How to format your references using the Studies in Continuing Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Continuing Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sartorius, Norman. 2010. “Short-Lived Campaigns Are Not Enough.” Nature 468 (7321): 163–165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carvalho, Antonio Bernardo, and Andrew G. Clark. 2005. “Y Chromosome of D. Pseudoobscura Is Not Homologous to the Ancestral Drosophila Y.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5706): 108–110.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, L. J., A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu. 2000. “Gain-Assisted Superluminal Light Propagation.” Nature 406 (6793): 277–279.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Schön, J. H., A. Dodabalapur, Z. Bao, C. Kloc, O. Schenker, and B. Batlogg. 2001. “Gate-Induced Superconductivity in a Solution-Processed Organic Polymer Film.” Nature 410 (6825): 189–192.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Curioso, Andrew, Ronald Bradford, and Patrick Galbraith. 2010. Expert PHP and MySQL®. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Skiadas, Christos H., ed. 2010. Advances in Data Analysis: Theory and Applications to Reliability and Inference, Data Mining, Bioinformatics, Lifetime Data, and Neural Networks. Statistics for Industry and Technology. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Corrin, Linda, Sue Bennett, and Lori Lockyer. 2013. “Digital Natives: Exploring the Diversity of Young People’s Experience with Technology.” In Reshaping Learning: Frontiers of Learning Technology in a Global Context, edited by Ronghuai Huang, Kinshuk, and J. Michael Spector, 113–138. New Frontiers of Educational Research. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Continuing Education.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2015. “The World’s First Solar-Powered Sports Car Could Drive Forever.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. College Completion: Additional Efforts Could Help Education with Its Completion Goals. GAO-03-568. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Verdi, Kristy C. 2017. “What Does It Mean to Be a Service-Learning Teacher? - An Autoethnography.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2008. “Megyn Kelly and Douglas Brunt.” New York Times, March 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sartorius 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Sartorius 2010; Carvalho and Clark 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carvalho and Clark 2005)
  • Three authors: (Wang, Kuzmich, and Dogariu 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Schön et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Continuing Education
AbbreviationStud. Contin. Educ.
ISSN (print)0158-037X
ISSN (online)1470-126X

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