How to format your references using the The Australian Educational Researcher citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Australian Educational Researcher. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Slack, J. M. W. (2011). Development. Planarian pluripotency. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6031), 799–800.
A journal article with 2 authors
Danku, Z., & Kun, F. (2013). Creep rupture as a non-homogeneous Poissonian process. Scientific reports, 3, 2688.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taneike, M., Abe, F., & Sawada, K. (2003). Creep-strengthening of steel at high temperatures using nano-sized carbonitride dispersions. Nature, 424(6946), 294–296.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Houlahan, J. E., Findlay, C. S., Schmidt, B. R., Meyer, A. H., & Kuzmin, S. L. (2000). Quantitative evidence for global amphibian population declines. Nature, 404(6779), 752–755.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rizzi, T. E., Valenciano, A., Bowles, M., Cowell, R., Tyler, R., & DeNicola, D. B. (2017). Atlas of Canine and Feline Urinalysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gerlee, P. (2016). Scientific Models: Red Atoms, White Lies and Black Boxes in a Yellow Book. (T. Lundh, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hanson, G. R., Noble, C. J., & Benson, S. (2009). Molecular Sophe: An Integrated Approach to the Structural Characterization of Metalloproteins: The Next Generation of Computer Simulation Software. In L. Berliner & G. Hanson (Eds.), High Resolution EPR: Applications to Metalloenzymes and Metals in Medicine (pp. 105–173). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Australian Educational Researcher.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, April 25). You Can Now Listen To A Song That Hasn’t Been Played For 1,000 Years. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Aviation: Issues Associated With the Theft of Stock Used to Create Airline Tickets (No. RCED-99-219). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ismail, A.-R. (2009). Assessing the relationship between the Internet, radio frequency identifier (RFID), and information technology (IT) flexibility: A correlational study and findings (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris, E. A., & Moynihan, C. (2014, October 1). Brooklyn Teacher Is Accused of Abusing Girls for 3 Years. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Slack 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Danku and Kun 2013; Slack 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Danku and Kun 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Houlahan et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Australian Educational Researcher
AbbreviationAust. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)0311-6999
ISSN (online)2210-5328

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