How to format your references using the Review of Research in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Research in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Prewitt, K. (2004). Sociology. What if we give a census and no one comes? Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5676), 1452–1453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Serebrov, V., & Pyle, A. M. (2004). Periodic cycles of RNA unwinding and pausing by hepatitis C virus NS3 helicase. Nature, 430(6998), 476–480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Poot-Salazar, A., Hernández-Flores, Á., & Ardisson, P.-L. (2014). Use of the SLW index to calculate growth function in the sea cucumber Isostichopus badionotus. Scientific Reports, 4, 5151.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tsai, H., Asadpour, R., Blancon, J.-C., Stoumpos, C. C., Durand, O., Strzalka, J. W., … Mohite, A. D. (2018). Light-induced lattice expansion leads to high-efficiency perovskite solar cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 360(6384), 67–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Müller, B., & Van de Voorde, M. (2017). Nanoscience and Nanotechnology for Human Health. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Sonoda, N. (Ed.). (2016). New Horizons for Asian Museums and Museology. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gemzöe, L. (2016). Working the Way to Santiago de Compostela: Masculinities and Spiritualities of Capitalism. In L. Gemzöe, M.-L. Keinänen, & A. Maddrell (Eds.), Contemporary Encounters in Gender and Religion: European Perspectives (pp. 77–101). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Research in Education.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, May 16). Solar Activity Could Cause Lightning Storms On Earth. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Aviation Safety: FAA and DOD Response to Similar Safety Concerns (No. GAO-02-77). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zehnder, D. W. (2003). Host-[2]Rotaxane: A Novel Molecular Machine (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (2001, February 4). The A List. New York Times, p. 713.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Prewitt, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Prewitt, 2004; Serebrov & Pyle, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Serebrov & Pyle, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Poot-Salazar, Hernández-Flores, & Ardisson, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tsai et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleReview of Research in Education
AbbreviationRev. Res. Educ.
ISSN (print)0091-732X
ISSN (online)1935-1038

Other styles