How to format your references using the Social Choice and Welfare citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Choice and Welfare. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker VR (2002) Earth sciences. The study of superfloods. Science 295:2379–2380
A journal article with 2 authors
Kneller EA, van Keken PE (2007) Trench-parallel flow and seismic anisotropy in the Mariana and Andean subduction systems. Nature 450:1222–1225
A journal article with 3 authors
Zachos JC, Dickens GR, Zeebe RE (2008) An early Cenozoic perspective on greenhouse warming and carbon-cycle dynamics. Nature 451:279–283
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tabata K, Braam D, Kushida S, et al (2014) Self-assembled conjugated polymer spheres as fluorescent microresonators. Sci Rep 4:5902

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yin G (2011) Clinical Trial Design: Bayesian and Frequentist Adaptive Methods. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bain PA (2009) Effective Migraine Treatment in Pregnant and Lactating Women: A Practical Guide. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Benavides-Serrato M, Borrero-Pérez GH, Cantera K JR, et al (2013) Echinoderms of Colombia. In: Alvarado JJ, Solis-Marin FA (eds) Echinoderm Research and Diversity in Latin America. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 145–182

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Choice and Welfare.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) First Primate’s Lifestyle All In The Ankles. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) International Aviation: Implications of Ratifying Montreal Aviation Protocol No. 3. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crowley CE (2012) Aging of Florida Blue Crabs, Callinectes sapidus, Through the Biochemical Extraction of Lipofuscin. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Luongo MT (2017) Capturing A City at War With Itself. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Baker 2002; Kneller and van Keken 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kneller and van Keken 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Tabata et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Choice and Welfare
AbbreviationSoc. Choice Welfare
ISSN (print)0176-1714
ISSN (online)1432-217X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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