How to format your references using the Sedimentary Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sedimentary Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seiradakis, J.H., 2000. Pulsar astronomy. Older than they look. Nature 406, 139–140.
A journal article with 2 authors
Best, R.B., Hummer, G., 2005. Comment on “Force-clamp spectroscopy monitors the folding trajectory of a single protein.” Science 308, 498; author reply 498.
A journal article with 3 authors
Okita, K., Ichisaka, T., Yamanaka, S., 2007. Generation of germline-competent induced pluripotent stem cells. Nature 448, 313–317.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Quinn, K.P., Sridharan, G.V., Hayden, R.S., Kaplan, D.L., Lee, K., Georgakoudi, I., 2013. Quantitative metabolic imaging using endogenous fluorescence to detect stem cell differentiation. Sci. Rep. 3, 3432.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morrison, T.J., 2000. Functional Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Marxer, W. (Ed.), 2012. Direct Democracy and Minorities. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Teichler, U., Arimoto, A., Cummings, W.K., 2013. The Academic Career, in: Arimoto, A., Cummings, W.K. (Eds.), The Changing Academic Profession: Major Findings of a Comparative Survey. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 75–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sedimentary Geology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. 25 Bizarre Genetic And Developmental Mistakes You Have to See to Believe [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Consumer Health Informatics: Emerging Issues (No. AIMD-96-86). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kalafut, A.J., 2010. Proactive cyberfraud detection through infrastructure analysis (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2010. Only Soy Died for These Dishes. New York Times NJ8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seiradakis, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Best and Hummer, 2005; Seiradakis, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Best and Hummer, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Quinn et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSedimentary Geology
AbbreviationSediment. Geol.
ISSN (print)0037-0738

Other styles