How to format your references using the Scientia Pharmaceutica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientia Pharmaceutica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hilton, D. Practical Policies Can Combat Gender Inequality. Nature 2015, 523, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wenseleers, T.; Ratnieks, F.L.W. Enforced Altruism in Insect Societies. Nature 2006, 444, 50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeganathan, K.B.; Malureanu, L.; van Deursen, J.M. The Rae1-Nup98 Complex Prevents Aneuploidy by Inhibiting Securin Degradation. Nature 2005, 438, 1036–1039.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bagchi, J.; Durret, F.; Neto, G.B.L.; Paul, S. Giant Ringlike Radio Structures around Galaxy Cluster Abell 3376. Science 2006, 314, 791–794.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Niles, J.D. Old English Literature; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016; ISBN 9781118598818.
An edited book
Pediatric Ophthalmology: Current Thought and A Practical Guide; Wilson, M.E., Trivedi, R.H., Saunders, R.A., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; ISBN 9783540686309.
A chapter in an edited book
Stanescu, L.; Dan Burdescu, D.; Brezovan, M. Multimedia Medical Databases. In Biomedical Data and Applications; Sidhu, A.S., Dillon, T.S., Eds.; Studies in Computational Intelligence; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp. 71–141 ISBN 9783642021923.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientia Pharmaceutica.

Blog post
Davis, J. Populations Of Pacific Bluefin Tuna Have Crashed By 97 Percent (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office FAA Technical Center: Mission and Role in National Airspace System Plan Implementation; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1988;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Macy, P. Underachievement in Gifted Students: Understanding Perceptions of Educational Experiences, Attitudes Toward School, and Teacher Training. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University: St. Charles, MO, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. The Choice Confronting the Chief Justice. New York Times 2016, SR5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScientia Pharmaceutica
AbbreviationSci. Pharm.
ISSN (online)2218-0532
ScopePharmaceutical Science

Other styles