How to format your references using the Social Choice and Welfare citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Choice and Welfare. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2002) Turning oil into science: Norway. Nature 420:A13, A15
A journal article with 2 authors
Kellner AWA, Campos D de A (2002) The function of the cranial crest and jaws of a unique pterosaur from the Early Cretaceous of Brazil. Science 297:389–392
A journal article with 3 authors
Muchnik L, Aral S, Taylor SJ (2013) Social influence bias: a randomized experiment. Science 341:647–651
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Alabi AA, Bahamonde MI, Jung HJ, et al (2007) Portability of paddle motif function and pharmacology in voltage sensors. Nature 450:370–375

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhu FXX, Hoehn R, Thakkar V, Yuh E (2017) Hydroprocessing for Clean Energy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey
An edited book
Lund A, Shiotani M (eds) (2014) Applications of EPR in Radiation Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Graves N, Jarvis W, Halton K (2009) Changes Arising from the Adoption of Infection Control Programs. In: Halton K, Jarvis W (eds) Economics and Preventing Healthcare Acquired Infection. Springer, New York, NY, pp 67–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Choice and Welfare.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) World’s First Fluorescent Frog Discovered In The Amazon. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Cooperative Actions Result in More Economical Computer Acquisition and Improved Security at the New Orleans Computer Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey CN (2015) The influence of gardens on resilience in older adults living in a continuing care community. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E (1995) PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times 1315

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kellner and Campos 2002; Smaglik 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kellner and Campos 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Alabi et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Choice and Welfare
AbbreviationSoc. Choice Welfare
ISSN (print)0176-1714
ISSN (online)1432-217X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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