How to format your references using the Research Papers in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Papers in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barley, Shanta. 2011. “Animal Research: The Radical.” Nature 470 (7335): 454–456.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harper, George R., Jr, and David W. Pfennig. 2008. “Selection Overrides Gene Flow to Break down Maladaptive Mimicry.” Nature 451 (7182): 1103–1106.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhowmick, Neil A., Eric G. Neilson, and Harold L. Moses. 2004. “Stromal Fibroblasts in Cancer Initiation and Progression.” Nature 432 (7015): 332–337.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gordon, Jennifer R., Mark H. Goodman, Michael F. Potter, and Kenneth F. Haynes. 2014. “Population Variation in and Selection for Resistance to Pyrethroid-Neonicotinoid Insecticides in the Bed Bug.” Scientific Reports 4 (January): 3836.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunt, P. J., and J. E. Kennedy. 2005. Financial Derivatives in Theory and Practice: Hunt/Financial Derivatives. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bender, Christopher J. 2007. Computational and Instrumental Methods in EPR. Edited by Lawrence J. Berliner. Vol. 25. Biological Magnetic Resonance. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Dye, David H., and M. Franklin Keel. 2012. “The Portrayal of Native American Violence and Warfare: Who Speaks for the Past?” In The Ethics of Anthropology and Amerindian Research: Reporting on Environmental Degradation and Warfare, edited by Richard J. Chacon and Rubén G. Mendoza, 51–72. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Papers in Education.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2016. “Female Birds Sing To Tell Predators To Back Off.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Federal Research: Super Collider--National Security Benefits, Similar Projects, and Cost. RCED-93-158. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luna, Michael. 2017. “A Case Study of the Influence of Multipurpose Spaces on Campus Life at an Institution of Art and Design.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. 2017. “Pro Football; Jets Sign McCown.” New York Times, March 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barley 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Barley 2011; Harper and Pfennig 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harper and Pfennig 2008)
  • Three authors: (Bhowmick, Neilson, and Moses 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gordon et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Papers in Education
AbbreviationRes. Pap. Educ.
ISSN (print)0267-1522
ISSN (online)1470-1146

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