How to format your references using the Studies in Continuing Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Continuing Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleiner, Reinhold. 2007. “Applied Physics. Filling the Terahertz Gap.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5854): 1254–1255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walczyk, Thomas, and Friedhelm von Blanckenburg. 2002. “Natural Iron Isotope Variations in Human Blood.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5562): 2065–2066.
A journal article with 3 authors
Komarova, Natalia L., David N. Levy, and Dominik Wodarz. 2013. “Synaptic Transmission and the Susceptibility of HIV Infection to Anti-Viral Drugs.” Scientific Reports 3: 2103.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Omi, Takahiro, Yosihiko Ogata, Yoshito Hirata, and Kazuyuki Aihara. 2013. “Forecasting Large Aftershocks within One Day after the Main Shock.” Scientific Reports 3: 2218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vicat-Blanc, Pascale, Sébastien Soudan, Romaric Guillier, and Brice Goglin. 2013. Computing Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Simonis, Helmut, ed. 2014. Integration of AI and OR Techniques in Constraint Programming: 11th International Conference, CPAIOR 2014, Cork, Ireland, May 19-23, 2014. Proceedings. Vol. 8451. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerber, Jochen, Hanjo Arms, Mathias Wiecher, and Christian Danner. 2014. “Flexibility Surprises – Its Significance and Its Value.” In Leveraging Flexibility: Win the Race with Dynamic Decision Management, edited by Hanjo Arms, Mathias Wiecher, and Christian Danner, 56–62. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Continuing Education.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2016. “A New Twist To Whodunnit In Science’s Famous Piltdown Man Hoax.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Statewide Transportation Planning: Surveys of State Departments of Transportation and Regional Planning and Development Organizations (GAO-11-78SP, December 2010), an E-Supplement to GAO-11-77. GAO-11-78SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moore, Collin. 2017. “Seasonal Temperature Reconstruction for Northeastern Siberia during the Late Pleistocene from High-Resolution Oxygen Isotope Measurements Across Fossil Wood.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “Astros Run Wild Against Syndergaard and d’Arnaud.” New York Times, March 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kleiner 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kleiner 2007; Walczyk and von Blanckenburg 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walczyk and von Blanckenburg 2002)
  • Three authors: (Komarova, Levy, and Wodarz 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Omi et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Continuing Education
AbbreviationStud. Contin. Educ.
ISSN (print)0158-037X
ISSN (online)1470-126X

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