How to format your references using the Strahlentherapie und Onkologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strahlentherapie und Onkologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
DeMello AJ (2006) Control and detection of chemical reactions in microfluidic systems. Nature 442:394–402
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Anderson R, Moore T (2006) The economics of information security. Science 314:610–613
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Chen W, Shimada S, Tanaka M (2002) Synthesis and structure of formally hexavalent palladium complexes. Science 295:308–310
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Roushan P, Neill C, Tangpanitanon J, et al (2017) Spectroscopic signatures of localization with interacting photons in superconducting qubits. Science 358:1175–1179

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Gleeson K (2008) The Personal Efficiency Program. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Yang B, Du D-Z, Wang CA (2008) Combinatorial Optimization and Applications: Second International Conference, COCOA 2008, St. John’s, NL, Canada, August 21-24, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Biolek D, Biolek Z (2014) Fourth Fundamental Circuit Element: SPICE Modeling and Simulation. In: Tetzlaff R (ed) Memristors and Memristive Systems. Springer, New York, NY, pp 105–162

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strahlentherapie und Onkologie.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Hurricane Forecast Accuracy Is Improving, But Don’t Overly Focus On The Skinny Black Line. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/hurricane-forecast-accuracy-improving-don-t-overly-focus-skinny-black-line/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2006) Fiscal Year 2007 Performance Plans. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Charoenphol D (2017) Using robust statistical methodology to evaluate the performance of project delivery systems: A case study of horizontal construction. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hubbard B (2017) At a ‘Defense’ Expo, an Antiseptic World of Weaponry. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStrahlentherapie und Onkologie
AbbreviationStrahlenther. Onkol.
ISSN (print)0179-7158
ISSN (online)1439-099X
ScopeOncology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles