How to format your references using the Studies in Continuing Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Continuing Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shlesinger, M. F. 2001. “Physics in the Noise.” Nature 411 (6838): 641.
A journal article with 2 authors
Solanki, Sami K., and Natalie A. Krivova. 2011. “Astronomy. Analyzing Solar Cycles.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (6058): 916–917.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lape, Remigijus, David Colquhoun, and Lucia G. Sivilotti. 2008. “On the Nature of Partial Agonism in the Nicotinic Receptor Superfamily.” Nature 454 (7205): 722–727.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lee, S-H, C. Broholm, W. Ratcliff, G. Gasparovic, Q. Huang, T. H. Kim, and S-W Cheong. 2002. “Emergent Excitations in a Geometrically Frustrated Magnet.” Nature 418 (6900): 856–858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berto, Francesco. 2009. There’s Something about Gödel. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Gaudioso, Victor. 2010. Foundation Expression Blend 4 with Silverlight. Edited by Tracy Brown, Ben Renow-Clarke, Corbin Collins, Clay Andres, Steve Anglin, Mark Beckner, Ewan Buckingham, et al. Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Haltinner, Kristin. 2016. “Gender Bending in the Classroom: Teaching Gender Inequity Without Reifying Gender Essentialism and Heteronormativity.” In Teaching Gender and Sex in Contemporary America, edited by Kristin Haltinner and Ryanne Pilgeram, 45–51. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Continuing Education.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “What Can Rats Wearing Jackets Tell Us About Men Who Love Lingerie?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Highway Needs: An Evaluation of DOT’s Process for Assessing the Nation’s Highway Needs. RCED-87-136. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherman, Charles Patrick. 2001. “The Effect of Head and Heart on Municipal Employee Retention.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, Mary J. O. 2015. “Friday File.” New York Times, May 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shlesinger 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Shlesinger 2001; Solanki and Krivova 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Solanki and Krivova 2011)
  • Three authors: (Lape, Colquhoun, and Sivilotti 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lee et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Continuing Education
AbbreviationStud. Contin. Educ.
ISSN (print)0158-037X
ISSN (online)1470-126X

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