How to format your references using the Social Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes, A. (2007). Obituary: Alan Graham MacDiarmid (1927-2007). Nature, 446(7134), 390.
A journal article with 2 authors
King, M.-C., & Motulsky, A. G. (2002). Human genetics. Mapping human history. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5602), 2342–2343.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Nions, K., Pitman, R., & Marsh, C. (2002). Science of nuclear warheads. Nature, 415(6874), 853–857.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, W.-H., Xu, X.-D., Luo, G.-F., Jia, H.-Z., Lei, Q., Cheng, S.-X., Zhuo, R.-X., & Zhang, X.-Z. (2013). Dual-targeting pro-apoptotic peptide for programmed cancer cell death via specific mitochondria damage. Scientific Reports, 3, 3468.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walkenbach, J. (2010). Excel® 2010 Power Programming with VBA. Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Hesselman, C., & Giannelli, C. (Eds.). (2009). Mobile Wireless Middleware, Operating Systems, and Applications - Workshops: Mobilware 2009 Workshops, Berlin, Germany, April 2009, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 12). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Güner-Akdogan, G. (2012). Postgraduate Education Workshops as a Model of Education and Discussion Platforms. In M. A. R. B. Castanho & G. Güner-Akdogan (Eds.), The Researching, Teaching, and Learning Triangle (pp. 35–54). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Neuroscience.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 22). New Holes Found In Curiosity Rover’s Wheels On Mars. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Office of Personnel Management: Agency Needs to Improve Outcome Measures to Demonstrate the Value of Its Innovation Lab (GAO-14-306). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Van Name, J. (2013). Boolean Partition Algebras [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, July 6). Baseball; Rainout Gives Injured Mets More Rest. New York Times, B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmes, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Holmes, 2007; King & Motulsky, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (King & Motulsky, 2002)
  • Three authors: (O’Nions et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Neuroscience
AbbreviationSoc. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1747-0919
ISSN (online)1747-0927
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Social Psychology

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