How to format your references using the Social Choice and Welfare citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Choice and Welfare. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Segalman RA (2008) Materials science. Directing self-assembly toward perfection. Science 321:919–920
A journal article with 2 authors
Batistatou A, Charalabopoulos K (2008) The picture of Oscar X. Nature 455:834
A journal article with 3 authors
Masle J, Gilmore SR, Farquhar GD (2005) The ERECTA gene regulates plant transpiration efficiency in Arabidopsis. Nature 436:866–870
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Esnault C, Heidmann O, Delebecque F, et al (2005) APOBEC3G cytidine deaminase inhibits retrotransposition of endogenous retroviruses. Nature 433:430–433

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arboleda H, Royer J-C (2012) Model-Driven and Software Product Line Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Salakoski T, Ginter F, Pyysalo S, Pahikkala T (eds) (2006) Advances in Natural Language Processing: 5th International Conference on NLP, FinTAL 2006 Turku, Finland, August 23-25, 2006 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Azam NF, Viktor HL (2013) Spectral Clustering: An Explorative Study of Proximity Measures. In: Fred A, Dietz JLG, Liu K, Filipe J (eds) Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management: Third International Joint Conference, IC3K 2011, Paris, France, October 26-29, 2011. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 60–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Choice and Welfare.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) State Of The World’s Plants Report Highlights 28,000 Species With Medicinal Properties. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Army Deployment: Better Transportation Planning Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao L (2017) Modeling, Estimation and Approximation in Structured Models. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2014) To Go Further, Speedskaters Had to Let Go of Their Wheels. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Segalman 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Segalman 2008; Batistatou and Charalabopoulos 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Batistatou and Charalabopoulos 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Esnault et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Choice and Welfare
AbbreviationSoc. Choice Welfare
ISSN (print)0176-1714
ISSN (online)1432-217X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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