How to format your references using the Research Papers in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Papers in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
King, Gary. 2011. “Ensuring the Data-Rich Future of the Social Sciences.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6018): 719–721.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tilman, David, and Emilie C. Snell-Rood. 2014. “Ecology: Diversity Breeds Complementarity.” Nature 515 (7525): 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bailor, Maximillian H., Xiaoyan Sun, and Hashim M. Al-Hashimi. 2010. “Topology Links RNA Secondary Structure with Global Conformation, Dynamics, and Adaptation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 327 (5962): 202–206.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Loveday, J. S., R. J. Nelmes, M. Guthrie, S. A. Belmonte, D. R. Allan, D. D. Klug, J. S. Tse, and Y. P. Handa. 2001. “Stable Methane Hydrate above 2 GPa and the Source of Titan’s Atmospheric Methane.” Nature 410 (6829): 661–663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaseghi, Saeed V. 2001. Advanced Digital Signal Processing and Noise Reduction. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Evans-Winters, Venus E., and Magaela C. Bethune, eds. 2014. (Re)Teaching Trayvon: Education for Racial Justice and Human Freedom. Youth, Media, & Culture Series. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Shih, Yuan-Kang, Hsun Su, and Shin-Shin Kao. 2013. “On the Hamiltonian-Connectedness for Graphs Satisfying Ore’s Theorem.” In Advances in Intelligent Systems and Applications - Volume 1: Proceedings of the International Computer Symposium ICS 2012 Held at Hualien, Taiwan, December 12–14, 2012, edited by Ruay-Shiung Chang, Lakhmi C. Jain, and Sheng-Lung Peng, 25–31. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Papers in Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Pair Of Infant Planets Spotted Forming Around A Young Star.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Status Information: FAA’s Year 2000 Business Continuity and Contingency Planning Efforts Are Ongoing. AIMD-99-40R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Li, Lan. 2012. “Internal Conflicts through External Design: Costuming the Contradictions in ‘The Love Song of J. Robert Oppenheimer.’” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Healy, Jack, and John Schwartz. 2016. “U.S. Suspends Pipeline Work in Tribes’ Path.” New York Times, September 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (King 2011).
This sentence cites two references (King 2011; Tilman and Snell-Rood 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tilman and Snell-Rood 2014)
  • Three authors: (Bailor, Sun, and Al-Hashimi 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Loveday et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Papers in Education
AbbreviationRes. Pap. Educ.
ISSN (print)0267-1522
ISSN (online)1470-1146

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