How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gregory, R. (2004). The blind leading the sighted. Nature, 430(7002), 836.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feehley, T., & Nagler, C. R. (2014). Health: The weighty costs of non-caloric sweeteners. Nature, 514(7521), 176–177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, J. L., Bohannan, B. J. M., & Whitaker, R. J. (2008). Microbial biogeography: from taxonomy to traits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5879), 1039–1043.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chang, S.-Y., Li, C.-E., Huang, Y.-C., Hsu, H.-F., Yeh, J.-W., & Lin, S.-J. (2014). Structural and thermodynamic factors of suppressed interdiffusion kinetics in multi-component high-entropy materials. Scientific Reports, 4, 4162.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radoine, H. (2017). Architecture in Context. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Moreno-Díaz, R., Pichler, F., & Quesada-Arencibia, A. (Eds.). (2015). Computer Aided Systems Theory – EUROCAST 2015: 15th International Conference, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, February 8-13, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (1st ed. 2015). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nevado, L. S. i., Portaankorva-Koivisto, P., Pehkonen, E., Varas, L., Hannula, M., & Näveri, L. (2015). Chilean and Finnish Teachers’ Conceptions on Mathematics Teaching. In C. Bernack-Schüler, R. Erens, T. Leuders, & A. Eichler (Eds.), Views and Beliefs in Mathematics Education: Results of the 19th MAVI Conference (pp. 43–53). Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Management.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, June 6). Difference Between Neutrinos And Antineutrinos Could Mean A Whole New Physics. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Millions in Savings Possible in Converting Programs From One Computer to Another (No. FGMSD-77-34). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Szurgyi, A. A. (2012). Leadership competencies required of Army officers to counter the Improvised Explosive Device threat (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, February 17). Decade Later, Waltrip Deals With a Crash At Daytona. New York Times, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gregory, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Feehley & Nagler, 2014; Gregory, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feehley & Nagler, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Green, Bohannan, & Whitaker, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Management
ISSN (print)0956-5221
ScopeStrategy and Management
Applied Psychology

Other styles