How to format your references using the The International Journal of the History of Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of the History of Sport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowotny, Helga. “Preserve the European Research Council’s Legacy.” Nature 504, no. 7479 (December 12, 2013): 189.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wynia, Matthew K., and Lawrence Gostin. “Medicine. The Bioterrorist Threat and Access to Health Care.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296, no. 5573 (May 31, 2002): 1613.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sogo, José M., Massimo Lopes, and Marco Foiani. “Fork Reversal and SsDNA Accumulation at Stalled Replication Forks Owing to Checkpoint Defects.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297, no. 5581 (July 26, 2002): 599–602.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Vardi, Assaf, Benjamin A. S. Van Mooy, Helen F. Fredricks, Kimberly J. Popendorf, Justin E. Ossolinski, Liti Haramaty, and Kay D. Bidle. “Viral Glycosphingolipids Induce Lytic Infection and Cell Death in Marine Phytoplankton.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326, no. 5954 (November 6, 2009): 861–65.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eidhammer, Ingvar, Harald Barsnes, Geir Egil Eide, and Lennart Martens. Computational and Statistical Methods for Protein Quantification by Mass Spectrometry. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
Václavíková, Miroslava, Ksenija Vitale, Georgios P. Gallios, and Lucia Ivaničová, eds. Water Treatment Technologies for the Removal of High-Toxicity Pollutants. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Erovic, Boban M., and Piero Lercher. “Preoperative Considerations.” In Manual of Head and Neck Reconstruction Using Regional and Free Flaps, edited by Piero Lercher, 15–16. Vienna: Springer, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of the History of Sport.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. “Golden Curse Tablets Have Been Found In A Roman Tomb.” IFLScience. IFLScience, August 11, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Aviation Safety: Status of Recommendations to Improve FAA’s Certification and Approval Processes.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, October 30, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frost, Daniel C. “Quantitative Correlational Study of Communication Satisfaction Related to Organizational Proximity and Face-to-Face Communication.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, Michael. “Putting the Passion of Opera Behind Bars.” New York Times, July 28, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of the History of Sport
AbbreviationInt. J. Hist. Sport
ISSN (print)0952-3367
ISSN (online)1743-9035
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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