How to format your references using the Sensors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sensors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carlson, E.W. Condensed-matter physics: Charge topology in superconductors. Nature 2015, 525, 329–330.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coley, P.D.; Kursar, T.A. Ecology. On tropical forests and their pests. Science 2014, 343, 35–36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sessa, P.; Meconi, F.; Han, S. Double dissociation of neural responses supporting perceptual and cognitive components of social cognition: evidence from processing of others’ pain. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7424.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Makeig, S.; Westerfield, M.; Jung, T.P.; Enghoff, S.; Townsend, J.; Courchesne, E.; Sejnowski, T.J. Dynamic brain sources of visual evoked responses. Science 2002, 295, 690–694.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coleman, D.D.; Westcott, D.A.; Harkins, B.E. CWSP®: Certified Wireless Security Professional Study Guide CWSP-205; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Indianapolis, Indiana, 2016; ISBN 9781119419341.
An edited book
ISAC and ARIEL: The TRIUMF Radioactive Beam Facilities and the Scientific Program; Dilling, J., Krücken, R., Merminga, L., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014; ISBN 9789400779624.
A chapter in an edited book
Kerekes, R.; Walgenbach, P. Don’t Be Unhappy, You Can Be Perfect! The Institutionalization of Aesthetic Surgery. In Institutions Inc; Weik, E., Walgenbach, P., Eds.; Palgrave Macmillan UK: London, 2016; pp. 63–93 ISBN 9781349694174.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sensors.

Blog post
Davis, J. UK Has Formally Given The Go-Ahead To Three-Parent Babies Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Assessment of the Impact of the Teacher Corps Program at the University of Miami and Participating Schools in South Florida; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1971;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cannon, M.P. Cenozoic kinematics of the Little Pine fault, Santa Maria Basin, California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. Putin to Take Helm of Party After Leaving The Presidency. New York Times 2008, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSensors
AbbreviationSensors (Basel)
ISSN (online)1424-8220
Analytical Chemistry
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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