How to format your references using the Reviews in Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews in Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Sanderson, King coal constrained, Nature. 449 (2007) 14–15.
A journal article with 2 authors
V. Sourjik, H.C. Berg, Functional interactions between receptors in bacterial chemotaxis, Nature. 428 (2004) 437–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.O. Andreae, C.D. Jones, P.M. Cox, Strong present-day aerosol cooling implies a hot future, Nature. 435 (2005) 1187–1190.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Rak, O. Pylypenko, T. Durek, A. Watzke, S. Kushnir, L. Brunsveld, H. Waldmann, R.S. Goody, K. Alexandrov, Structure of Rab GDP-dissociation inhibitor in complex with prenylated YPT1 GTPase, Science. 302 (2003) 646–650.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Bunnell, From World City to the World in One City, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
P. Spearman, E.O. Freed, eds., HIV Interactions with Host Cell Proteins, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Avoine, C. Lauradoux, T. Martin, When Compromised Readers Meet RFID, in: H.Y. Youm, M. Yung (Eds.), Information Security Applications: 10th International Workshop, WISA 2009, Busan, Korea, August 25-27, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 36–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews in Physics.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, Hydrogen Could Become The New Fuel For Cooking – Here’s How, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Proposed Alliance Between American Airlines and British Airways Raises Competition Concerns and Public Interest Issues, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P.J. Rodriguez, “Stepping stones”: Empowering mental health patients through connections with significant others: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hollander, HARVARD 37, FORDHAM 30, New York Times. (1999) 83.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews in Physics
AbbreviationRev. Phys.
ISSN (print)2405-4283

Other styles