How to format your references using the The International Journal of the History of Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of the History of Sport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zimmerman, Eric. “Recruiters and Academia.” Nature 431, no. 7011 (October 21, 2004): 1022.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, Duncan J., and Iestyn Whitehouse. “Intrinsic Coupling of Lagging-Strand Synthesis to Chromatin Assembly.” Nature 483, no. 7390 (March 14, 2012): 434–38.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, Tao, Arqum Hashmi, and Jisang Hong. “Transparent Half Metallic G-C4N3 Nanotubes: Potential Multifunctional Applications for Spintronics and Optical Devices.” Scientific Reports 4 (August 14, 2014): 6059.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Carroll, K. S., J. Hanna, I. Simon, J. Krise, P. Barbero, and S. R. Pfeffer. “Role of Rab9 GTPase in Facilitating Receptor Recruitment by TIP47.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292, no. 5520 (May 18, 2001): 1373–76.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
ASAE. 7 Measures of Success. Washington, DC: ASAE: The Center for Association Leadership, 2013.
An edited book
Vincent, Jean-Louis, ed. Intensive Care Medicine. New York, NY: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
De Sanctis, Luca, and Silvio Franz. “Self-Averaging Identities for Random Spin Systems.” In Spin Glasses: Statics and Dynamics: Summer School, Paris 2007, edited by Anne Boutet de Monvel and Anton Bovier, 123–42. Basel: Birkhäuser, 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of the History of Sport.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. “Sea Slug Steals Photosynthesis Genes From Algae.” IFLScience. IFLScience, February 4, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Highway Trust Fund: Financial Condition as of September 30, 1997.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 24, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, William A. “Middle School Students’ Experiences on a Science Museum Field Trip as Preparation for Future Learning.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris, Gardiner, Michael D. Shear, and Ron Nixon. “Court Opinion Lets U.S. Start Ban on Travel.” New York Times, June 29, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of the History of Sport
AbbreviationInt. J. Hist. Sport
ISSN (print)0952-3367
ISSN (online)1743-9035
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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