How to format your references using the Surgical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surgical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
T.M. Pollock, Materials science. Weight loss with magnesium alloys, Science. 328 (2010) 986–987.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
D.J. DePaolo, M. Manga, Geology. Deep origin of hotspots--the mantle plume model, Science. 300 (2003) 920–921.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
V.B. Indjeian, B.M. Stern, A.W. Murray, The centromeric protein Sgo1 is required to sense lack of tension on mitotic chromosomes, Science. 307 (2005) 130–133.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
M. Bargheer, N. Zhavoronkov, Y. Gritsai, J.C. Woo, D.S. Kim, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, Coherent atomic motions in a nanostructure studied by femtosecond X-ray diffraction, Science. 306 (2004) 1771–1773.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
K.R. Callahan, G.S. Stetz, L.M. Brooks, Project Management Accounting, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
[1]
B. Mohr, J.L. Träff, J. Worringen, J. Dongarra, eds., Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 13th European PVM/MPI User’s Group Meeting Bonn, Germany, September 17-20, 2006 Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
C. Tanas, J. Herrera-Joancomartí, Crowdsensing Simulation Using ns-3, in: J. Nin, D. Villatoro (Eds.), Citizen in Sensor Networks: Second International Workshop, CitiSens 2013, Barcelona, Spain, September 19, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surgical Oncology.

Blog post
[1]
E. Andrew, Enzyme System Helps Boost Exercise Tolerance, IFLScience. (2015). https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/enzyme-system-helps-boost-exercise-tolerance/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Governmentwide Strategy Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
G.M. Howard, Roles of vitamin D and calcium in cancer and diet history, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
S. Hodara, Depicting the Heavens With Paint, Pencil, Even Cocaine, New York Times. (2016) WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSurgical Oncology
AbbreviationSurg. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0960-7404
ScopeOncology
Surgery

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