How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walsh, C. (2000). Molecular mechanisms that confer antibacterial drug resistance. Nature, 406(6797), 775–781.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spencer, J. R., & Denk, T. (2010). Formation of Iapetus’ extreme albedo dichotomy by exogenically triggered thermal ice migration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5964), 432–435.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xiong, Q., Znamenskiy, P., & Zador, A. M. (2015). Selective corticostriatal plasticity during acquisition of an auditory discrimination task. Nature, 521(7552), 348–351.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yanagisawa, H., Davis, E. C., Starcher, B. C., Ouchi, T., Yanagisawa, M., Richardson, J. A., & Olson, E. N. (2002). Fibulin-5 is an elastin-binding protein essential for elastic fibre development in vivo. Nature, 415(6868), 168–171.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gerardi, M. H. (2003). Settleability Problems and Loss of Solids in the Activated Sludge Process. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Van Deemen, A., & Rusinowska, A. (Eds.). (2010). Collective Decision Making: Views from Social Choice and Game Theory (Vol. 43). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rabin, J., & Shehory, O. (2008). Theoretically Founded Optimization of Auctioneer’s Revenues in Expanding Auctions. In J. Collins, P. Faratin, S. Parsons, J. A. Rodriguez-Aguilar, N. M. Sadeh, O. Shehory, & E. Sklar (Eds.), Agent-Mediated Electronic Commerce and Trading Agent Design and Analysis: AAMAS 2007 Workshop, AMEC 2007, Honolulu, Hawaii, May 14, 2007, and AAAI 2007 Workshop, TADA 2007, Vancouver, Canada, July 23, 2007, Selected and Revised Papers (pp. 62–75). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 17). Volcanoes May Have Heated Mars To Make Liquid Water Possible. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Mass Transit: Historical Patterns and Future Outlook (T-RCED-91-15). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bornheimer, M. E. (2010). The influence of leadership development programs on the community college leadership shortage: A case study [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2017, August 29). False Rumors Are Flying About Insurance Claims. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walsh, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Spencer & Denk, 2010; Walsh, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Spencer & Denk, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Xiong et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yanagisawa et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Management
ISSN (print)0956-5221
ScopeStrategy and Management
Applied Psychology

Other styles