How to format your references using the Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pagel, M., 2012. Evolution: Adapted to culture. Nature 482, 297–299.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz, D., Collins, F., 2007. Medicine. Environmental biology and human disease. Science 316, 695–696.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cattadori, I.M., Haydon, D.T., Hudson, P.J., 2005. Parasites and climate synchronize red grouse populations. Nature 433, 737–741.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sijacic, P., Wang, X., Skirpan, A.L., Wang, Y., Dowd, P.E., McCubbin, A.G., Huang, S., Kao, T.-H., 2004. Identification of the pollen determinant of S-RNase-mediated self-incompatibility. Nature 429, 302–305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lacalle, D., Parrilla, D., 2015. The Energy World is Flat. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Streitz, N., Stephanidis, C. (Eds.), 2013. Distributed, Ambient, and Pervasive Interactions: First International Conference, DAPI 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
dell’Isola, F., Andreaus, U., Placidi, L., 2014. A Still Topical Contribution of Gabrio Piola to Continuum Mechanics: The Creation of Peri-dynamics, Non-local and Higher Gradient Continuum Mechanics, in: dell’Isola, F., Maier, G., Perego, U., Andreaus, U., Esposito, R., Forest, S. (Eds.), The Complete Works of Gabrio Piola: Volume I: Commented English Translation, Advanced Structured Materials. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 696–750.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Hitchhiking Robot Is Decapitated And Left In A Ditch After Just Two Weeks [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Joint Strike Fighter: Progress Made and Challenges Remain (No. GAO-07-360). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leak, S.C., 2010. Building community capacity to meet the needs of our aging society: Interdisciplinary competency development for professionals (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ding, G., 2015. How to Cheat on Taxes in China. New York Times A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pagel, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Pagel, 2012; Schwartz and Collins, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwartz and Collins, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Sijacic et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSaudi Pharmaceutical Journal
AbbreviationSaudi Pharm. J.
ISSN (print)1319-0164
ScopePharmaceutical Science
Pharmacology

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