How to format your references using the Shape Memory and Superelasticity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Shape Memory and Superelasticity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Flasar FM (2006) Planetary science. Titan’s polar weather. Science 313:1582–1583
A journal article with 2 authors
Wade J, Wood BJ (2001) The Earth’s “missing” niobium may be in the core. Nature 409:75–78
A journal article with 3 authors
Pichersky E, Noel JP, Dudareva N (2006) Biosynthesis of plant volatiles: nature’s diversity and ingenuity. Science 311:808–811
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gallo E, Fender R, Kaiser C, et al (2005) A dark jet dominates the power output of the stellar black hole Cygnus X-1. Nature 436:819–821

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lunt RR, Cunic JD (2000) Profiles in Flue Gas Desulfurization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lebed A (2008) The Physics of Organic Superconductors and Conductors. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Jiang T, Yan X, Han Z (2010) The Comparison and Analysis of GP, GEP and GEP_EDA in Modeling System. In: Cai Z, Tong H, Kang Z, Liu Y (eds) Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Systems: 5th International Symposium, ISICA 2010, Wuhan, China, October 22-24, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 37–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Shape Memory and Superelasticity.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Astronomers Just Discovered One Of The Most Massive Objects In The Universe Hiding Behind The Milky Way. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Electronic Government: Challenges Must Be Addressed With Effective Leadership and Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Madapatha SA (2015) Energy efficient hierarchical wireless routing protocol (EEHW routing protocol). Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2017) Hedge Fund Sues to Have Puerto Rico’s Bankruptcy Case Thrown Out. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleShape Memory and Superelasticity
ISSN (print)2199-384X
ISSN (online)2199-3858

Other styles