How to format your references using the Russian Journal of Communication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Russian Journal of Communication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stevenson, P. A. (2009). Ecology. The key to Pandora’s box. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5914), 594–595.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sholl, D. S., & Johnson, J. K. (2006). Materials science. Making high-flux membranes with carbon nanotubes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5776), 1003–1004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ekström, G., Nettles, M., & Abers, G. A. (2003). Glacial earthquakes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5645), 622–624.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Giordano, C. R., Terlecky, L. J., Bollig-Fischer, A., Walton, P. A., & Terlecky, S. R. (2014). Amyloid-beta neuroprotection mediated by a targeted antioxidant. Scientific Reports, 4, 4983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kumar, V., & Petersen, J. A. (2012). Statistical Methods in Customer Relationship Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Srivastava, A. K., & Anand-Srivastava, M. B. (Eds.). (2008). Signal Transduction in the Cardiovascular System in Health and Disease (Vol. 3). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Muller-Karger, F. E., Hu, C., Andréfouët, S., Varela, R., & Thunell, R. (2005). The Color of the Coastal Ocean and Applications in the Solution of Research and Management Problems. In R. L. Miller, C. E. Del Castillo, & B. A. Mckee (Eds.), Remote Sensing of Coastal Aquatic Environments: Technologies, Techniques and Applications (pp. 101–127). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Russian Journal of Communication.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, May 6). Researchers Observe Exact Moment When A Mind Is Changed. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments (AA-98-13(3)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Christiansen, D. A. (2012). Investigation of magnetic proximity effect in ferromagnet/superconductor thin films by low temperature Magneto Optical Kerr Effect measurement [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, April 4). Living the Quirky Dream. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stevenson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Sholl & Johnson, 2006; Stevenson, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sholl & Johnson, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Ekström et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Giordano et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleRussian Journal of Communication
AbbreviationRuss. J. Commun.
ISSN (print)1940-9419
ISSN (online)1940-9427
Political Science and International Relations

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