How to format your references using the Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Turner W. Conservation. Sensing biodiversity. Science 2014;346:301–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Gardner BM, Walter P. Unfolded proteins are Ire1-activating ligands that directly induce the unfolded protein response. Science 2011;333:1891–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Couch FJ, Nathanson KL, Offit K. Two decades after BRCA: setting paradigms in personalized cancer care and prevention. Science 2014;343:1466–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Meyer WK, Jamison J, Richter R, Woods SE, Partha R, Kowalczyk A, et al. Ancient convergent losses of Paraoxonase 1 yield potential risks for modern marine mammals. Science 2018;361:591–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Walkenbach J. Excel® VBA Programming For Dummies®. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Kutnick P. Effective Group Work in Primary School Classrooms: The SPRinG Approach. vol. 8. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Russo V, Marchisio M, Pierdomenico L, Barboni B, Ioannoni A, Valbonetti L, et al. Sheep Calcaneal Tendon Repair Subsequent to Amniotic-Derived Stem Cell Allotransplantation. In: Pugliese A, Gaiti A, Boiti C, editors. Veterinary Science: Current Aspects in Biology, Animal Pathology, Clinic and Food Hygiene, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 27–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. View the Known Universe. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/view-known-universe/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Adult Education Review. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Estrin EM. Individual Doubles: A Look at Twinship and Attachment Theory. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Saslow L. Students Help Track Black Squirrels. New York Times 2008:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
AbbreviationSemin. Arthritis Rheum.
ISSN (print)0049-0172
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Rheumatology

Other styles