How to format your references using the Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Orgel LE (2004) Molecular biology. Retrospective: Francis Crick (1916-2004). Science 305:1118
A journal article with 2 authors
Sommaruga R, Kandolf G (2014) Negative consequences of glacial turbidity for the survival of freshwater planktonic heterotrophic flagellates. Sci Rep 4:4113
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee S-H, Kwan AC, Dan Y (2014) Interneuron subtypes and orientation tuning. Nature 508:E1-2
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bell RE, Studinger M, Shuman CA, et al (2007) Large subglacial lakes in East Antarctica at the onset of fast-flowing ice streams. Nature 445:904–907

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paolella MS (2006) Fundamental Probability. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Chattot JJ (2015) Theoretical and Applied Aerodynamics: and Related Numerical Methods. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
dos Reis SP, Marques DN, Lima AM, de Souza CRB (2016) Plant Molecular Adaptations and Strategies Under Drought Stress. In: Hossain MA, Wani SH, Bhattacharjee S, et al (eds) Drought Stress Tolerance in Plants, Vol 2: Molecular and Genetic Perspectives. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 91–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Parasitic Wasps Have Genetically Modified Butterflies. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Federal Aviation Administration: Key Issues in Ensuring the Efficient Development and Safe Operation of the Next Generation Air Transportation System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Culver MD (2015) Assessing the influence of emotional intelligence on effective fire service leadership. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Duerden J (2017) Qatar’s World Cup Résumé: Zero Games; 2022 Host. New York Times SP3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
AbbreviationStrategies Trauma Limb Reconstr.
ISSN (print)1828-8936
ISSN (online)1828-8928
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles