How to format your references using the Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crommie MF. Physics. Manipulating magnetism in a single molecule. Science. 2005;309(5740):1501-1502.
A journal article with 2 authors
Devanna P, Vernes SC. A direct molecular link between the autism candidate gene RORa and the schizophrenia candidate MIR137. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3994.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mavrodiev P, Tessone CJ, Schweitzer F. Quantifying the effects of social influence. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1360.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nepstad D, McGrath D, Alencar A, et al. Environment. Frontier governance in Amazonia. Science. 2002;295(5555):629-631.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sengupta DL, Liepa VV. Applied Electromagnetics and Electromagnetic Compatibility. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Torzilli G, ed. Ultrasound-Guided Liver Surgery: An Atlas. Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Badawi RA, White CJ. Renal and Mesenteric Intervention. In: Bhatt DL, ed. Peripheral and Cerebrovascular Intervention. Humana Press; 2012:79-97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.

Blog post
Andrew E. Watch These Famous Landmarks Change Over Time Using “Mined” Tourists’ Photos. IFLScience. Published May 28, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation and the Environment: Initial Voluntary Airport Low Emissions Program Projects Reduce Emissions, and FAA Plans to Assess the Program’s Overall Performance as Participation Increases. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cagle West M. Effective software engineering leadership for development programs. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Panel Hears Complaints On Pensions At Delphi. New York Times. June 23, 2011:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Social and Administrative Pharmacy
AbbreviationRes. Social Adm. Pharm.
ISSN (print)1551-7411
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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