How to format your references using the Retrovirology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Retrovirology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Zewail AH. Four-dimensional electron microscopy. Science. 2010;328:187–93.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gronke K, Diefenbach A. Regenerative biology: Innate immunity repairs gut lining. Nature. 2015;528:488–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Tomonaga M, Uwano Y, Saito T. How dolphins see the world: a comparison with chimpanzees and humans. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3717.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Raza Z, Errea I, Oganov AR, Saitta AM. Novel superconducting skutterudite-type phosphorus nitride at high pressure from first-principles calculations. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5889.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. El-Reedy MA. Construction Management for Industrial Projects. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Ciccarelli FD, Miklós I, editors. Comparative Genomics: International Workshop, RECOMB-CG 2009, Budapest, Hungary, September 27-29, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Stein NR, Ribeiro LT. Pediatric Neuroimaging. In: Scheinemann K, Bouffet E, editors. Pediatric Neuro-oncology. New York, NY: Springer; 2015. p. 13–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Retrovirology.

Blog post
1. Carpineti C. 2 Billion People Are Drinking Water Contaminated With Fecal Matter. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Vehicle Safety: Technologies, Challenges, and Research and Development Expenditures for Advanced Air Bags. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Jun. Report No.: GAO-01-596.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lurz JP. Using Simplified Models and Limited-Horizon Planning to React to Time-Critical Problems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. Their Daily Flatbread. New York Times. 2009 Nov 29;NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRetrovirology
AbbreviationRetrovirology
ISSN (online)1742-4690
ScopeVirology
Infectious Diseases

Other styles