How to format your references using the The Australian Educational Researcher citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Australian Educational Researcher. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamond, J. (2001). Unwritten knowledge. Nature, 410(6828), 521.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fulton, J. E., & Delany, M. E. (2003). Genetics. Poultry genetic resources--operation rescue needed. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5626), 1667–1668.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutz, W., O’Neill, B. C., & Scherbov, S. (2003). Demographics. Europe’s population at a turning point. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5615), 1991–1992.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sakai, H., Honma, T., Aoyama, T., Sato, S., Kato, T., Tabata, S., & Oka, A. (2001). ARR1, a transcription factor for genes immediately responsive to cytokinins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5546), 1519–1521.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Verdu, J. (2012). Oxidative Ageing of Polymers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mityushev, V. V., & Ruzhansky, M. (Eds.). (2015). Analytic Methods in Interdisciplinary Applications (Vol. 116). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ignatova, T., & Bruder, I. (2005). Utilizing a Multimedia UML Framework for an Image Database Application. In J. Akoka, S. W. Liddle, I.-Y. Song, M. Bertolotto, I. Comyn-Wattiau, W.-J. van D. Heuvel, et al. (Eds.), Perspectives in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2005 Workshops AOIS, BP-UML, CoMoGIS, eCOMO, and QoIS, Klagenfurt, Austria, October 24-28, 2005. Proceedings (pp. 23–32). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Australian Educational Researcher.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, December 22). “Intelligent” Slime Mold Can Teach Other Colonies By Fusing With Them. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Medicare and the Delivery of Health Services Are at Risk (No. T-AIMD-99-89). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Millar, C. L. (2010). Re-specting graffiti: Transgression at play in art, language, and ritual (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Latimer, M. (2016, August 8). How to Get Trump to Withdraw. New York Times, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diamond 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Diamond 2001; Fulton and Delany 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fulton and Delany 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Sakai et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Australian Educational Researcher
AbbreviationAust. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)0311-6999
ISSN (online)2210-5328

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