How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brune, H. (2006). Applied physics. Assembly and probing of spin chains of finite size. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5776), 1005–1006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Malin, M. C., & Edgett, K. S. (2003). Evidence for persistent flow and aqueous sedimentation on early Mars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5652), 1931–1934.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hamano, K., Abe, Y., & Genda, H. (2013). Emergence of two types of terrestrial planet on solidification of magma ocean. Nature, 497(7451), 607–610.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Raisbeck, G. M., Yiou, F., Cattani, O., & Jouzel, J. (2006). 10Be evidence for the Matuyama-Brunhes geomagnetic reversal in the EPICA Dome C ice core. Nature, 444(7115), 82–84.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (1994). Tools for Making Acute Risk Decisions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Magnini, B., Cutugno, F., Falcone, M., & Pianta, E. (Eds.). (2013). Evaluation of Natural Language and Speech Tools for Italian: International Workshop, EVALITA 2011, Rome, January 24-25, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 7689). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Blanco, E., Pourroy, F., & Arikoglu, S. (2014). Role of Personas and Scenarios in Creating Shared Understanding of Functional Requirements: An Empirical Study. In J. S. Gero (Ed.), Design Computing and Cognition ’12 (pp. 61–78). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Management.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, July 6). Yellowstone Microbe Piggybacks On Others To Steal Their Nutrients. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Aerial Refueling Initiative: Cross-Service Analysis Needed To Determine Best Approach (NSIAD-93-186). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, K. (2009). Personal narrative: The struggles and limitations of immigration experienced by an El Salvadorian refugee [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, July 14). American Withdraws After Positive Drug Test. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brune, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Brune, 2006; Malin & Edgett, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Malin & Edgett, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Hamano et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Raisbeck et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Management
ISSN (print)0956-5221
ScopeStrategy and Management
Applied Psychology

Other styles