How to format your references using the Sedimentary Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sedimentary Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carlson, D., 2011. A lesson in sharing. Nature 469, 293.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sugita, M., Shiba, Y., 2005. Genetic tracing shows segregation of taste neuronal circuitries for bitter and sweet. Science 309, 781–785.
A journal article with 3 authors
Doeller, C.F., Barry, C., Burgess, N., 2010. Evidence for grid cells in a human memory network. Nature 463, 657–661.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Christian, K.M., Poulos, A.M., Lavond, D.G., Thompson, R.F., 2004. Comment on “Cerebellar LTD and learning-dependent timing of conditioned eyelid responses.” Science 304, 211; author reply 211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Biswas, S., Ray, P., Chakrabarti, B.K., 2015. Statistical Physics of Fracture, Breakdown, and Earthquake. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Thanos, C., Borri, F., Candela, L. (Eds.), 2007. Digital Libraries: Research and Development: First International DELOS Conference, Pisa, Italy, February 13-14, 2007, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Folkers, G., Kut, E., Boyer, M., 2010. Drug Design: Designer Drugs, in: Konsorski-Lang, S., Hampe, M. (Eds.), The Design of Material, Organism, and Minds: Different Understandings of Design, X.Media.Publishing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 53–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sedimentary Geology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. FDA Approves The Installation Of “Stomach Taps” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1967. Comments on Legality of NASA Contracts (No. B-133394). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gleason, R., 2013. Nanosphere lithography applied to magnetic thin films (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., Coscarelli, J., 2017. Fyre Festival Organizers Face Wrath of Attendees. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carlson, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Carlson, 2011; Sugita and Shiba, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sugita and Shiba, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Christian et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSedimentary Geology
AbbreviationSediment. Geol.
ISSN (print)0037-0738

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