How to format your references using the Retrovirology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Retrovirology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. King A. Astronomy. Testing the limits of accretion. Science. 2014;343:1318–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Murray J, Segall P. Testing time-predictable earthquake recurrence by direct measurement of strain accumulation and release. Nature. 2002;419:287–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Watanabe Y, Farquhar J, Ohmoto H. Anomalous fractionations of sulfur isotopes during thermochemical sulfate reduction. Science. 2009;324:370–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hirschey MD, Shimazu T, Goetzman E, Jing E, Schwer B, Lombard DB, et al. SIRT3 regulates mitochondrial fatty-acid oxidation by reversible enzyme deacetylation. Nature. 2010;464:121–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rouse WB. Universities as Complex Enterprises. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1. Rahman H, Mesquita A, Ramos I, Pernici B, editors. Knowledge and Technologies in Innovative Information Systems: 7th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems, MCIS 2012, Guimaraes, Portugal, September 8-10, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Weitzberg K. Rethinking the Shifta War Fifty Years after Independence: Myth, Memory, and Marginalization. In: Kithinji MM, Koster MM, Rotich JP, editors. Kenya After 50: Reconfiguring Historical, Political, and Policy Milestones. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016. p. 65–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Retrovirology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Peanut The Turtle Still Alive And Saving The World’s Oceans. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security: TSA Has Made Progress in Implementing the Transportation Worker Identification Credential Program, but Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Apr. Report No.: GAO-07-681T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wilbur LJ. Perceptions of Missouri Public School Early Childhood Teachers and Administrators in Regard to Technology and Current Practices [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Corkery M, Silver-Greenberg J. Store-Branded Credit Cards Buoy Struggling Retailers, but Mask Their Pain. New York Times. 2017 May 11;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRetrovirology
AbbreviationRetrovirology
ISSN (online)1742-4690
ScopeVirology
Infectious Diseases

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