How to format your references using the Reviews in Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews in Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Altman, Physics. Critical Insights, Science. 315 (2007) 1504–1505.
A journal article with 2 authors
X. Cao, T.C. Südhof, A transcriptionally [correction of transcriptively] active complex of APP with Fe65 and histone acetyltransferase Tip60, Science. 293 (2001) 115–120.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Ferrand, M.P. Crump, A.P. Davis, A synthetic lectin analog for biomimetic disaccharide recognition, Science. 318 (2007) 619–622.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. St-Pierre, S. Brochu, J.R. Vanegas, M. Dumont-Lagacé, S. Lemieux, C. Perreault, Transcriptome sequencing of neonatal thymic epithelial cells, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1860.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
U.J. Borgen, H.A. Nakrem, Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of osteolepiform fish, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
A. Donaldson, D. Parker, eds., Model Checking Software: 19th International Workshop, SPIN 2012, Oxford, UK, July 23-24, 2012. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
V. Vatsavai, S. Suravarapu, N.F. Mir, Implementation of P2P File Sharing Using Bi-directional Chord Protocol Algorithm, in: H.A. Sulaiman, M.A. Othman, M.F.I. Othman, Y.A. Rahim, N.C. Pee (Eds.), Advanced Computer and Communication Engineering Technology: Proceedings of ICOCOE 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews in Physics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Celebrate 50 Years Of Humans Walking In Space With NASA, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Overview of the Adult Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program and Its Operation in California, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G.M. Borchardt, Making D.C. Democracy’s Capital: Local Activism, the “Federal State”, and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Washington, D.C, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Vanderwoude, Odd Question From a Man of God, New York Times. (2016) A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews in Physics
AbbreviationRev. Phys.
ISSN (print)2405-4283

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