How to format your references using the South African Journal of Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South African Journal of Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wolpert, L., 2000. The well-spring. Nature 405, 887.
A journal article with 2 authors
von Storch, H., Stehr, N., 2000. Climate change in perspective. Nature 405, 615.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bastos-Aristizabal, S., Kozlov, G., Gehring, K., 2014. Structure of the substrate-binding b’ domain of the Protein Disulfide Isomerase-Like protein of the Testis. Sci. Rep. 4, 4464.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brandt, K., Wolff, M.F.H., Salikov, V., Heinrich, S., Schneider, G.A., 2013. A novel method for a multi-level hierarchical composite with brick-and-mortar structure. Sci. Rep. 3, 2322.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim, D., 2006. Microcontroller Based Applied Digital Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nikookar, H., 2009. Introduction to Ultra Wideband for Wireless Communications, Signals and Communication Technology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Manzo, C., Marrucci, L., Manzo, P., 2008. Time-Resolved Fluorescence and Dichroism in Absorbing Liquids, in: Torre, R. (Ed.), Time-Resolved Spectroscopy in Complex Liquids: An Experimental Perspective. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 217–245.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South African Journal of Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Doctors Warn About New Year “Detoxes” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Need To Reexamine JTIDS Requirements and Architecture (No. MASAD-82-28). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, J.T., 2010. Evaluation of a social science simulation by uncertainty analysis and comparison (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2016. French Group Suspends Three Players for Unprofessional Behavior. New York Times B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wolpert, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (von Storch and Stehr, 2000; Wolpert, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (von Storch and Stehr, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Brandt et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth African Journal of Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationS. Afr. J. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)1026-9185

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