How to format your references using the Sensors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sensors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gitler, A.D. Neuroscience. Another Reason to Exercise. Science 2011, 334, 606–607.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gardner, K.H.; Correa, F. Plant Science. How Plants See the Invisible. Science 2012, 335, 1451–1452.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klahr, D.; Zimmerman, C.; Jirout, J. Educational Interventions to Advance Children’s Scientific Thinking. Science 2011, 333, 971–975.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Raghuraman, M.K.; Winzeler, E.A.; Collingwood, D.; Hunt, S.; Wodicka, L.; Conway, A.; Lockhart, D.J.; Davis, R.W.; Brewer, B.J.; Fangman, W.L. Replication Dynamics of the Yeast Genome. Science 2001, 294, 115–121.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan, N.H.; Wong, H.Y. Simulation Techniques in Financial Risk Management; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2006; ISBN 9780471789499.
An edited book
Internet and Network Economics: Third International Workshop, WINE 2007, San Diego, CA, USA, December 12-14, 2007. Proceedings; Deng, X., Graham, F.C., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; Vol. 4858; ISBN 9783540771043.
A chapter in an edited book
Latvakoski, J.; Hautakoski, T.; Iivari, A. Situated Service Oriented Messaging for Opportunistic Networks. In Bioinspired Models of Network, Information, and Computing Systems: 4th International Conference, BIONETICS 2009, Avignon, France, December 9-11, 2009, Revised Selected Papers; Altman, E., Carrera, I., El-Azouzi, R., Hart, E., Hayel, Y., Eds.; Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; pp. 50–64 ISBN 9783642128073.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sensors.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Why Does This Star Cluster Have So Many Hot Jupiters? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Space Transportation System; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1974;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gilman, D.G. Comparative Analysis of Corporate Culture in a Multinational Organization. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University: Malibu, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. Review: A Crooked Cop Is Caught Between 2 Brutal Masters in ‘Asura: The City of Madness.’ New York Times 2016, C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSensors
AbbreviationSensors (Basel)
ISSN (online)1424-8220
Analytical Chemistry
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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