How to format your references using the Retrovirology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Retrovirology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Littlewood P. Physics. Condensates made of light. Science. 2007;316:989–90.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Santos ME, Salzburger W. Evolution. How cichlids diversify. Science. 2012;338:619–21.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Jordan SP, Lee KSM, Preskill J. Quantum algorithms for quantum field theories. Science. 2012;336:1130–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Spencer SL, Gaudet S, Albeck JG, Burke JM, Sorger PK. Non-genetic origins of cell-to-cell variability in TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Nature. 2009;459:428–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Daubert EJ. The Annual Campaign. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Domingo-Ferrer J, editor. Privacy in Statistical Databases: UNESCO Chair in Data Privacy, International Conference, PSD 2014, Ibiza, Spain, September 17-19, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Collins ML, Murphy MP. Activation: Solving Unemployment or Supporting a Low-Pay Economy? In: Murphy MP, Dukelow F, editors. The Irish Welfare State in the Twenty-First Century: Challenges and Change. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 67–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Retrovirology.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Doctors Warn About New Year “Detoxes” [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/doctors-warn-about-new-year-detoxes/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Management of the Community Action Against Addiction Program in Cleveland, Ohio. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975 Jun. Report No.: MWD-75-92.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Safarian Bahri P. Erosion Rate Prediction Model for Levee-Floodwall Overtopping Applications in Fine-Grained Soils [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. Replacing Yellow Buses, With Green in Mind. New York Times. 2006 Oct 29;14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRetrovirology
AbbreviationRetrovirology
ISSN (online)1742-4690
ScopeVirology
Infectious Diseases

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