How to format your references using the Social Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ghosh, A. (2002). Neurobiology. Learning more about NMDA receptor regulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5554), 449–451.
A journal article with 2 authors
Norton, D. A., & Didham, R. K. (2007). Comment on “Why are there so many species of herbivorous insects in tropical rainforests?” Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5819), 1666; author reply 1666.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wearn, O. R., Reuman, D. C., & Ewers, R. M. (2012). Extinction debt and windows of conservation opportunity in the Brazilian Amazon. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6091), 228–232.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Abbondanzieri, E. A., Bokinsky, G., Rausch, J. W., Zhang, J. X., Le Grice, S. F. J., & Zhuang, X. (2008). Dynamic binding orientations direct activity of HIV reverse transcriptase. Nature, 453(7192), 184–189.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Federer, W. T., & King, F. (2007). Variations on Split Plot and Split Block Experiment Designs: Federer/Variations on Split Plot and Split Block Experiment Designs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Arnold, V. I. (2006). Mathematical Aspects of Classical and Celestial Mechanics: Third Edition (V. V. Kozlov & A. I. Neishtadt, Eds.; Vol. 3). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Erdemir, U., Yildiz, E., & Yucel, T. (2016). Esthetic Parameters/Smile Design. In U. Erdemir & E. Yildiz (Eds.), Esthetic and Functional Management of Diastema: A Multidisciplinary Approach (pp. 53–64). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Neuroscience.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, February 3). Whale That Had To Be Euthanized Found With 30 Plastic Bags In Its Stomach. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Cybersecurity: Key Challenges Need to Be Addressed to Improve Research and Development (GAO-10-466). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waterman, M. A. (2015). Housing for the homeless mentally ill population: A grant writing project [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, January 23). Finalists Take Similar Routs. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ghosh, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Ghosh, 2002; Norton & Didham, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Norton & Didham, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Wearn et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Abbondanzieri et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Neuroscience
AbbreviationSoc. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1747-0919
ISSN (online)1747-0927
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Social Psychology

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