How to format your references using the Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C. Ticking the right boxes. Nature. 2006;439(7076):533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zarin DA, Tse T. Medicine. Moving toward transparency of clinical trials. Science. 2008;319(5868):1340-1342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hunt GR, Corballis MC, Gray RD. Animal behaviour: Laterality in tool manufacture by crows. Nature. 2001;414(6865):707.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schalch T, Duda S, Sargent DF, Richmond TJ. X-ray structure of a tetranucleosome and its implications for the chromatin fibre. Nature. 2005;436(7047):138-141.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hinkelmann K, Kempthorne O. Design and Analysis of Experiments: Advanced Experimental Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Cottin V, Cordier J-F, Richeldi L, eds. Orphan Lung Diseases: A Clinical Guide to Rare Lung Disease. Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Frunze N. Essential Mass and Structure of Soil Microorganisms in the Black Earth. In: Dent D, ed. Soil as World Heritage. Springer Netherlands; 2014:29-35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014, The Year That Was: Health + Medicine. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Weather Forecasting: NWS Has Not Demonstrated That New Processing System Will Improve Mission Effectiveness. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De Anda B. Factors that contribute to the stigma of mental illness. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. For Many, Thrift Shops Are a Wardrobe Essential. New York Times. April 26, 2008:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Social and Administrative Pharmacy
AbbreviationRes. Social Adm. Pharm.
ISSN (print)1551-7411
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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