How to format your references using the Sensors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sensors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kieffer, J. Materials Science. Not Too Hot to Handle. Science 2003, 299, 1998–1999.
A journal article with 2 authors
Corma, A.; Serna, P. Chemoselective Hydrogenation of Nitro Compounds with Supported Gold Catalysts. Science 2006, 313, 332–334.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-Yehuda, S.; Rudner, D.Z.; Losick, R. RacA, a Bacterial Protein That Anchors Chromosomes to the Cell Poles. Science 2003, 299, 532–536.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vassylyev, D.G.; Sekine, S.-I.; Laptenko, O.; Lee, J.; Vassylyeva, M.N.; Borukhov, S.; Yokoyama, S. Crystal Structure of a Bacterial RNA Polymerase Holoenzyme at 2.6 A Resolution. Nature 2002, 417, 712–719.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
De Larminat, P. Climate Change; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014; ISBN 9781119053989.
An edited book
Knowledge Management and Acquisition for Smart Systems and Services: 13th Pacific Rim Knowledge Acquisition Workshop, PKAW 2014, Gold Cost, Qld, Australia, December 1-2, 2014. Proceedings; Kim, Y.S., Kang, B.H., Richards, D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; Vol. 8863; ISBN 9783319133317.
A chapter in an edited book
Subramanya Rao, S.R. Three Dimensional Montgomery Ladder, Differential Point Tripling on Montgomery Curves and Point Quintupling on Weierstrass’ and Edwards Curves. In Progress in Cryptology – AFRICACRYPT 2016: 8th International Conference on Cryptology in Africa, Fes, Morocco, April 13-15, 2016, Proceedings; Pointcheval, D., Nitaj, A., Rachidi, T., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 84–106 ISBN 9783319315164.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sensors.

Blog post
Fang, J. Breaking Waves Disturb Earth’s Magnetic Field Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Head Start: Better Data and Processes Needed to Monitor Underenrollment; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2003;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crivello, A. DNA Methylation of the Interferon-Gamma Promoter in Association with Overexpression of the Interferon-Gamma Gene in Periodontal Disease. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina: Chapel Hill, NC, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M. July’s Most Popular Listings. New York Times 2017, RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSensors
AbbreviationSensors (Basel)
ISSN (online)1424-8220
Analytical Chemistry
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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