How to format your references using the Sensors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sensors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pyle, A.M. Capping by Branching: A New Ribozyme Makes Tiny Lariats. Science 2005, 309, 1530–1531.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bergman, A.; Siegal, M.L. Evolutionary Capacitance as a General Feature of Complex Gene Networks. Nature 2003, 424, 549–552.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parens, E.; Johnston, J.; Moses, J. Ethics. Do We Need “Synthetic Bioethics”? Science 2008, 321, 1449.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, J.; Bartesaghi, A.; Borgnia, M.J.; Sapiro, G.; Subramaniam, S. Molecular Architecture of Native HIV-1 Gp120 Trimers. Nature 2008, 455, 109–113.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe, P. Essential Statistics for the Pharmaceutical Sciences; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015; ISBN 9781119109075.
An edited book
Biometrics, Computer Security Systems and Artificial Intelligence Applications; Saeed, K., Pejaś, J., Mosdorf, R., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2006; ISBN 9780387362328.
A chapter in an edited book
El-Salhy, M.; Hatlebakk, J.G.; Hausken, T. How Is Irritable Bowel Syndrome Diagnosed? In Understanding and Controlling the Irritable Bowel; Hatlebakk, J.G., Hausken, T., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 39–43 ISBN 9783319156415.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sensors.

Blog post
Hale, T. Brain Monitor Ensures You Aren’t Aware While Under Anesthetic (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Secondary Market Activities of the Student Loan Marketing Association; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1984;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watterson, T. Changes in Attitudes and Behaviors Toward Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Social Support for Middle School Students Using the AFIT App as a Supplement to Instruction in a Physical Education Class. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida: Tampa, FL, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. Fight Heats Up Again Over Grassy Bed of Rails. New York Times 2002, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSensors
AbbreviationSensors (Basel)
ISSN (online)1424-8220
Analytical Chemistry
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles