How to format your references using the Review of Research in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Research in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carmeliet, P. (2005). Angiogenesis in life, disease and medicine. Nature, 438(7070), 932–936.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karpicke, J. D., & Roediger, H. L., 3rd. (2008). The critical importance of retrieval for learning. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5865), 966–968.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jackson, D. E., Holcombe, M., & Ratnieks, F. L. W. (2004). Trail geometry gives polarity to ant foraging networks. Nature, 432(7019), 907–909.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tzedakis, P. C., Roucoux, K. H., de Abreu, L., & Shackleton, N. J. (2004). The duration of forest stages in southern Europe and interglacial climate variability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5705), 2231–2235.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hernandez, E. M., & Kamal-Eldin, A. (2013). Processing and Nutrition of Fats and Oils. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wicks, A. (Ed.). (2015). Shock & Vibration, Aircraft/Aerospace, and Energy Harvesting, Volume 9: Proceedings of the 33rd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2015. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jungck, P., Duncan, R., & Mulcahy, D. (2011). Construction of a packetC Program. In R. Duncan & D. Mulcahy (Eds.), packetC Programming (pp. 39–52). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Research in Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, November 2). Where Do Allergies Come From? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Electronic Government: Federal Initiatives Are Evolving Rapidly But They Face Significant Challenges (T-AIMD/GGD-00-179). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores, A. T. (2013). Children, incarcerated mothers and the child welfare system: A systematic review of the literature [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schlossberg, T., & Tabuchi, H. (2017, June 10). Settlements for Company Sins Can No Longer Aid Other Projects. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carmeliet, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Carmeliet, 2005; Karpicke & Roediger, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karpicke & Roediger, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Jackson et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tzedakis et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleReview of Research in Education
AbbreviationRev. Res. Educ.
ISSN (print)0091-732X
ISSN (online)1935-1038

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