How to format your references using the Social Choice and Welfare citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Choice and Welfare. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Williams Q (2014) Geophysics. Deep mantle matters. Science 344:800–801
A journal article with 2 authors
Little DP, Jeanson ML (2013) DNA barcode authentication of saw palmetto herbal dietary supplements. Sci Rep 3:3518
A journal article with 3 authors
Kersten S, Desvergne B, Wahli W (2000) Roles of PPARs in health and disease. Nature 405:421–424
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ansari D, Andersson B, Ohlsson M, et al (2013) CODUSA--customize optimal donor using simulated annealing in heart transplantation. Sci Rep 3:1922

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Botsai E, Kaneshiro C, Cuccia P, Pajo H (2010) The Architect’s Guide to Preventing Water Infiltration. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
De Gloria A (ed) (2016) Applications in Electronics Pervading Industry, Environment and Society: APPLEPIES 2014, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bosse T, Mogles NM (2014) An Agent-Based Approach for Accident Analysis in Safety Critical Domains: A Case Study on a Runway Incursion Incident. In: Nguyen NT, Kowalczyk R, Fred A, Joaquim F (eds) Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XVII. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 66–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Choice and Welfare.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Supercomputer Network Employed To Shed Light On The Dark Universe. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Next Generation Air Transportation System: Linking Test Facilities Can Help Leverage Resources and Improve Technology Transfer Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hannington RL (2011) Power and display in the court music of Augustus the Strong: The influences affecting the composition of Johann David Heinichens’s sinfonias. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2016) Green Day Is No. 1. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Williams 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Little and Jeanson 2013; Williams 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Little and Jeanson 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ansari et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Choice and Welfare
AbbreviationSoc. Choice Welfare
ISSN (print)0176-1714
ISSN (online)1432-217X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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