How to format your references using the Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Valadkhan S (2005) Young Scientist Award essay winner. Construction of a minimal, protein-free spliceosome. Science 307:863–864
A journal article with 2 authors
Waters MR, Stafford TW Jr (2007) Redefining the age of Clovis: implications for the peopling of the Americas. Science 315:1122–1126
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee JB, Park C, Seoul National University Investigation Committee (2006) Molecular genetics: verification that Snuppy is a clone. Nature 440:E2-3
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Himler AG, Adachi-Hagimori T, Bergen JE, et al (2011) Rapid spread of a bacterial symbiont in an invasive whitefly is driven by fitness benefits and female bias. Science 332:254–256

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crook T, Kemp PA (2010) Transforming Private Landlords. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Dontchev AL (2014) Implicit Functions and Solution Mappings: A View from Variational Analysis, 2nd ed. 2014. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Farley R, Wang X (2009) Roving Bugnet: Distributed Surveillance Threat and Mitigation. In: Gritzalis D, Lopez J (eds) Emerging Challenges for Security, Privacy and Trust: 24th IFIP TC 11 International Information Security Conference, SEC 2009, Pafos, Cyprus, May 18–20, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 39–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Extremely Messy Tardigrade Sex Has Been Filmed For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Better Management and More Resources Needed To Strengthen Federal Efforts To Improve Pregnancy Outcome. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steigner T (2008) A study of cross -border takeovers: Examining the impact of national culture on internalization benefits, and the implications of early versus late -mover status for bidders and their rivals. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB (2017) For Some C.E.O.s, a Trump Invitation Is Risky Business. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
AbbreviationStrategies Trauma Limb Reconstr.
ISSN (print)1828-8936
ISSN (online)1828-8928
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles