How to format your references using the School Psychology Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for School Psychology Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Freeman, K. H. (2009). Journal club. A biogeochemist ponders muddy molecules and past climates. Nature, 462(7274), 701.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alabugin, I., & Mohamed, R. K. (2014). Chemistry. A CO₂ cloak for the cyanide dagger. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6179), 45–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Toda, S., Stein, R. S., & Sagiya, T. (2002). Evidence from the AD 2000 Izu islands earthquake swarm that stressing rate governs seismicity. Nature, 419(6902), 58–61.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Miao, D., Margolis, C. A., Gao, W., Voss, M. H., Li, W., Martini, D. J., Norton, C., Bossé, D., Wankowicz, S. M., Cullen, D., Horak, C., Wind-Rotolo, M., Tracy, A., Giannakis, M., Hodi, F. S., Drake, C. G., Ball, M. W., Allaf, M. E., Snyder, A., … Van Allen, E. M. (2018). Genomic correlates of response to immune checkpoint therapies in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Science (New York, N.Y.), 359(6377), 801–806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Richards, T. (2014). Investing Psychology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cai, W. (Ed.). (2014). Engineering in Translational Medicine. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ohnuma*, T., & Holland, J. F. (2009). Anorexia and Cachexia. In D. S. Ettinger (Ed.), Supportive Care in Cancer Therapy (pp. 47–86). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for School Psychology Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 28). Pioneers Of Quantum Computing Are Among The 2015 Eureka Prize Winners. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). FAA Purchase Cards: Weak Controls Resulted in Instances of Improper and Wasteful Purchases and Missing Assets (GAO-03-405). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Elder, R. (2015). A Mixed-Method Investigation of the Missouri Pre-Service Teacher Assessment Pilot Program at a Private Midwestern University [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2016, October 4). 400. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Freeman, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Alabugin & Mohamed, 2014; Freeman, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alabugin & Mohamed, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Toda et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Miao et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchool Psychology Quarterly
AbbreviationSch. Psychol. Q.
ISSN (print)1045-3830
ISSN (online)1939-1560
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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