How to format your references using the Sedimentary Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sedimentary Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hardin, L.S., 2008. Meetings that changed the world: Bellagio 1969: The green revolution. Nature 455, 470–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zwierlein, M.W., Ketterle, W., 2006. Comment on “Pairing and phase separation in a polarized Fermi gas.” Science 314, 54; author reply 54.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsumoto, K., Suzuki, W., Tanaka, K., 2003. Neuronal correlates of goal-based motor selection in the prefrontal cortex. Science 301, 229–232.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sorek, R., Zhu, Y., Creevey, C.J., Francino, M.P., Bork, P., Rubin, E.M., 2007. Genome-wide experimental determination of barriers to horizontal gene transfer. Science 318, 1449–1452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Means, R.S., 2010. Green Building: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zhang, J. (Ed.), 2008. PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers: Fundamentals and Applications. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, J., Ma, H., Wang, X., 2013. Green Growth of the Secondary Industry, in: Li, X., Pan, J. (Eds.), China Green Development Index Report 2011, Current Chinese Economic Report Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 79–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sedimentary Geology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Early Humans Had To Become More Feminine Before They Could Dominate The Planet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Port Infrastructure: Financing of Navigation Projects at Small and Medium-Sized Ports (No. RCED-00-58). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, P.J., 2009. A comparison of a high and low -performing school in the Soroti Catholic Diocese, Uganda, East -Africa (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LaFORGIA, M., 2017. Delaying Repairs on Decrepit Tracks. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hardin, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hardin, 2008; Zwierlein and Ketterle, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zwierlein and Ketterle, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Sorek et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleSedimentary Geology
AbbreviationSediment. Geol.
ISSN (print)0037-0738

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