How to format your references using the Sedimentary Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sedimentary Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diehl, R.A., 2005. Archaeology. Patterns of cultural primacy. Science 307, 1055–1056.
A journal article with 2 authors
Falkowski, P.G., de Vargas, C., 2004. Genomics and evolution. Shotgun sequencing in the sea: a blast from the past? Science 304, 58–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Merilä, J., Kruuk, L.E., Sheldon, B.C., 2001. Cryptic evolution in a wild bird population. Nature 412, 76–79.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gross, C., Zhuang, X., Stark, K., Ramboz, S., Oosting, R., Kirby, L., Santarelli, L., Beck, S., Hen, R., 2002. Serotonin1A receptor acts during development to establish normal anxiety-like behaviour in the adult. Nature 416, 396–400.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Qiu, X., Ding, C., Hu, D., 2013. Bistatic SAR Data Processing Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Solaris South Tower, Singapore.
An edited book
Davim, J.P. (Ed.), 2010. Surface Integrity in Machining. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Sakorafas, G.H., Smyrniotis, V., Sarr, M.G., 2015. Clinical Features and Laboratory Investigation, in: Sakorafas, G.H., Smyrniotis, V., Sarr, M.G. (Eds.), Pancreatic Cystic Neoplasms: From Imaging to Differential Diagnosis and Management. Springer, Milano, pp. 25–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sedimentary Geology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. 22 Ways To Be Healthier With Minimal Effort [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Comments on Senate Bill 991, A Bill to Establish a Department of Education (No. B-149737). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos, J., 2017. Surviving Childhood Bullying: Impact on Psychosocial Well-Being in Adulthood (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S., 2017. New Era After O’Reilly? Women Aren’t So Sure. New York Times B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diehl, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Diehl, 2005; Falkowski and de Vargas, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Falkowski and de Vargas, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Gross et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleSedimentary Geology
AbbreviationSediment. Geol.
ISSN (print)0037-0738

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