How to format your references using the Research Papers in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Papers in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joye, Samantha B. 2015. “MARINE SCIENCE. Deepwater Horizon, 5 Years On.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 (6248): 592–593.
A journal article with 2 authors
Finlay, Christopher C., and Andrew Jackson. 2003. “Equatorially Dominated Magnetic Field Change at the Surface of Earth’s Core.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5628): 2084–2086.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, Sow-Hsin, Wei-Ren Chen, and Francesco Mallamace. 2003. “The Glass-to-Glass Transition and Its End Point in a Copolymer Micellar System.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5619): 619–622.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Manzano, Gonzalo, Fernando Galve, Gian Luca Giorgi, Emilio Hernández-García, and Roberta Zambrini. 2013. “Synchronization, Quantum Correlations and Entanglement in Oscillator Networks.” Scientific Reports 3: 1439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen, Triet. 2012. Investing in the High Yield Municipal Market. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kutyłowski, Mirosław, Jacek Cichoń, and Przemysław Kubiak, eds. 2008. Algorithmic Aspects of Wireless Sensor Networks: Third International Workshop, ALGOSENSORS 2007, Wroclaw, Poland, July 14, 2007, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 4837. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sommer, Stefan, François Lauze, Søren Hauberg, and Mads Nielsen. 2010. “Manifold Valued Statistics, Exact Principal Geodesic Analysis and the Effect of Linear Approximations.” In Computer Vision – ECCV 2010: 11th European Conference on Computer Vision, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, September 5-11, 2010, Proceedings, Part VI, edited by Kostas Daniilidis, Petros Maragos, and Nikos Paragios, 43–56. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Papers in Education.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2015. “The Universe Is Dying.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. Questions Designed To Aid Managers and Auditors in Assessing the ADP Planning Process. 119637. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shelby, Kenneth R. 2013. “Systems Engineering Knowledge Asset (SEKA) Management for Higher Performing Engineering Teams: People, Process and Technology toward Effective Knowledge-Workers.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Finnegan, John. 2017. “‘You Don’t Call Me.’” New York Times, August 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Joye 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Joye 2015; Finlay and Jackson 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Finlay and Jackson 2003)
  • Three authors: (Chen, Chen, and Mallamace 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Manzano et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Papers in Education
AbbreviationRes. Pap. Educ.
ISSN (print)0267-1522
ISSN (online)1470-1146

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