How to format your references using the Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Curl RF. Obituary: Richard E. Smalley (1943-2005). Nature. 2005;438(7071):1094.
A journal article with 2 authors
He S, MacLeod DI. Orientation-selective adaptation and tilt after-effect from invisible patterns. Nature. 2001;411(6836):473-476.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang C-W, Ka S-M, Chen A. Robust image registration of biological microscopic images. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6050.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Freeman C, Evans CD, Monteith DT, Reynolds B, Fenner N. Export of organic carbon from peat soils. Nature. 2001;412(6849):785.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eggert H, Kauschke W. Structural Bearings. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG; 2012.
An edited book
Mason C, Rawlings-Sanaei F, eds. Academic Migration, Discipline Knowledge and Pedagogical Practice: Voices from the Asia-Pacific. Singapore: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Poirier EJ, Poirier DR. Flow and Vacuum Production. In: Poirier DR, ed. Solutions Manual To Accompany Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing. The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:92-103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.

Blog post
Andrew D. Hubble Checks Out Stunning Spiral Galaxy. IFLScience. Published July 16, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Diffusing Innovations: Implementing the Technology Transfer Act of 1986. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Desai SS. CFD simuation of flow past a rotating circular cylinder with an end plate. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rich N. The New Origin of the Species. New York Times. February 27, 2014:MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Social and Administrative Pharmacy
AbbreviationRes. Social Adm. Pharm.
ISSN (print)1551-7411
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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