How to format your references using the Scientia Pharmaceutica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientia Pharmaceutica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Woods, C.G. Neuroscience. Crossing the midline. Science 2004, 304, 1455–1456.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ma, Y.; Lin, C. Microbial oxidation of Fe2+ and pyrite exposed to flux of micromolar H₂O₂ in acidic media. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1979.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nalley, K.; Johnston, S.A.; Kodadek, T. Proteolytic turnover of the Gal4 transcription factor is not required for function in vivo. Nature 2006, 442, 1054–1057.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, D.; Tan, R.J.; Zhou, L.; Li, Y.; Liu, Y. Kidney tubular β-catenin signaling controls interstitial fibroblast fate via epithelial-mesenchymal communication. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1878.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grose, M. Construction Law in the United Arab Emirates and the Gulf; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016; ISBN 9781119085966.
An edited book
Driscoll, B. Entity Framework 6 Recipes; Gupta, N., Vettor, R., Hirani, Z., Tenny, L., Eds.; Second Edition.; Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2013; ISBN 9781430257882.
A chapter in an edited book
Boudjehem, B.; Boudjehem, D. Parameter Tuning of a Fractional-Order PI Controller Using the ITAE Criteria. In Fractional Dynamics and Control; Baleanu, D., Machado, J.A.T., Luo, A.C.J., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2012; pp. 49–57 ISBN 9781461404569.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientia Pharmaceutica.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. There Might Be Another “Stonehenge” In The Amazon Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Space Data: NASA’s Future Data Volumes Create Formidable Challenges; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1991;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hamilton, S.M. An Investigation of the Mass Balance of Oil and Gas Produced Versus Estimated Reserves Remaining within the A.W.P. Field, McMullen County, Texas. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana: Lafayette, LA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hu, W.; Singer, J.E. To Immigrants Dollar Stores Are a Step Up. New York Times 2017, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScientia Pharmaceutica
AbbreviationSci. Pharm.
ISSN (online)2218-0532
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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