How to format your references using the Social Choice and Welfare citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Choice and Welfare. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith A (2002) Screening for drug discovery: the leading question. Nature 418:453–459
A journal article with 2 authors
Armbrust EV, Palumbi SR (2015) Marine biology. Uncovering hidden worlds of ocean biodiversity. Science 348:865–867
A journal article with 3 authors
Usami Y, Wu Y, Göttlinger HG (2015) SERINC3 and SERINC5 restrict HIV-1 infectivity and are counteracted by Nef. Nature 526:218–223
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kunze A, Bally M, Höök F, Larson G (2013) Equilibrium-fluctuation-analysis of single liposome binding events reveals how cholesterol and Ca2+ modulate glycosphingolipid trans-interactions. Sci Rep 3:1452

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Troppens U, Erkens R, Müller W (2004) Storage Networks Explained. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Albeverio S, Jentsch V, Kantz H (eds) (2006) Extreme Events in Nature and Society. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hekkala R, Heiskanen A, Rossi M (2015) The Role of Social Capital as Antecedent in Clan Formation in Information Systems Outsourcing Project. In: Oshri I, Kotlarsky J, Willcocks LP (eds) Achieving Success and Innovation in Global Sourcing: Perspectives and Practices: 9th Global Sourcing Workshop 2015, La Thuile, Italy, February 18-21, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 83–99

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Choice and Welfare.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) We Will Soon Be Able To Test For Cancer Or Heart Disease As Easily As Pregnancy. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Supply Chain Security: CBP Needs to Conduct Regular Assessments of Its Cargo Targeting System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brigida MD (2009) Target stock price runup prior to acquisitions. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Setting a New Standard for a Long-Beleaguered Franchise. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2002; Armbrust and Palumbi 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Armbrust and Palumbi 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kunze et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Choice and Welfare
AbbreviationSoc. Choice Welfare
ISSN (print)0176-1714
ISSN (online)1432-217X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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