How to format your references using the Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
H. Brody, Influenza, Nature. 480 (2011) S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
J.A. Chandler, M. Turelli, Comment on “The hologenomic basis of speciation: gut bacteria cause hybrid lethality in the genus Nasonia,” Science. 345 (2014) 1011.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
C.D. Kaplan, L. Laprade, F. Winston, Transcription elongation factors repress transcription initiation from cryptic sites, Science. 301 (2003) 1096–1099.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
U. Schneider, L. Hackermüller, S. Will, T. Best, I. Bloch, T.A. Costi, R.W. Helmes, D. Rasch, A. Rosch, Metallic and insulating phases of repulsively interacting fermions in a 3D optical lattice, Science. 322 (2008) 1520–1525.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
A. d’Andria, I. Gabarret, Building 21st Century Entrepreneurship, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2017.
An edited book
[1]
A. Govorov, Understanding and Modeling Förster-type Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET): Introduction to FRET, Vol. 1, Springer, Singapore, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
S. Gladisch, H. Schumann, C. Tominski, Navigation Recommendations for Exploring Hierarchical Graphs, in: G. Bebis, R. Boyle, B. Parvin, D. Koracin, B. Li, F. Porikli, V. Zordan, J. Klosowski, S. Coquillart, X. Luo, M. Chen, D. Gotz (Eds.), Advances in Visual Computing: 9th International Symposium, ISVC 2013, Rethymnon, Crete, Greece, July 29-31, 2013. Proceedings, Part II, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 36–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks.

Blog post
[1]
E. Andrew, Huge Solar Eruption Caught By NASA’s IRIS, IFLScience. (2014). https://www.iflscience.com/space/huge-solar-eruption-caught-nasas-iris/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Administration and Control of Procurement and Utilization of Automatic Data Processing, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1969.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
M. Dillon, Active aging program for older adults with early stage dementia, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
M. Kelly, THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Undeclared Candidate; Perot Stresses Homey Image, But the Image Is No Accident, New York Times. (1992) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Energy, Grids and Networks
AbbreviationSustain. Energy Grids Netw.
ISSN (print)2352-4677
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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