How to format your references using the The Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Havlin S. Epidemiology. Phone infections. Science. 2009 May 22;324(5930):1023–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Berry RM, Armitage JP. Microbiology. How bacteria change gear. Science. 2008 Jun 20;320(5883):1599–600.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Häkkinen S, Rhines PB, Worthen DL. Atmospheric blocking and Atlantic multidecadal ocean variability. Science. 2011 Nov 4;334(6056):655–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wu J-J, Li C, Zhang B-Y, Cressman R, Tao Y. The role of institutional incentives and the exemplar in promoting cooperation. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 22;4:6421.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Seyfried TN. Cancer as a Metabolic Disease. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Douglas RS, McCoy AN, Gupta S, editors. Thyroid Eye Disease. New York, NY: Springer; 2015. X, 157 p. 46 illus., 26 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Johnson ME, Baarli BG. Development of Intertidal Biotas Through Phanerozoic Time. In: Talent JA, editor. Earth and Life: Global Biodiversity, Extinction Intervals and Biogeographic Perturbations Through Time. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 63–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Would You Cover Yourself In Fish Slime To Protect Against The Sun? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/would-you-cover-yourself-fish-slime-protect-against-sun/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Digital Television Transition: Preliminary Information on Progress of the DTV Transition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Oct. Report No.: GAO-08-191T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Grigoryan A. Feedback 2.0 in online writing instruction: Combining audio-visual and text-based commentary to enhance student revision and writing competency [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barron J. Bar Cars Are Coming Back, but Don’t Expect a Seat. New York Times. 2016 Sep 13;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
AbbreviationCan. J. Hosp. Pharm.
ISSN (print)0008-4123
ISSN (online)1920-2903
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmacy

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