How to format your references using the The Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hirsch JE. Superconductivity. The true colors of cuprates. Science. 2002 Mar 22;295(5563):2226–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jiang YC, Gao J. Strain-induced photoconductivity in thin films of Co doped amorphous carbon. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct 23;4:6738.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ganguly-Fitzgerald I, Donlea J, Shaw PJ. Waking experience affects sleep need in Drosophila. Science. 2006 Sep 22;313(5794):1775–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Opferman JT, Iwasaki H, Ong CC, Suh H, Mizuno S-I, Akashi K, et al. Obligate role of anti-apoptotic MCL-1 in the survival of hematopoietic stem cells. Science. 2005 Feb 18;307(5712):1101–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Khan MM, Islam MR. Zero Waste Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Núñez-Queija R, Resing J, editors. Network Control and Optimization: Third Euro-NF Conference, NET-COOP 2009 Eindhoven, The Netherlands, November 23-25, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. X, 279 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 5894).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Paull L, Saeedi G. S, Seto M, Li H. A Multi-agent Framework with MOOS-IvP for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles with Sidescan Sonar Sensors. In: Kamel M, Karray F, Gueaieb W, Khamis A, editors. Autonomous and Intelligent Systems: Second International Conference, AIS 2011, Burnaby, BC, Canada, June 22-24, 2011 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 41–50. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Pervasive Mixing Found in Genetic Ancestry of 160,000 Americans [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/researchers-analyzing-genetic-ancestry-160000-americans-find-pervasive-mixing/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Traffic Safety Data: State Data System Quality Varies and Limited Resources and Coordination Can Inhibit Further Progress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Apr. Report No.: GAO-10-454.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lizarraga D. Effects of large inedible particles on the feeding performance of echinodem larvae [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hu W. Want to Relax at Park or Pool in New York? Join the Crowd. New York Times. 2016 Aug 3;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
AbbreviationCan. J. Hosp. Pharm.
ISSN (print)0008-4123
ISSN (online)1920-2903
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmacy

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