How to format your references using the The Australian Educational Researcher citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Australian Educational Researcher. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D. (2003). Report backs military axis on space. Nature, 421(6921), 301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bae, B.-I., & Walsh, C. A. (2013). Neuroscience. What are mini-brains? Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6155), 200–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu, Y., Nakano, M., & Ikeda, T. (2003). Photomechanics: directed bending of a polymer film by light. Nature, 425(6954), 145.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Song, H., Jeong, T.-G., Moon, Y. H., Chun, H.-H., Chung, K. Y., Kim, H. S., et al. (2014). Stabilization of oxygen-deficient structure for conducting Li4Ti5O12-δ by molybdenum doping in a reducing atmosphere. Scientific reports, 4, 4350.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coulson, J. (2014). Sustainable Use of Wood in Construction. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Heim, B., Al-Baali, M., Ibukiyama, T., & Rupp, F. (Eds.). (2014). Automorphic Forms: Research in Number Theory from Oman (Vol. 115). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, X.-J., & Wang, J. (2014). Singularity of Parallel Mechanisms. In J. Wang (Ed.), Parallel Kinematics: Type, Kinematics, and Optimal Design (pp. 129–148). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Australian Educational Researcher.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, December 9). John Glenn’s Life In Pictures. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Defaulted Student Loans: Private Lender Collection Efforts Often Inadequate (No. HRD-87-48). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cook, A. E. (2010). Gas hydrate-filled fracture reservoirs on continental margins (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Appelbaum, B., & Kelly, K. (2017, June 2). Trump Is Said to Pick 2 To Serve on Fed Board. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bae and Walsh 2013; Butler 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bae and Walsh 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Song et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Australian Educational Researcher
AbbreviationAust. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)0311-6999
ISSN (online)2210-5328

Other styles