How to format your references using the Revue des Maladies Respiratoires citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revue des Maladies Respiratoires. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleiner K. Toronto rising. Nature 2008;453:252–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keegstra K, Walton J. Plant science. Beta-glucans--brewer’s bane, dietician’s delight. Science 2006;311:1872–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schweitzer MH, Wittmeyer JL, Horner JR. Gender-specific reproductive tissue in ratites and Tyrannosaurus rex. Science 2005;308:1456–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schell AW, Kaschke J, Fischer J, Henze R, Wolters J, Wegener M, et al. Three-dimensional quantum photonic elements based on single nitrogen vacancy-centres in laser-written microstructures. Sci Rep 2013;3:1577.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Urick VJ Jr, Mckinney JD, Williams KJ. FUNDAMENTALS OF MICROWAVE PHOTONICS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Hinchey M, Pagnoni A, Rammig FJ, Schmeck H, editors. Biologically-Inspired Collaborative Computing: IFIP 20th World Computer Congress, Second IFIP TC 10 International Conference on Biologically-Inspired Collaborative Computing, September 8–9, 2008, Milano, Italy. vol. 268. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Paschen M, Dihsmaier E. Leadership, Challenge, and Perspective: How to Generate Leadership Strength Using Stimulating and Enticing Goals. In: Dihsmaier E, editor. The Psychology of Human Leadership: How To Develop Charisma and Authority, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 109–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revue des Maladies Respiratoires.

Blog post
Andrews R. Earth’s Atmosphere Was Once Much Thinner Than We Thought. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Weather Forecasting: National Weather Service Is Planning to Improve Service and Gain Efficiency, but Impacts of Potential Changes Are Not Yet Known. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arab AA. Finite Element Modeling of Pretensioned Concrete Girders: A Methodological Approach with Applications in Large Strands and End Zone Cracking. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times 2017:MM16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRevue des Maladies Respiratoires
AbbreviationRev. Mal. Respir.
ISSN (print)0761-8425
ScopePulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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