How to format your references using the Social Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manning, C. E. (2011). Geochemistry. Sulfur surprises in deep geological fluids. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6020), 1018–1019.
A journal article with 2 authors
Soukoulis, C. M., & Wegener, M. (2010). Materials science. Optical metamaterials--more bulky and less lossy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6011), 1633–1634.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, Q., Tao, H. W., & Poo, M.-M. (2003). Reversal and stabilization of synaptic modifications in a developing visual system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5627), 1953–1957.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zou, D.-J., Feinstein, P., Rivers, A. L., Mathews, G. A., Kim, A., Greer, C. A., Mombaerts, P., & Firestein, S. (2004). Postnatal refinement of peripheral olfactory projections. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5679), 1976–1979.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, & American Industrial Hygiene Association. (2009). Continuous Monitoring for Hazardous Material Releases. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Abdulla, P. A., & Leino, K. R. M. (Eds.). (2011). Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems: 17th International Conference, TACAS 2011, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2011, Saarbrücken, Germany, March 26–April 3, 2011. Proceedings (Vol. 6605). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dong, J., Chang, H.-D., & Radbruch, A. (2016). Epigenetic Imprinting of Immunological Memory. In W. Doerfler & P. Böhm (Eds.), Epigenetics - A Different Way of Looking at Genetics (pp. 53–67). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 26). Astronomers Spot Incredibly Rare Quasar Quartet. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Federal Family Education Loan Program: More Oversight Is Needed for Schools That Are Lenders (GAO-05-184). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ready, C. (2014). Preventing childhood obesity in foster children: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, W. by J. (2017, August 23). Silence Is Golden. New York Times, MB7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Manning, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Manning, 2011; Soukoulis & Wegener, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Soukoulis & Wegener, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Zhou et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zou et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Neuroscience
AbbreviationSoc. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1747-0919
ISSN (online)1747-0927
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Social Psychology

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