How to format your references using the Telecommunications Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Telecommunications Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lindley, D. (2001). Questions of direction. Nature, 410(6826), 305.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cohen, S. M., & Brennecke, J. (2006). Developmental biology. Mixed messages in early development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5770), 65–66.
A journal article with 3 authors
Little, A. F., van Oppen, M. J. H., & Willis, B. L. (2004). Flexibility in algal endosymbioses shapes growth in reef corals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5676), 1492–1494.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Reiter, S., Hülsdunk, P., Woo, T., Lauterbach, M. A., Eberle, J. S., Akay, L. A., Longo, A., Meier-Credo, J., Kretschmer, F., Langer, J. D., Kaschube, M., & Laurent, G. (2018). Elucidating the control and development of skin patterning in cuttlefish. Nature, 562(7727), 361–366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Islam, M. R., & Speight, J. G. (2016). Peak Energy: Myth or Reality? John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Masys, A. J. (Ed.). (2014). Networks and Network Analysis for Defence and Security. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Erlebach, T., & Radoja, M. (2015). Further Results on Capacitated Network Design Games. In M. Hoefer (Ed.), Algorithmic Game Theory: 8th International Symposium, SAGT 2015, Saarbrücken, Germany, September 28-30, 2015. Proceedings (pp. 57–68). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Telecommunications Policy.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, July 10). Scarlet Macaw Fossils Reveal When Complex Societies Formed in the American Southwest. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Space Station: Actions Under Way to Manage Cost, but Significant Challenges Remain (GAO-02-735). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shakya, R. M. (2014). Watershed-Scale Evaluation of Flood Reduction Effect of Low Impact Development Designs [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell, M. (2017, September 22). The Home Run Explosion Is Not Exactly Beyond Suspicion. New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lindley, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen & Brennecke, 2006; Lindley, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cohen & Brennecke, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Little et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Reiter et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleTelecommunications Policy
AbbreviationTelecomm. Policy
ISSN (print)0308-5961
ScopeInformation Systems
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Human Factors and Ergonomics

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