How to format your references using the Sedimentary Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sedimentary Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tilgner, E., 2002. Mantophasmatodea: a new insect order? Science 297, 731; discussion 731.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grill, E., Christmann, A., 2007. Botany. A plant receptor with a big family. Science 315, 1676–1677.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohmoto, H., Watanabe, Y., Kumazawa, K., 2004. Evidence from massive siderite beds for a CO2-rich atmosphere before approximately 1.8 billion years ago. Nature 429, 395–399.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, C.-T., Lu, J.-C., Bai, J., Chang, P.Y., Martin, T.F.J., Chapman, E.R., Jackson, M.B., 2003. Different domains of synaptotagmin control the choice between kiss-and-run and full fusion. Nature 424, 943–947.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Subramanian, M.N., 2013. Plastics Additives and Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Iervasi, G., Pingitore, A. (Eds.), 2009. Thyroid and Heart Failure: From Pathophysiology to Clinics. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Franco, A., 2007. Globalizzazione e politiche dell’energia: prospettive e motivi di incertezza, in: Rossi, A.M. (Ed.), Effetti, Potenzialità e Limiti Della Globalizzazione: Una Visione Multidisciplinare. Springer, Milano, pp. 45–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sedimentary Geology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Humpback Whales Are Three Separate Subspecies [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Grant Administration: Implementation of National Endowment for the Arts Reauthorization Act (No. GGD-91-102FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lindsey, M.M., 2010. Sampling frequency for semi-arid streams and rivers: Implications for national parks in the Sonoran Desert Network (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. Singed From the Attack, Trees Find a Safer Home. New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tilgner, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Grill and Christmann, 2007; Tilgner, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grill and Christmann, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleSedimentary Geology
AbbreviationSediment. Geol.
ISSN (print)0037-0738

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