How to format your references using the Research Papers in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Papers in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levine, Michael. 2014. “Retrospective. Walter Gehring (1939-2014).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6194): 277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reddy, G. Venugopala, and Elliot M. Meyerowitz. 2005. “Stem-Cell Homeostasis and Growth Dynamics Can Be Uncoupled in the Arabidopsis Shoot Apex.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5748): 663–667.
A journal article with 3 authors
den Boer, Susanne P. A., Boris Baer, and Jacobus J. Boomsma. 2010. “Seminal Fluid Mediates Ejaculate Competition in Social Insects.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 327 (5972): 1506–1509.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xuan, Chao, Hui Li, Jin-Xia Zhao, Hong-Wei Wang, Yi Wang, Chun-Ping Ning, Zhen Liu, Bei-Bei Zhang, Guo-Wei He, and Li-Min Lun. 2014. “Association between MTHFR Polymorphisms and Congenital Heart Disease: A Meta-Analysis Based on 9,329 Cases and 15,076 Controls.” Scientific Reports 4 (December): 7311.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krichen, Saoussen, and Jouhaina Chaouachi. 2014. Graph-Related Optimization and Decision Support Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Spearman, Paul, and Eric O. Freed, eds. 2009. HIV Interactions with Host Cell Proteins. Vol. 339. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Morange, Michel. 2007. “Genetics, Life and Death.” In The Influence of Genetics on Contemporary Thinking, edited by Anne Fagot-Largeault, Shahid Rahman, and Juan Manuel Torres, 51–60. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Papers in Education.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Neurons and a Nerve Discovered in the Sex Organs of Male Spiders.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Amtrak: Deteriorated Financial and Operating Conditions Threaten Long-Term Viability. T-RCED-95-142. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sachdev, Nisha A. 2012. “An Evaluation of the District of Columbia Summer Youth Employment Program.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2006. “Russia Inaugurates Book Prize. It’s Big.” New York Times, November 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levine 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Levine 2014; Reddy and Meyerowitz 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reddy and Meyerowitz 2005)
  • Three authors: (den Boer, Baer, and Boomsma 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Xuan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Papers in Education
AbbreviationRes. Pap. Educ.
ISSN (print)0267-1522
ISSN (online)1470-1146

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