How to format your references using the The Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pollard TD. Genomics, the cytoskeleton and motility. Nature. 2001 Feb 15;409(6822):842–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Carrington JC, Ambros V. Role of microRNAs in plant and animal development. Science. 2003 Jul 18;301(5631):336–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Liu WW, Mazor O, Wilson RI. Thermosensory processing in the Drosophila brain. Nature. 2015 Mar 19;519(7543):353–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ma D, Zerangue N, Lin YF, Collins A, Yu M, Jan YN, et al. Role of ER export signals in controlling surface potassium channel numbers. Science. 2001 Jan 12;291(5502):316–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ishiyama JT. Comparative Politics. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Yung BHW, editor. Assessment Reform in Science: Fairness and Fear. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. XVI, 296 p. (Science & Technology Education Library; vol. 31).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Akbari CM. Clinical Features and Diagnosis of Peripheral Arterial Disease. In: Veves A, Giurini JM, LoGerfo FW, editors. The Diabetic Foot: Medical and Surgical Management. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2012. p. 75–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy.

Blog post
1.
Evans K. A Year Ago, Scientists Cracked One Of Einstein’s Greatest Mysteries — Now A Bizarre New Form Of Astronomy Is Emerging. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Income Security Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Sep. Report No.: AA-97-11(3).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Schiffbauer LW. The pursuit of self-esteem: A help or a hindrance in thriving in the workplace? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gustines GG. GRAPHIC BOOKS; Picture This: Graphic Excitement. New York Times. 2010 Nov 26;C33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
AbbreviationCan. J. Hosp. Pharm.
ISSN (print)0008-4123
ISSN (online)1920-2903
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmacy

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