How to format your references using the Studies in Continuing Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Continuing Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Couzin, Iain. 2007. “Collective Minds.” Nature 445 (7129): 715.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oda, Yoshihisa, and Hiroo Fukuda. 2012. “Initiation of Cell Wall Pattern by a Rho- and Microtubule-Driven Symmetry Breaking.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6100): 1333–1336.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanimoto, Hiromu, Martin Heisenberg, and Bertram Gerber. 2004. “Experimental Psychology: Event Timing Turns Punishment to Reward.” Nature 430 (7003): 983.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, Feng, Liping Li, Haiming Xu, Yong Liu, Chun Yang, Allen W. Cowley Jr, Niansong Wang, Pengyuan Liu, and Mingyu Liang. 2014. “Characteristics of Long Non-Coding RNAs in the Brown Norway Rat and Alterations in the Dahl Salt-Sensitive Rat.” Scientific Reports 4 (November): 7146.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goodhew, Steve. 2016. Sustainable Construction Processes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sijde, Peter van der, Annemarie Ridder, Gerben Blaauw, and Christoph Diensberg, eds. 2008. Teaching Entrepreneurship: Cases for Education and Training. Contributions to Management Science. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.
A chapter in an edited book
Theunissen, Raf, and Michel L. Riethmuller. 2008. “Particle Image Velocimetry in Lung Bifurcation Models.” In Particle Image Velocimetry: New Developments and Recent Applications, edited by Andreas Schroeder and Christian E. Willert, 73–101. Topics in Applied Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Continuing Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “Why Can’t We Remember Our Early Childhood?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Immigrant Education: Federal Funding Has Not Kept Pace With Student Increases. T-HEHS-94-146. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gill, Gretchen J. 2009. “The Experience of Family Caregiving of the Terminally Ill: A Phenomenological Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tomasky, Michael. 2017. “Paul Ryan’s Discontent.” New York Times, May 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Couzin 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Couzin 2007; Oda and Fukuda 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oda and Fukuda 2012)
  • Three authors: (Tanimoto, Heisenberg, and Gerber 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Continuing Education
AbbreviationStud. Contin. Educ.
ISSN (print)0158-037X
ISSN (online)1470-126X

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