How to format your references using the Russian Journal of Communication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Russian Journal of Communication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caldecott, K. W. (2003). Cell signaling. The BRCT domain: signaling with friends? Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5645), 579–580.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, M., & Izpisua Belmonte, J. C. (2014). Ageing: Genetic rejuvenation of old muscle. Nature, 506(7488), 304–305.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huynh, W. U., Dittmer, J. J., & Alivisatos, A. P. (2002). Hybrid nanorod-polymer solar cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5564), 2425–2427.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, Y., Van Hooser, S. D., Mazurek, M., White, L. E., & Fitzpatrick, D. (2008). Experience with moving visual stimuli drives the early development of cortical direction selectivity. Nature, 456(7224), 952–956.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perini, K., & Sabbion, P. (2017). Urban Sustainability and River Restoration. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Schlechtriem, P. (2009). UN Law on International Sales: The UN Convention on the International Sale of Goods (P. Butler, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Monaghan, C. (2015). Changing the Prism. In Z. Gross & L. Davies (Eds.), The Contested Role of Education in Conflict and Fragility (pp. 63–81). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Russian Journal of Communication.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, December 30). The Coolest New Animal Species Discovered In 2016. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Broadcast Policies and Practices and the Board for International Broadcasting Oversight of Radio Programming (126571). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nersessian, N. (2012). Modified gravity with scale invariance and implications [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Becker, J. O., Apuzzo, M., & Goldman, A. (2017, July 9). Trump Team Met Russian Offering Dirt on Clinton. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Caldecott, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Caldecott, 2003; Li & Izpisua Belmonte, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li & Izpisua Belmonte, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Huynh et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleRussian Journal of Communication
AbbreviationRuss. J. Commun.
ISSN (print)1940-9419
ISSN (online)1940-9427
Political Science and International Relations

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