How to format your references using the Social Choice and Welfare citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Choice and Welfare. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stewart I I (2000) Mathematics. A gathering of groups. Nature 403:719–720
A journal article with 2 authors
Ives AR, Whitlock MC (2002) Ecology. Inbreeding and metapopulations. Science 295:454–455
A journal article with 3 authors
Holmberg VC, Panthani MG, Korgel BA (2009) Phase transitions, melting dynamics, and solid-state diffusion in a nano test tube. Science 326:405–407
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li Q, Zhang D, Wang Y, et al (2013) MiR-21/Smad 7 signaling determines TGF-β1-induced CAF formation. Sci Rep 3:2038

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martindale W (2014) Global Food Security and Supply. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Cavalieri P (ed) (2016) Philosophy and the Politics of Animal Liberation. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Dubois E, Kubicki S, Ramel S, Rifaut A (2012) Capturing and Aligning Assurance Requirements for Business Services Systems. In: Ardagna CA, Damiani E, Maciaszek LA, et al. (eds) Business System Management and Engineering: From Open Issues to Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 71–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Choice and Welfare.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Could Losing Your Sense of Smell Foretell Looming Death? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Electronic Government: Progress and Challenges in Implementing the Office of Personnel Management’s Initiatives. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Veru PT (2009) The National-Dobro Guitar Company: How the resonator guitar survived the age of electric amplification. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices, 5 to 4, Overturn 3 Texas Death Sentences. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stewart 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Stewart 2000; Ives and Whitlock 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ives and Whitlock 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Choice and Welfare
AbbreviationSoc. Choice Welfare
ISSN (print)0176-1714
ISSN (online)1432-217X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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