How to format your references using the Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Walsworth RL (2004) Applied physics. The maser at 50. Science 306:236–237
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sprangers R, Kay LE (2007) Quantitative dynamics and binding studies of the 20S proteasome by NMR. Nature 445:618–622
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Stach S, Benard J, Giurfa M (2004) Local-feature assembling in visual pattern recognition and generalization in honeybees. Nature 429:758–761
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Korkegian A, Black ME, Baker D, Stoddard BL (2005) Computational thermostabilization of an enzyme. Science 308:857–860

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Dodson B, Hammett PC, Klerx R (2014) Probabilistic Design for Optimization and Robustness for Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Alekseev VR, Stasio BT de, Gilbert JJ (2007) Diapause in Aquatic Invertebrates Theory and Human Use. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Özkaya N, Nordin M, Goldsheyder D, Leger D (2012) Statics: Systems in Equilibrium. In: Nordin M, Goldsheyder D, Leger D (eds) Fundamentals of Biomechanics: Equilibrium, Motion, and Deformation. Springer, New York, NY, pp 35–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Rosetta Spacecraft Targets Comet Landing Site. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2014) Financial Literacy: Overview of Federal Activities, Programs, and Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mitchell JE (2009) Job satisfaction and burnout among foreign -trained nurses in Saudi Arabia: A mixed-method study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hodara S (2017) A Creative Enclave That Welcomes the Eclectic. New York Times RE13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
AbbreviationStrategies Trauma Limb Reconstr.
ISSN (print)1828-8936
ISSN (online)1828-8928
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles