How to format your references using the School Psychology Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for School Psychology Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lazcano, A. (2005). Global voices of science. Teaching evolution in Mexico: preaching to the choir. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5749), 787–789.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hill, R. A., & Barton, R. A. (2005). Psychology: red enhances human performance in contests. Nature, 435(7040), 293.
A journal article with 3 authors
Horsewill, A. J., Jones, N. H., & Caciuffo, R. (2001). Evidence for coherent proton tunneling in a hydrogen bond network. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5501), 100–103.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liljeros, F., Edling, C. R., Amaral, L. A., Stanley, H. E., & Aberg, Y. (2001). The web of human sexual contacts. Nature, 411(6840), 907–908.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corrigan, P. W., Roe, D., & Tsang, H. W. H. (2011). Challenging the Stigma of Mental Illness. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Grelck, C., Huch, F., Michaelson, G. J., & Trinder, P. (Eds.). (2005). Implementation and Application of Functional Languages: 16th International Workshop, IFL 2004, Lübeck, Germany, September 8-10, 2004 Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 3474). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mathis, P., & Sauer, K. (2006). Historical Introduction to Photosystem I: The Discovery of the A1 and A2(Fx?) Acceptors by Time-Resolved Optical Spectroscopy. In J. H. Golbeck (Ed.), Photosystem I: The Light-Driven Plastocyanin:Ferredoxin Oxidoreductase (pp. 31–40). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for School Psychology Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 7). Mantis Shrimp Use “Nature’s Sunscreen” To Tune UV Vision. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Temporary Emergency Impact Aid Provided Education Support for Displaced Students (GAO-11-839). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newsome, G. A. (2009). Novel instrumentation and method development for a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, September 12). Rookie Succeeds With Two Motivations: Playoff Race and His Student Loans. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lazcano, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Hill & Barton, 2005; Lazcano, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hill & Barton, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Horsewill et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liljeros et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchool Psychology Quarterly
AbbreviationSch. Psychol. Q.
ISSN (print)1045-3830
ISSN (online)1939-1560
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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