How to format your references using the Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yamamoto A (2000) Crowded universities cramp more than just students’ style. Nature 404:13
A journal article with 2 authors
Ward WR, Canup RM (2006) Forced resonant migration of Pluto’s outer satellites by Charon. Science 313:1107–1109
A journal article with 3 authors
Camilleri E, Rohde PP, Twamley J (2014) Quantum walks with tuneable self-avoidance in one dimension. Sci Rep 4:4791
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Graetz N, Friedman J, Osgood-Zimmerman A, et al (2018) Mapping local variation in educational attainment across Africa. Nature 555:48–53

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Estampe D (2014) Supply Chain Performance and Evaluation Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chakraborty S (2014) Computational Musicology in Hindustani Music. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Anđić A, Chae J, Park H, et al (2015) Connection Between Chromospheric Events and Photospheric Dynamics. In: Chae J (ed) Initial Results from the Fast Imaging Solar Spectrograph (FISS). Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–71

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Computing, Uncertainty … Quantum Leaps and Bounds of 2014. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Partial Report-in-Depth Investigation Into Independent Research and Development and Bid and Proposal Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dickinson S (2013) Best practices in integrating acquisitions. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ember S (2016) After 11 Years, The Huffington Post Will No Longer Be Run by Huffington. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
AbbreviationStrategies Trauma Limb Reconstr.
ISSN (print)1828-8936
ISSN (online)1828-8928
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles