How to format your references using the Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA. GEOPHYSICS: Atmosphere Drives Earth’s Tipsiness. Science. 2000;289(5480):710.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mallon WT, Korn D. Education. Bonus pay for research faculty. Science. 2004;303(5657):476-477.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seibel BA, Robison BH, Haddock SHD. Post-spawning egg care by a squid. Nature. 2005;438(7070):929.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sander PM, Mateus O, Laven T, Knötschke N. Bone histology indicates insular dwarfism in a new Late Jurassic sauropod dinosaur. Nature. 2006;441(7094):739-741.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eales LJ. Immunology for Life Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Tuberosa R, Graner A, Frison E, eds. Genomics of Plant Genetic Resources: Volume 1. Managing, Sequencing and Mining Genetic Resources. Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Rutz D, Janssen R. Socio-Economic Impacts of Biofuels on Land Use Change. In: Rutz D, Janssen R, eds. Socio-Economic Impacts of Bioenergy Production. Springer International Publishing; 2014:81-93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.

Blog post
Luntz S. Changing States? It’s Complicated. IFLScience. Published November 7, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Operations: NASA Is Not Properly Safeguarding Valuable Data From Past Missions. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lange AW. Calcineurin/NFATc1/DSCR1 Pathway Function in Cardiac Valvuloseptal Development and Down Syndrome-Related Phenotypes. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Middle East: Qatar: Death Sought For Russians. New York Times. June 9, 2004:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Social and Administrative Pharmacy
AbbreviationRes. Social Adm. Pharm.
ISSN (print)1551-7411
ScopePharmaceutical Science

Other styles