How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kondrashov, F. (2015). Russia’s crackdowns are jeopardizing its science. Nature, 523(7561), 383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trinkle, D. R., & Woodward, C. (2005). The chemistry of deformation: how solutes soften pure metals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5754), 1665–1667.
A journal article with 3 authors
George, A. M., Iñiguez, J., & Bellaiche, L. (2001). Anomalous properties in ferroelectrics induced by atomic ordering. Nature, 413(6851), 54–57.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Valentine, J., Zhang, S., Zentgraf, T., Ulin-Avila, E., Genov, D. A., Bartal, G., & Zhang, X. (2008). Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index. Nature, 455(7211), 376–379.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bays, D. H. (2011). A New History of Christianity in China. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Dima, I. C. (2015). Modelling and Simulation in Management: Econometric Models Used in the Management of Organizations (M. Man, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Roger, M. (2013). Broadband Noise from Lifting Surfaces Analytical Modeling and Experimental Validation. In R. Camussi (Ed.), Noise Sources in Turbulent Shear Flows: Fundamentals and Applications (pp. 289–344). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Management.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, June 18). Sneaky Bachelors Could Help Save Endangered Hihi Birds. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Telecommunications: Information on Low Power Television, FCC’s Spectrum Incentive Auction, and Unlicensed Spectrum Use (GAO-17-135). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grannis, K. S. (2010). Secular spiritual quests in modern American novels, 1922–1960 [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2012, March 4). Style Provocateurs. New York Times, ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kondrashov, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kondrashov, 2015; Trinkle & Woodward, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trinkle & Woodward, 2005)
  • Three authors: (George et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Valentine et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Management
ISSN (print)0956-5221
ScopeStrategy and Management
Applied Psychology

Other styles