ISSN (online)1743-9035
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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