How to format your references using the South African Journal of Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South African Journal of Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Segalman, R.A., 2008. Materials science. Directing self-assembly toward perfection. Science 321, 919–920.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berlin, S., Ellegren, H., 2001. Evolutionary genetics. Clonal inheritance of avian mitochondrial DNA. Nature 413, 37–38.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerstner, W., Sprekeler, H., Deco, G., 2012. Theory and simulation in neuroscience. Science 338, 60–65.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, T.Y., Tesanovic, Z., Liu, R.H., Chen, X.H., Chien, C.L., 2008. A BCS-like gap in the superconductor SmFeAsO0.85F0.15. Nature 453, 1224–1227.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gray, D.R.J.M., Al-Ani, D.M.Z., 2011. Temporomandibular Disorders. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Bora, P.K., Prasanna, S.R.M., Sarma, K.K., Saikia, N. (Eds.), 2015. Advances in Communication and Computing, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Tytler, R., 2009. Longitudinal Studies into Science Learning: Methodological Issues, in: Shelley, M.C., Yore, L.D., Hand, B. (Eds.), Quality Research in Literacy and Science Education: International Perspectives and Gold Standards. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 83–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South African Journal of Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Nepal Earthquake: Such Huge Aftershocks Are Rare [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Mass Transit: FTA’s Projections Could Better Reflect State and Local Needs (No. T-RCED-93-17). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edwards, D.H., 2017. Why Do They Get High?: An Examination of Social Bond Theory and Substance Use in College (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2011. Illinois Plan For Pensions Questioned. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Segalman, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Berlin and Ellegren, 2001; Segalman, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berlin and Ellegren, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth African Journal of Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationS. Afr. J. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)1026-9185

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