How to format your references using the The International Journal of the History of Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of the History of Sport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Begun, David R. “Anthropology. The Earliest Hominins--Is Less More?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303, no. 5663 (March 5, 2004): 1478–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
Isaksen, I. S. A., and S. B. Dalsøren. “Atmospheric Science. Getting a Better Estimate of an Atmospheric Radical.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331, no. 6013 (January 7, 2011): 38–39.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saika-Voivod, I., P. H. Poole, and F. Sciortino. “Fragile-to-Strong Transition and Polyamorphism in the Energy Landscape of Liquid Silica.” Nature 412, no. 6846 (August 2, 2001): 514–17.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Keung, Albert J., Meimei Dong, David V. Schaffer, and Sanjay Kumar. “Pan-Neuronal Maturation but Not Neuronal Subtype Differentiation of Adult Neural Stem Cells Is Mechanosensitive.” Scientific Reports 3 (2013): 1817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rodriguez, Jean, and Damien Bonne. Stereoselective Multiple Bond-Forming Transformations in Organic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015.
An edited book
Wang, Yihui. Optimal Trajectory Planning and Train Scheduling for Urban Rail Transit Systems. Edited by Bin Ning, Ton van den Boom, and Bart De Schutter. Advances in Industrial Control. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Ruet, Joël. “Indian Firms in World Production: The State, Markets, and Innovation.” In Strategies of Multinational Corporations and Social Regulations: European and Asian Perspectives, edited by Xavier Richet, Violaine Delteil, and Patrick Dieuaide, 77–91. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of the History of Sport.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Breast Cancer Campaigns Might Be Pink, But Men Get It Too.” IFLScience. IFLScience, May 5, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Examination Into the Manner in Which the Office of Education Is Administering the Teacher Corps Program.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, March 5, 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watkins, Jasmine J. “Victor Echo Tango (VET) Support Services Inc.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stevenson, Alexandra, and Matthew Goldstein. “Man of Many Principles.” New York Times, September 8, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of the History of Sport
AbbreviationInt. J. Hist. Sport
ISSN (print)0952-3367
ISSN (online)1743-9035
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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