How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. (2009). The climate to get things done. Nature, 458(7234), 21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coulson, T., & Clegg, S. (2014). Population biology: fur seals signal their own decline. Nature, 511(7510), 414–415.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelkmans, L., Püntener, D., & Helenius, A. (2002). Local actin polymerization and dynamin recruitment in SV40-induced internalization of caveolae. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5567), 535–539.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zaghloul, K. A., Blanco, J. A., Weidemann, C. T., McGill, K., Jaggi, J. L., Baltuch, G. H., & Kahana, M. J. (2009). Human substantia nigra neurons encode unexpected financial rewards. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5920), 1496–1499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klepinger, L. L. (2006). Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Burkhardt, C. E. (2008). Foundations of Quantum Physics. (J. J. Leventhal, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Goertzel, B., Geisweiller, N., Coelho, L., Janicic, P., & Pennachin, C. (2011). Representing Temporal Knowledge. In N. Geisweiller, L. Coelho, P. Janičić, & C. Pennachin (Eds.), Real-World Reasoning: Toward Scalable, Uncertain Spatiotemporal, Contextual and Causal Inference (pp. 65–78). Paris: Atlantis Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 30). If You Want Your Child To Bring Home Better Grades, Stop Yelling And Try This. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). HHS’s Efforts to Promote Health Information Technology and Legal Barriers to Its Adoption (No. GAO-04-991R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuls, M. (2012). Single item versus multiple items: An examination of validity and the impact of mood in measuring constructs (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Florio, J., & Shapiro, O. (2017, July 13). The Future of Racing Plugs Into Red Hook. New York Times, p. MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Coulson & Clegg, 2014; Goldston, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coulson & Clegg, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Pelkmans, Püntener, & Helenius, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zaghloul et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Management
ISSN (print)0956-5221
ScopeStrategy and Management
Applied Psychology

Other styles