How to format your references using the South African Journal of Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South African Journal of Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoy, R.R., 2012. Evolution. Convergent evolution of hearing. Science 338, 894–895.
A journal article with 2 authors
Codelli, J.A., Reisman, S.E., 2013. Chemistry. Pactamycin made easy. Science 340, 152–153.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weil, D., Graham, M., Fung, A., 2013. Science and regulation. Targeting transparency. Science 340, 1410–1411.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stickgold, R., Hobson, J.A., Fosse, R., Fosse, M., 2001. Sleep, learning, and dreams: off-line memory reprocessing. Science 294, 1052–1057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Primak, S.L., Kontorovich, V., 2011. Wireless Multi-Antenna Channels. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Shaikh, F.K., Chowdhry, B.S., Zeadally, S., Hussain, D.M.A., Memon, A.A., Uqaili, M.A. (Eds.), 2014. Communication Technologies, Information Security and Sustainable Development: Third International Multi-topic Conference, IMTIC 2013, Jamshoro, Pakistan, December 18--20, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bobrowski, A., Kimmel, M., 2015. Mathematical Tools, in: Kimmel, M. (Ed.), An Operator Semigroup in Mathematical Genetics, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 23–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South African Journal of Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Same Genes Influence Exam Results Across A Range Of School Subjects [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Minimum Requirements Are Needed for Colleges and Universities To Justify Research Equipment Purchases (No. HRD-78-52). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crockett, W., 2017. Student Transitions Into the Full-Time Virtual High School Setting (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southall, A., 2016. Makeover Set for Police Building at Heart of a Sleeker Times Sq. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoy, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Codelli and Reisman, 2013; Hoy, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Codelli and Reisman, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Stickgold et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth African Journal of Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationS. Afr. J. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)1026-9185

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