How to format your references using the Research Papers in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Papers in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Naldini, Luigi. 2015. “Gene Therapy Returns to Centre Stage.” Nature 526 (7573): 351–360.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beuther, Henrik, and Peter Schilke. 2004. “Fragmentation in Massive Star Formation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5661): 1167–1169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reichardt, Ben W., Falk Unger, and Umesh Vazirani. 2013. “Classical Command of Quantum Systems.” Nature 496 (7446): 456–460.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Miles, Luke A., Gabriela A. N. Crespi, Larissa Doughty, and Michael W. Parker. 2013. “Bapineuzumab Captures the N-Terminus of the Alzheimer’s Disease Amyloid-Beta Peptide in a Helical Conformation.” Scientific Reports 3: 1302.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bush, Jack, Daryl M. Harris, and Richard J. Parker. 2016. Cognitive Self Change. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Marani, Giacomo. 2014. Introduction to Autonomous Manipulation: Case Study with an Underwater Robot, SAUVIM. Edited by Junku Yuh. Vol. 102. Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hillhouse, Joel, and Rob Turrisi. 2012. “Motivations for Indoor Tanning: Theoretical Models.” In Shedding Light on Indoor Tanning, edited by Carolyn J. Heckman and Sharon L. Manne, 69–86. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Papers in Education.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Researchers Have Uncovered Perfectly Preserved Fossilized Brains That Are Half-A-Billion Years Old.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. Legislative and Regulatory Actions Needed To Deal With a Changing Domestic Telecommunications Industry. CED-81-136. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zaegel, Barbara M. 2012. “An Evaluation of the School-Wide Positive Behavior Intervention and Support Check In/Check Out Behavior Education Program.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “Mets Split a Doubleheader With the Nationals as Their Bullpen Gets a Workout.” New York Times, August 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Naldini 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Naldini 2015; Beuther and Schilke 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beuther and Schilke 2004)
  • Three authors: (Reichardt, Unger, and Vazirani 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Miles et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Papers in Education
AbbreviationRes. Pap. Educ.
ISSN (print)0267-1522
ISSN (online)1470-1146

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