How to format your references using the Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Stierle, Materials science. Tracking corrosion cracking, Science. 321 (2008) 349–350.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.E. Aldy, R.N. Stavins, Climate change. Climate negotiators create an opportunity for scholars, Science. 337 (2012) 1043–1044.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.P. Vielle-Calzada, R. Baskar, U. Grossniklaus, Delayed activation of the paternal genome during seed development, Nature. 404 (2000) 91–94.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.E. Hunt, L.A. David, D. Gevers, S.P. Preheim, E.J. Alm, M.F. Polz, Resource partitioning and sympatric differentiation among closely related bacterioplankton, Science. 320 (2008) 1081–1085.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O. Vanbésien, Artificial Materials, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
D.A. Taylor, S.P. Sherry, R.F. Sing, eds., Interventional Critical Care: A Manual for Advanced Care Practitioners, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Lei, C. Lin, Z. Zhong, Performance Analysis of Device-to-Device Communications with Dynamic Interference Using SPNs, in: C. Lin, Z. Zhong (Eds.), Stochastic Petri Nets for Wireless Networks, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 41–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Earth and Moon Are 60 Million Years Older Than Previously Believed, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Intelligent Transportation Systems: Vehicle-to-Vehicle Technologies Expected to Offer Safety Benefits, but a Variety of Deployment Challenges Exist, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.J. Conti, The online teaching skills and best practices of virtual classroom teachers: A mixed method Delphi study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Lee, Bring On The Wind And Water, New York Times. (2013) D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSpectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy
AbbreviationSpectrochim. Acta Part B At. Spectrosc.
ISSN (print)0584-8547
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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