How to format your references using the The Australian Educational Researcher citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Australian Educational Researcher. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles, J. (2002). Diplomats near pact in simmering debate over transgenic foods. Nature, 416(6878), 252.
A journal article with 2 authors
Halloran, M. E., & Longini, I. M., Jr. (2014). Emerging, evolving, and established infectious diseases and interventions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6202), 1292–1294.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cramer, P., Bushnell, D. A., & Kornberg, R. D. (2001). Structural basis of transcription: RNA polymerase II at 2.8 angstrom resolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5523), 1863–1876.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hochberg, L. R., Serruya, M. D., Friehs, G. M., Mukand, J. A., Saleh, M., Caplan, A. H., et al. (2006). Neuronal ensemble control of prosthetic devices by a human with tetraplegia. Nature, 442(7099), 164–171.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonnet, P. (2013). Enterprise Data Governance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ncube, M. (2016). Global Growth and Financial Spillovers and the South African Macro-economy. (N. Gumata & E. Ndou, Eds.). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Pearce, E. J. (2016). Th2 Cell Responses in Immunity and Inflammation Following Helminth Infection. In W. C. Gause & D. Artis (Eds.), The Th2 Type Immune Response in Health and Disease: From Host Defense and Allergy to Metabolic Homeostasis and Beyond (pp. 53–72). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Australian Educational Researcher.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 27). John Nash: A Beautiful Mind And Its Exquisite Mathematics. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Financial Management: Briefing on the Federal Aviation Administration Property, Plant, and Equipment Accountability Review (No. AIMD-99-208R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Correa, L. (2015). Urban-rural differences in overweight and obese status among adolescents (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2007, February 11). New Libraries That Don’t Just Go by the Book. New York Times, p. WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giles 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Giles 2002; Halloran and Longini 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Halloran and Longini 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hochberg et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Australian Educational Researcher
AbbreviationAust. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)0311-6999
ISSN (online)2210-5328

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