How to format your references using the Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz D. The dubious benefits of broader impact. Nature. 2011;475(7355):141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Diaz RJ, Rosenberg R. Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems. Science. 2008;321(5891):926-929.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kramer G, Guilbride DL, Bukau B. Cell Biology. Finding nascent proteins the right home. Science. 2015;348(6231):182-183.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
McDonald BC, de Gouw JA, Gilman JB, et al. Volatile chemical products emerging as largest petrochemical source of urban organic emissions. Science. 2018;359(6377):760-764.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt AB. Financial Markets and Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Kurosu M, ed. Human Centered Design: First International Conference, HCD 2009, Held as Part of HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009 Proceedings. Vol 5619. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Jana M, Kumar P, Panda G. Efficient Portfolio for Interval Sharpe Ratio Model. In: Mohapatra RN, Chowdhury DR, Giri D, eds. Mathematics and Computing: ICMC, Haldia, India, January 2015. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer India; 2015:59-77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Is Bitcoin? It Is Not That Complicated If You Ignore The Geek Speak. IFLScience. Published August 24, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Environmental Protection Agency: Control of Air Pollution From New Motor Vehicles--Tier 2 Motor Vehicle Emissions Standards and Gasoline Sulfur Control Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schroder GL. A Quantitative Study of Critical Thinking Skills in Bachelors of Science Nursing Program Students. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. A Driving Spirit Is Conspicuous by His Absence. New York Times. July 2, 2011:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Social and Administrative Pharmacy
AbbreviationRes. Social Adm. Pharm.
ISSN (print)1551-7411
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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