How to format your references using the Surgical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surgical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
A.J. Stone, Intermolecular potentials, Science. 321 (2008) 787–789.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
A. Kereszt, E. Kondorosi, Plant science. Unlocking the door to invasion, Science. 331 (2011) 865–866.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
M. Pagel, Q.D. Atkinson, A. Meade, Frequency of word-use predicts rates of lexical evolution throughout Indo-European history, Nature. 449 (2007) 717–720.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Y. Kawakami, A. Raya, R.M. Raya, C. Rodríguez-Esteban, J.C. Izpisúa Belmonte, Retinoic acid signalling links left-right asymmetric patterning and bilaterally symmetric somitogenesis in the zebrafish embryo, Nature. 435 (2005) 165–171.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
M.K. Bennett, Affine and Projective Geometry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 1995.
An edited book
[1]
N.W. Paton, P. Missier, C. Hedeler, eds., Data Integration in the Life Sciences: 6th International Workshop, DILS 2009, Manchester, UK, July 20-22, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
N. Takahashi, D.V. Sahani, CT and MRI Features, in: M.J. Levy, S.T. Chari (Eds.), Autoimmune (IgG4-Related) Pancreatitis and Cholangitis, Springer, New York, NY, 2013: pp. 61–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surgical Oncology.

Blog post
[1]
K. Hamilton, Three Ways That The Universe Could End, IFLScience. (2015). https://www.iflscience.com/space/three-ways-universe-could-end/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications: Market Developments in the Global Satellite Services Industry and the Implementation of the ORBIT Act, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
E.J. Kelly, What experiences create and nurture a love of science?, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
G. Vecsey, A Miserable Month in the World of Sports, New York Times. (2011) SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSurgical Oncology
AbbreviationSurg. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0960-7404
ScopeOncology
Surgery

Other styles