How to format your references using the Student BMJ citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Student BMJ. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Smaglik P. Golden handcuffs. Nature 2003;424:351.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Hogan BM, Black BL. Developmental biology: Diversity in the lymphatic vasculature. Nature 2015;522:37–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Kiesecker JM, Blaustein AR, Belden LK. Complex causes of amphibian population declines. Nature 2001;410:681–4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Berg IA, Kockelkorn D, Buckel W, et al. A 3-hydroxypropionate/4-hydroxybutyrate autotrophic carbon dioxide assimilation pathway in Archaea. Science 2007;318:1782–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Remy J-G, Letamendia C. LTE Services. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2014.
An edited book
1
Benhamou F, editor. Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming - CP 2006: 12th International Conference, CP 2006, Nantes, France, September 25-29, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Seifert T, Pauls F, Fettweis G. Multi-TSV Crosstalk Channel Equalization with Non-uniform Quantization. In: Elfadel I (abe) M, Fettweis G, eds. 3D Stacked Chips: From Emerging Processes to Heterogeneous Systems. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2016. 69–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Student BMJ.

Blog post
1
Andrew D. The Science Of Taste, Or Why You Choose Fries Over Broccoli. IFLScience. 2017.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/the-science-of-taste-or-why-you-choose-fries-over-broccoli/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Airline Deregulation: Changes in Airfares, Service, and Safety at Small, Medium-Sized, and Large Communities. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Fleming TC. The Academic Identity Experience of Liberal Arts Faculty in the Age of New Managerialism. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Baker L. Optimism in the Mormon Heartland. New York Times. 2009;:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStudent BMJ
ISSN (print)0966-6494
Scope

Other styles