How to format your references using the Studies in Continuing Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Continuing Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stockman, Mark I. 2015. “Applied Optics. Nanoplasmonic Sensing and Detection.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6232): 287–288.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michalakis, Yannis, and Denis Roze. 2004. “Evolution. Epistasis in RNA Viruses.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5701): 1492–1493.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jalili, Rouhollah, Joselito M. Razal, and Gordon G. Wallace. 2013. “Wet-Spinning of PEDOT:PSS/Functionalized-SWNTs Composite: A Facile Route toward Production of Strong and Highly Conducting Multifunctional Fibers.” Scientific Reports 3 (December): 3438.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zheng, He, Yu Liu, Fan Cao, Shujing Wu, Shuangfeng Jia, Ajing Cao, Dongshan Zhao, and Jianbo Wang. 2013. “Electron Beam-Assisted Healing of Nanopores in Magnesium Alloys.” Scientific Reports 3: 1920.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mitola, Joseph, III. 2002. Software Radio Architecture. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bilo, Rob A. C. 2010. Forensic Aspects of Pediatric Fractures: Differentiating Accidental Trauma from Child Abuse. Edited by Simon G. F. Robben and Rick R. Rijn. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bohacek, Johannes, and Isabelle M. Mansuy. 2012. “Epigenetic Inheritance in Mammals.” In Epigenetics, Brain and Behavior, edited by Paolo Sassone Corsi and Yves Christen, 55–62. Research and Perspectives in Neurosciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Continuing Education.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “Which Country Drinks The Most Alcohol?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. Greater Emphasis on Information Resource Management Is Needed at the Federal Aviation Administration. RCED-83-60. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manuel, Daniel G. 2019. “Integrate or Innovate: Controlling Schedule Risk in Major Defense Acquisition Programs.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, Erin. 1995. “F.Y.I.” New York Times, January 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stockman 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Stockman 2015; Michalakis and Roze 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Michalakis and Roze 2004)
  • Three authors: (Jalili, Razal, and Wallace 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zheng et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Continuing Education
AbbreviationStud. Contin. Educ.
ISSN (print)0158-037X
ISSN (online)1470-126X

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