How to format your references using the Telecommunications Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Telecommunications Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Visscher, P. M. (2001). erratum: A viable herd of genetically uniform cattle. Nature, 410(6824), 36.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Vernal, A., & Hillaire-Marcel, C. (2008). Natural variability of Greenland climate, vegetation, and ice volume during the past million years. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5883), 1622–1625.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saalmann, Y. B., Pigarev, I. N., & Vidyasagar, T. R. (2007). Neural mechanisms of visual attention: how top-down feedback highlights relevant locations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5831), 1612–1615.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pereira Morais, M. P., Marshall, D., Flower, S. E., Caunt, C. J., James, T. D., Williams, R. J., Waterfield, N. R., & van den Elsen, J. M. H. (2013). Analysis of protein glycation using fluorescent phenylboronate gel electrophoresis. Scientific Reports, 3, 1437.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). (2011). Supplemental Proceedings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ting, I.-H., & Wu, H.-J. (Eds.). (2009). Web Mining Applications in E-commerce and E-services (Vol. 172). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Morgan, C. (2012). Elementary Probability Theory in the Eindhoven Style. In J. Gibbons & P. Nogueira (Eds.), Mathematics of Program Construction: 11th International Conference, MPC 2012, Madrid, Spain, June 25-27, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 48–73). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Telecommunications Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 9). Motion Dazzle: Spotting The Patterns That Help Animals Outsmart Predators On The Run. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Operational Tests Extended (IMTEC-89-30). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woodard, J. (2012). Emergent properties [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, May 29). Linkin Park Album Is No. 1, Surprisingly. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Visscher, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (de Vernal & Hillaire-Marcel, 2008; Visscher, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Vernal & Hillaire-Marcel, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Saalmann et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pereira Morais et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTelecommunications Policy
AbbreviationTelecomm. Policy
ISSN (print)0308-5961
ScopeInformation Systems
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Human Factors and Ergonomics

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