How to format your references using the Scientia Pharmaceutica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientia Pharmaceutica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rylance, R. Grant Giving: Global Funders to Focus on Interdisciplinarity. Nature 2015, 525, 313–315.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacCoss, M.; Baillie, T.A. Organic Chemistry in Drug Discovery. Science 2004, 303, 1810–1813.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rafkin, S.C.R.; Sta Maria, M.R.V.; Michaels, T.I. Simulation of the Atmospheric Thermal Circulation of a Martian Volcano Using a Mesoscale Numerical Model. Nature 2002, 419, 697–699.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, K.C.; Koprivica, V.; Kim, J.A.; Sivasankaran, R.; Guo, Y.; Neve, R.L.; He, Z. Oligodendrocyte-Myelin Glycoprotein Is a Nogo Receptor Ligand That Inhibits Neurite Outgrowth. Nature 2002, 417, 941–944.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corley, R.H.V.; Tinker, P.B. The Oil Palm; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015; ISBN 9781118953297.
An edited book
Saharan, G.S. Sclerotinia Diseases of Crop Plants: Biology, Ecology and Disease Management; Mehta, N., Ed.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2008; ISBN 9781402084072.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahmed, R.; Faisal, N.H.; Ali, O.; Al-Anazi, N.M.; Al-Mutairi, S.; Mamour, S.; Polychroniadis, E.K.; Goosen, M.F.A. Microstructural Evaluation of Suspension Thermally Sprayed WC-Co Nanocomposite Coatings. In 2nd International Multidisciplinary Microscopy and Microanalysis Congress: Proceedings of InterM, October 16-19, 2014; Polychroniadis, E.K., Oral, A.Y., Ozer, M., Eds.; Springer Proceedings in Physics; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 31–38 ISBN 9783319169187.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientia Pharmaceutica.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. This Nonstick, No Waste Coating Is Sliding Into The Marketplace (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Federal Aviation Administration: Challenges for Transforming Into a High-Performing Organization; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2004;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Puebla, R.A. The Avant-Garde Tuba: Analysis and Comparisons of Interpretations of William Kraft’s Encounters II for Unaccompanied Tuba. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kepner, T. Heavier Bullpen Use Unlikely Outside Postseason. New York Times 2016, B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScientia Pharmaceutica
AbbreviationSci. Pharm.
ISSN (online)2218-0532
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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