How to format your references using the School Psychology Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for School Psychology Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaston, K. J. (2012). Ecology: the importance of being rare. Nature, 487(7405), 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, N. G. C., & Eyre-Walker, A. (2002). Adaptive protein evolution in Drosophila. Nature, 415(6875), 1022–1024.
A journal article with 3 authors
Linnartz, H., Verdes, D., & Maier, J. P. (2002). Rotationally resolved infrared spectrum of the charge transfer complex [Ar-N2]+. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5584), 1166–1167.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cavallini, M., Biscarini, F., Léon, S., Zerbetto, F., Bottari, G., & Leigh, D. A. (2003). Information storage using supramolecular surface patterns. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5606), 531.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaplan, W. (1998). Maxima and Minima with Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lehmann, A., & Wolf, S. (Eds.). (2015). Information Theoretic Security: 8th International Conference, ICITS 2015, Lugano, Switzerland, May 2-5, 2015. Proceedings (Vol. 9063). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Low, F. M., Tng, E., & Gluckman, P. D. (2012). Epigenetic Mechanisms. In G. Buonocore, R. Bracci, & M. Weindling (Eds.), Neonatology: A Practical Approach to Neonatal Diseases (pp. 26–30). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for School Psychology Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, October 22). Craziest Sex Lives of the Animal Kingdom. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Aircraft Certification: FAA Can Better Meet Challenges Posed by Advances in Aircraft Technologies (T-RCED-94-53). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gauen, K. E. (2009). The impact of the Instructional Practices Inventory at an Illinois middle school [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, September 16). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Overview; Bush Subtly Avoids Direct Attack Against Clinton on the Draft Issue. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gaston, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gaston, 2012; Smith & Eyre-Walker, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith & Eyre-Walker, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Linnartz et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cavallini et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchool Psychology Quarterly
AbbreviationSch. Psychol. Q.
ISSN (print)1045-3830
ISSN (online)1939-1560
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles