How to format your references using the Sedimentary Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sedimentary Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Agrawal, A.F., 2001. Sexual selection and the maintenance of sexual reproduction. Nature 411, 692–695.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freeman, A.S., Byers, J.E., 2006. Divergent induced responses to an invasive predator in marine mussel populations. Science 313, 831–833.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gleiche, M., Chi, L.F., Fuchs, H., 2000. Nanoscopic channel lattices with controlled anisotropic wetting. Nature 403, 173–175.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xia, Z.-P., Sun, L., Chen, X., Pineda, G., Jiang, X., Adhikari, A., Zeng, W., Chen, Z.J., 2009. Direct activation of protein kinases by unanchored polyubiquitin chains. Nature 461, 114–119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheriff, R.E., Hu, Y.F., 2001. Mobile Satellite Communication Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ferry, B., 2014. Stereotaxic Neurosurgery in Laboratory Rodent: Handbook on Best Practices. Springer, Paris.
A chapter in an edited book
Heath, T., Goodwin, J., 2011. Linking Geographical Data for Government and Consumer Applications, in: Wood, D. (Ed.), Linking Government Data. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 73–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sedimentary Geology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Light Pollution Shuts Down the Anti-Bat Defenses of Moths [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Commercial Space: Industry Developments and FAA Challenges (No. GAO-16-765T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sexton, S.M., 2017. Progress Toward Analytic Predictions of Supersonic Hydrocarbon-Air Combustion: Computation of Ignition Times and Supersonic Mixing Layers (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, L., 2010. Who’s White? New York Times BR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Agrawal, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Agrawal, 2001; Freeman and Byers, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Freeman and Byers, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Xia et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleSedimentary Geology
AbbreviationSediment. Geol.
ISSN (print)0037-0738

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