How to format your references using the The Academy of Management Annals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Academy of Management Annals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Townes, C. H. (2004). Making waves. Nature, 432(7014), 153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tang, S., & Presgraves, D. C. (2009). Evolution of the Drosophila nuclear pore complex results in multiple hybrid incompatibilities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5915), 779–782.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brunton, B. W., Botvinick, M. M., & Brody, C. D. (2013). Rats and humans can optimally accumulate evidence for decision-making. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6128), 95–98.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bilic, J., Huang, Y.-L., Davidson, G., Zimmermann, T., Cruciat, C.-M., Bienz, M., & Niehrs, C. (2007). Wnt induces LRP6 signalosomes and promotes dishevelled-dependent LRP6 phosphorylation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5831), 1619–1622.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rhee, M. Y. (2013). Wireless Mobile Internet Security. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Esser, K., Löttge, U., Beyschlag, W., & Murata, J. (Eds.). (2007). Progress in Botany (Vol. 68). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Faruqi, A. A., Bryant, W. A., & Pinney, J. W. (2013). Analysis of Metabolic Evolution in Bacteria Using Whole-Genome Metabolic Models. In M. Deng, R. Jiang, F. Sun, & X. Zhang (Eds.), Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 17th Annual International Conference, RECOMB 2013, Beijing, China, April 7-10, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 45–57). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Academy of Management Annals.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, August 24). Three Of Namibia’s Most Famous Lion Family Were Poisoned – Why? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Essential Air Service: Changes in Passenger Traffic, Subsidy Levels, and Air Carrier Costs (T-RCED-00-185). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harper, T. (2010). Going public, staying private, and everything in between [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr., Mueller, B., & Schweber, N. (2015, October 28). Second Chances Kept Coming for Suspect in Officer’s Death. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Townes, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Tang & Presgraves, 2009; Townes, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tang & Presgraves, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Brunton et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bilic et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Academy of Management Annals
AbbreviationAcad. Manag. Ann.
ISSN (print)1941-6520
ISSN (online)1941-6067
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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