How to format your references using the Strahlentherapie und Onkologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strahlentherapie und Onkologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Walker P (2000) Nuclear physics. Doubly magic nickel. Nature 404:447, 449
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Carmeliet P, Jain RK (2000) Angiogenesis in cancer and other diseases. Nature 407:249–257
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sekiguchi Y, Arai K, Kohshima S (2006) Sleep behaviour: sleep in continuously active dolphins. Nature 441:E9-10; discussion E11
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Rappé MS, Connon SA, Vergin KL, Giovannoni SJ (2002) Cultivation of the ubiquitous SAR11 marine bacterioplankton clade. Nature 418:630–633

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schneider HJ (2013) Wittgenstein’s Later Theory of Meaning. John Wiley & Sons Inc., Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Fernandez-Maloigne C (2013) Advanced Color Image Processing and Analysis. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lauritzen TZ, Harris J, Mohand-Said S, et al (2014) Reading Visual Braille with a Retinal Prosthesis. In: Guger C, Allison B, Leuthardt EC (eds) Brain-Computer Interface Research: A State-of-the-Art Summary -2. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 29–39

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strahlentherapie und Onkologie.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2016) Astronomers Have Found “Light Echoes” Of Black Holes Feeding On Stars. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/astronomers-have-found-light-echoes-of-black-holes-feeding-on-stars/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2004) Aviation Security: Preliminary Observations on TSA’s Progress to Allow Airports to Use Private Passenger and Baggage Screening Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sato O (2010) The use of statistical metrics as a decision making tool in brief experimental analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Finnegan JP (2017) Sheridan Expressway Shortcut. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStrahlentherapie und Onkologie
AbbreviationStrahlenther. Onkol.
ISSN (print)0179-7158
ISSN (online)1439-099X
ScopeOncology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles