How to format your references using the Social Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wickware, P. (2002). Fields of dreams. Nature, 415(6870), 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maselli, V., & Trincardi, F. (2013). Man made deltas. Scientific Reports, 3, 1926.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saether, B.-E., Engen, S., & Matthysen, E. (2002). Demographic characteristics and population dynamical patterns of solitary birds. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5562), 2070–2073.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jo, G.-B., Lee, Y.-R., Choi, J.-H., Christensen, C. A., Kim, T. H., Thywissen, J. H., Pritchard, D. E., & Ketterle, W. (2009). Itinerant ferromagnetism in a Fermi gas of ultracold atoms. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5947), 1521–1524.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zlokarnik, M. (2005). Scale-up. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Tsao, J. W. (Ed.). (2012). Traumatic Brain Injury: A Clinician’s Guide to Diagnosis, Management, and Rehabilitation. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fujiwara, H., Iwama, K., & Sekiguchi, Y. (2008). Average-Case Competitive Analyses for One-Way Trading. In X. Hu & J. Wang (Eds.), Computing and Combinatorics: 14th Annual International Conference, COCOON 2008 Dalian, China, June 27-29, 2008 Proceedings (pp. 41–51). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 22). Brain Cells Break Their Own DNA to Allow Memories to Form. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes (GAO-06-198R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clater, M. J. (2009). Interposed between God and man: Agency in the Requiems of Berlioz and Fauré [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (1993, October 24). From Warhol to Rathole. New York Times, 714.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wickware, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Maselli & Trincardi, 2013; Wickware, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maselli & Trincardi, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Saether et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jo et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Neuroscience
AbbreviationSoc. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1747-0919
ISSN (online)1747-0927
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Social Psychology

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