How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R. F. (2000). BODY CHEMISTRY: Forensic Science on a Shoestring. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5481), 857.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ibn-Elhaj, M., & Schadt, M. (2001). Optical polymer thin films with isotropic and anisotropic nano-corrugated surface topologies. Nature, 410(6830), 796–799.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taniyasu, Y., Kasu, M., & Makimoto, T. (2006). An aluminium nitride light-emitting diode with a wavelength of 210 nanometres. Nature, 441(7091), 325–328.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Himeno, M., Kitazawa, Y., Yoshida, T., Maejima, K., Yamaji, Y., Oshima, K., & Namba, S. (2014). Purple top symptoms are associated with reduction of leaf cell death in phytoplasma-infected plants. Scientific Reports, 4, 4111.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bill Huitt, W. M. (2016). Bioprocessing Piping and Equipment Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ahsanullah, M. (2013). An Introduction to Order Statistics (V. B. Nevzorov & M. Shakil, Eds.; Vol. 3). Atlantis Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Dvorkin, E. N., & Toscano, R. G. (2013). Experimental Validation of the Finite Element Models. Applications: Slotted Pipes and Axial Loads. In R. G. Toscano (Ed.), Finite Element Analysis of the Collapse and Post-Collapse Behavior of Steel Pipes: Applications to the Oil Industry (pp. 43–69). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Management.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, August 18). LSD-bunked: How Research Is Finally Separating The Facts From The Myths Surrounding Acid. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Space Acquisitions: Improvements Needed in Space Systems Acquisitions and Keys to Achieving Them (GAO-06-626T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ganatra, V. A. (2012). Impact of the media on body image and eating disorders [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2015, May 3). Joyful Puzzles of Home and Transition. New York Times, WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Ibn-Elhaj & Schadt, 2001; Service, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ibn-Elhaj & Schadt, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Taniyasu et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Himeno et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Management
ISSN (print)0956-5221
ScopeStrategy and Management
Applied Psychology

Other styles