How to format your references using the Review of Research in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Research in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Winkler, J. R. (2013). Chemistry. FRETting over the spectroscopic ruler. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6127), 1530–1531.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, D. L., & Natland, J. H. (2007). Evidence for mantle plumes? Nature, 450(7169), E15; discussion E16.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ivany, L. C., Patterson, W. P., & Lohmann, K. C. (2000). Cooler winters as a possible cause of mass extinctions at the Eocene/Oligocene boundary. Nature, 407(6806), 887–890.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Irwin, R. P., 3rd, Maxwell, T. A., Howard, A. D., Craddock, R. A., & Leverington, D. W. (2002). A large paleolake basin at the head of Ma’adim Vallis, Mars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5576), 2209–2212.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mysak, J. (2011). Encyclopedia of Municipal Bonds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zeadally, S., Cerqueira, E., Curado, M., & Leszczuk, M. (Eds.). (2010). Future Multimedia Networking: Third International Workshop, FMN 2010, Kraków, Poland, June 17-18, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6157). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Huggenberger, P., Epting, J., Affolter, A., Butscher, C., Fäh, D., Gechter, D., Konz, M., Page, R. M., Regli, C., Romanov, D., Scheidler, S., Zechner, E., & Zidane, A. (2011). Examples and Case Studies. In P. Huggenberger & J. Epting (Eds.), Urban Geology: Process-Oriented Concepts for Adaptive and Integrated Resource Management (pp. 95–191). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Research in Education.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, November 29). The Weirdest Sex Laws From Around The World. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Higher Education: Gaps in Parents’ and Students’ Knowledge of School Costs and Federal Aid (PEMD-90-20BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, J. (2012). The Effects of Leadership Behavior on Workplace Harassment, Employee Outcomes, and Organizational Effectiveness in Small Businesses [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Van Gelder, S. K. C. by L. (2004, November 4). Arts, Briefly; Saving Shostakovich. New York Times, E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Winkler, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson & Natland, 2007; Winkler, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson & Natland, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Ivany et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Irwin et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleReview of Research in Education
AbbreviationRev. Res. Educ.
ISSN (print)0091-732X
ISSN (online)1935-1038

Other styles