How to format your references using the Research Papers in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Papers in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baltensperger, Urs. 2010. “Atmospheric Science. Aerosols in Clearer Focus.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 329 (5998): 1474–1475.
A journal article with 2 authors
Povolotskaya, Inna S., and Fyodor A. Kondrashov. 2010. “Sequence Space and the Ongoing Expansion of the Protein Universe.” Nature 465 (7300): 922–926.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nir, E., K. Kleinermanns, and M. S. de Vries. 2000. “Pairing of Isolated Nucleic-Acid Bases in the Absence of the DNA Backbone.” Nature 408 (6815): 949–951.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
DeMattos, Ronald B., Kelly R. Bales, David J. Cummins, Steven M. Paul, and David M. Holtzman. 2002. “Brain to Plasma Amyloid-Beta Efflux: A Measure of Brain Amyloid Burden in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer’s Disease.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5563): 2264–2267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Helvoort, Huub. 2006. SDH/SONET Explained in Functional Models. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Munoz, Ricardo, Victor Morell, Eduardo Cruz, and Carol Vetterly, eds. 2010. Critical Care of Children with Heart Disease: Basic Medical and Surgical Concepts. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fredriksson-Ahomaa, Maria. 2007. “Yersinia Enterocolitica and Yersinia Pseudotuberculosis.” In Foodborne Diseases, edited by Shabbir Simjee, 79–113. Infectious Disease. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Papers in Education.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2017. “New Horizons Performs Latest Maneuver On Journey To Distant Solar System Object.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Business Systems Modernization: IRS Needs to Complete Recent Efforts to Develop Policies and Procedures to Guide Requirements Development and Management. GAO-06-310. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lintott, Robert Warren. 2010. “The Manipulation of Time Perception in John Adams’s ‘Doctor Atomic.’” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, James. 2017. “The Call of the Wild.” New York Times, October 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baltensperger 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Baltensperger 2010; Povolotskaya and Kondrashov 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Povolotskaya and Kondrashov 2010)
  • Three authors: (Nir, Kleinermanns, and de Vries 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (DeMattos et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Papers in Education
AbbreviationRes. Pap. Educ.
ISSN (print)0267-1522
ISSN (online)1470-1146

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