How to format your references using the Studies in Continuing Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Continuing Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caron, Sophie J. C. 2013. “Eppendorf. Brains Don’t Play Dice--or Do They?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 342 (6158): 574.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, R. T., and D. R. Lovley. 2000. “Hexadecane Decay by Methanogenesis.” Nature 404 (6779): 722–723.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, Jeongmin, Xiang Gao, and Jorge E. Galán. 2013. “Structure and Function of the Salmonella Typhi Chimaeric A(2)B(5) Typhoid Toxin.” Nature 499 (7458): 350–354.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wu, Yuhua, Yulei Wang, Jun Li, Wei Li, Li Zhang, Yunjing Li, Xiaofei Li, Jun Li, Li Zhu, and Gang Wu. 2014. “Development of a General Method for Detection and Quantification of the P35S Promoter Based on Assessment of Existing Methods.” Scientific Reports 4 (December): 7358.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaffney, Steven, and Colleen Francis. 2009. Honesty Sells. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Futatsugi, Kokichi, Jean-Pierre Jouannaud, and José Meseguer, eds. 2006. Algebra, Meaning, and Computation: Essays Dedicated to Joseph A. Goguen on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday. Vol. 4060. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tanré, Didier, Paulo Artaxo, Sandra Yuter, and Yoram Kaufman. 2009. “In Situ and Remote Sensing Techniques for Measuring Aerosols, Clouds and Precipitation.” In Aerosol Pollution Impact on Precipitation: A Scientific Review, edited by Zev Levin and William R. Cotton, 143–203. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Continuing Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Icy Plumes Bursting From Saturn’s Moon Enceladus Suggest It Could Harbour Life.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Department of Energy: Advanced Technology Vehicle Loan Program Implementation Is Under Way, but Enhanced Technical Oversight and Performance Measures Are Needed. GAO-11-145. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cordova, Monica. 2009. “The Impact of a Teacher Training Program on Student Engagement.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2010. “David Sarkisyan, 62, Moscow Preservationist.” New York Times, January 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Caron 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Caron 2013; Anderson and Lovley 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Lovley 2000)
  • Three authors: (Song, Gao, and Galán 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Continuing Education
AbbreviationStud. Contin. Educ.
ISSN (print)0158-037X
ISSN (online)1470-126X

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