How to format your references using the School Psychology Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for School Psychology Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Poppy, G. (2015). Science must prepare for impact. Nature, 526(7571), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Collins, S., & Bell, G. (2004). Phenotypic consequences of 1,000 generations of selection at elevated CO2 in a green alga. Nature, 431(7008), 566–569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rogers, R. R., Krause, D. W., & Curry Rogers, K. (2003). Cannibalism in the Madagascan dinosaur Majungatholus atopus. Nature, 422(6931), 515–518.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pappalardo, L., D’Auria, L., Cavallo, A., & Fiore, S. (2014). Petrological and seismic precursors of the paroxysmal phase of the last Vesuvius eruption on March 1944. Scientific Reports, 4, 6297.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Drago, C. (2015). Implant Restorations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Smits, A. J. (2006). Turbulent Shear Layers in Supersonic Flow. (J.-P. Dussauge, Ed.) (Second Edition). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rhodes, B., & Goerzen, J. (2014). Socket Names and DNS. In J. Goerzen (Ed.), Foundations of Python Network Programming: Third Edition (pp. 57–74). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for School Psychology Quarterly.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, July 14). First Ever Planetary Snow Line Directly Observed. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Report to the Secretary, HEW, on the National Direct Student Loan Delinquency Rate (No. HRD-77-17). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett, R. J. (2016). Exploring the effects of parasocial connection on relaxation exercise persistence in women (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S. (2013, October 20). After The Dark, The ‘Dream.’ New York Times, p. AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Poppy, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Collins & Bell, 2004; Poppy, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Collins & Bell, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Rogers, Krause, & Curry Rogers, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pappalardo, D’Auria, Cavallo, & Fiore, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchool Psychology Quarterly
AbbreviationSch. Psychol. Q.
ISSN (print)1045-3830
ISSN (online)1939-1560
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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