How to format your references using the Sensors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sensors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz, L. Chemoprevention: First line of defence. Nature 2011, 471, S5-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kidder, S.Q.; Vonder Haar, T.H. Atmospheric science. Observing weather from space. Science 2010, 327, 1085–1086.
A journal article with 3 authors
Diddams, S.A.; Hollberg, L.; Mbele, V. Molecular fingerprinting with the resolved modes of a femtosecond laser frequency comb. Nature 2007, 445, 627–630.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ogawa, Y.; Kim, S.K.; Dana, R.; Clayton, J.; Jain, S.; Rosenblatt, M.I.; Perez, V.L.; Shikari, H.; Riemens, A.; Tsubota, K. International Chronic Ocular Graft-vs-Host-Disease (GVHD) Consensus Group: proposed diagnostic criteria for chronic GVHD (Part I). Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3419.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kazimierczuk, M.K. RF Power Amplifiers; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2014; ISBN 9781118844373.
An edited book
Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality: 22nd International Working Conference, REFSQ 2016, Gothenburg, Sweden, March 14-17, 2016, Proceedings; Daneva, M., Pastor, O., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; 1st ed. 2016.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 9619; ISBN 9783319302812.
A chapter in an edited book
Kastrinogiannis, T.; Tcholtchev, N.; Prakash, A.; Chaparadza, R.; Kaldanis, V.; Coskun, H.; Papavassiliou, S. Addressing Stability in Future Autonomic Networking. In Mobile Networks and Management: Second International ICST Conference, MONAMI 2010, Santander, Spain, September 22-24, 2010, Revised Selected Papers; Pentikousis, K., Agüero, R., García-Arranz, M., Papavassiliou, S., Eds.; Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp. 50–61 ISBN 9783642214431.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sensors.

Blog post
Fang, J. Fistfights May Have Shaped the Faces of Our Ancestors Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office SEC: EDGAR Dissemination Update; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wenger, M.C. Free-choice family learning experiences at informal astronomy observing events. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona: Tucson, AZ, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Arango, T. Food Poisoning Sickens Hundreds of Iraqis at U.N.-Run Camp. New York Times 2017, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSensors
AbbreviationSensors (Basel)
ISSN (online)1424-8220
Analytical Chemistry
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles