How to format your references using the Strahlentherapie und Onkologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strahlentherapie und Onkologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Barabási A-L (2005) The origin of bursts and heavy tails in human dynamics. Nature 435:207–211
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Cooper BG, Goller F (2004) Multimodal signals: enhancement and constraint of song motor patterns by visual display. Science 303:544–546
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sugden A, Smith J, Pennisi E (2008) The future of forests. Science 320:1435
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Mao J-H, Kim I-J, Wu D, et al (2008) FBXW7 targets mTOR for degradation and cooperates with PTEN in tumor suppression. Science 321:1499–1502

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
McLean D (2012) Understanding Aerodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Anker J-P, Orsted B (2005) Lie Theory: Unitary Representations and Compactifications of Symmetric Spaces. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bogojević S (2015) ‘Europeanisation’ of the Judiciary in Southeast Europe. In: Rodin S, Perišin T (eds) Judicial Application of International Law in Southeast Europe. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 65–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strahlentherapie und Onkologie.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K (2016) Why The Deep Space Atomic Clock Is Key For Future Space Exploration. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/why-the-deep-space-atomic-clock-is-key-for-future-space-exploration/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1991) Computer Operations: FAA Needs to Implement an Effective Capacity Management Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Poudel SR (2017) Models and Algorithms to Solve a Reliable and Congested Biomass Supply Chain Network Designing Problem under Uncertainty. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Protess B, Goldstein M, Corkery M (2016) Wells Fargo Subpoenaed in Inquiry of Accounts. New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStrahlentherapie und Onkologie
AbbreviationStrahlenther. Onkol.
ISSN (print)0179-7158
ISSN (online)1439-099X
ScopeOncology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles