How to format your references using the Shape Memory and Superelasticity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Shape Memory and Superelasticity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nelson WJ (2003) Adaptation of core mechanisms to generate cell polarity. Nature 422:766–774
A journal article with 2 authors
Hug C, Lodish HF (2005) Medicine. Visfatin: a new adipokine. Science 307:366–367
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-Yehuda S, Rudner DZ, Losick R (2003) RacA, a bacterial protein that anchors chromosomes to the cell poles. Science 299:532–536
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chu D, Guo D, Tao Y, et al (2014) Evidence for rapid spatiotemporal changes in genetic structure of an alien whitefly during initial invasion. Sci Rep 4:4396

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sanchez A, Carro B (2017) Digital Services in the 21st Century. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lorrain P (2006) Magneto-Fluid Dynamics: Fundamentals and Case Studies of Natural Phenomena. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Kutteh WH (2016) Inherited and Acquired Thrombophilias and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes. In: Bashiri A, Harlev A, Agarwal A (eds) Recurrent Pregnancy Loss: Evidence-Based Evaluation, Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 67–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Shape Memory and Superelasticity.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Does A Mum’s Diet During Pregnancy Influence Her Baby’s Food Preferences? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Need for Full Cost Reporting and Participating Agreement on SEASAT-A Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Durak D (2016) Improving forecasting accuracy of electric switch demand using artificial neural network and aggregate customer clustering techniques. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2001) Residents Banish a Coffee Cart, Amid Cries of Uncaring Elitism. New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleShape Memory and Superelasticity
ISSN (print)2199-384X
ISSN (online)2199-3858

Other styles